Egypt Independent: Culture-Main news http://www.egyptindependent.com//enhome_channel/Culture/rss.xml en Egypt restores stolen King Cheops cartouche samples Friday http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2437978 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2012/10/11/72636/s3.reutersmedia.net_.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p dir="ltr" id="docs-internal-guid-703eebdc-d486-f7ca-8248-55715968408a"><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">The Egyptian embassy in Berlin will restore on Friday samples of a cartouche of King Cheops, which were stolen by German researches a year ago from the Great Pyramid.</span></p><p dir="ltr">Minister of Antiquities Mamdouh al-Damaty said he appreciates the efforts of the German authorities for cooperating with Egypt to restore the items.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;This came in response to what the ministry did after the incidents were revealed,&quot; he said. &quot;It contacted the foreign ministry to take legal measures to restore the items and&nbsp;conducted measures against the German researches for stealing artifacts that belong to the ancient civlization, which is within UNESCO&#39;s lists of international heritage sites.&quot;</p><p dir="ltr">&quot;The ministry took legal measures,&quot; he added. &quot;The incidents were referred to the prosecutor for investigation. UNESCO was also addressed to take the necessary measures against the German researchers.&quot;</p><p dir="ltr"><em>Edited translation from MENA</em></p> Thu, 14 Aug 2014 12:38:00 +0000 MENA 2437978 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2012/10/11/72636/s3.reutersmedia.net_.jpg Mummies in Egypt began long before Age of Pharoahs http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2437973 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2014/06/26/484151/208217_0.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1365">The earliest evidence of mummification in Egypt suggests that the practice of wrapping bodies to preserve them after death began around 1,000 years earlier than thought, said a study Wednesday.</p><div><div><div id="mediacontentrelatedstory_container">&nbsp;</div></div></div><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1401">The study in the journal PLOS ONE is the first to describe resins and linens used as funeral wrappings dating back as far as 3350 to 4500 BC.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1395">Historians have long believed that the Egyptian practice of mummification began around 2500 BC.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1368">But by applying modern scientific analysis to Egyptian collections that were already in British museums, they found that back then, people were using similar preserving materials in the same proportions as found in later mummies.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1372">&quot;This work demonstrates the huge potential of material in museum collections to allow researchers to unearth new information about the archaeological past,&quot; said co-author Thomas Higham of the University of Oxford.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1374">&quot;Using modern scientific tools our work has helped to illuminate a key aspect of the early history of ancient Egypt.&quot;</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1376">Experts used gas chromatography, mass spectrometry and other chemical analysis techniques to identify natural materials used to preserve corpses at the time.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1378">&quot;These recipes consist of a plant oil or animal fat &#39;base&#39; constituting the bulk of the &#39;balms&#39;,&quot; said the study.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1380">Lesser amounts of conifer resin, an aromatic plant extract, wax and plant gum or sugar were also used.</p><p>&quot;Moreover, these recipes contained antibacterial agents, used in the same proportions as were employed by the Egyptian embalmers when their skill was at its peak, some 2500&ndash;3000 years later,&quot; said the study.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1404">Researchers on the decade-long project came from the Universities of York, Macquarie and Oxford.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1406">The linen fragments they examined originated from entombed bodies in the earliest recorded ancient Egyptian cemeteries at Mostagedda in the Badari region of Upper Egypt.</p> Thu, 14 Aug 2014 09:32:00 +0000 AFP 2437973 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2014/06/26/484151/208217_0.jpg Celebrating Nefertari's tomb discovery to take place in Luxor 15 October http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2437936 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2014/04/28/495070/hisham_zaazou.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p dir="ltr" id="docs-internal-guid-8c9d5c0c-c9a9-82eb-ce36-24b0396e1e1e"><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">The civil aviation ministry and the tourism authority, in collaboration with Italian Embassy in Egypt, will organize a ceremony in commemoration of the discovery of Nefertari&#39;s tomb in Luxor 110 years ago.</span></p><p dir="ltr">The celebration will take place between 15-25 October in the Valley of Queens, Luxor.</p><p dir="ltr"><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">Several Italian archaeologists, trip organizers, media professionals representing Egypt and Italy will attend.Two photo exhibitions will be held atthe &nbsp;Luxor Exhibition and the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.</span></p><p dir="ltr">Tourism Minister Hesham Zaazou said these events have an important impact on promoting cultural tourism in order to assure stability and security were restored in Egypt.</p><p dir="ltr">Nefertari&#39;s tomb is one of the most important discoveries in the Valley of the Queens. It was discovered in 1904.</p><p dir="ltr"><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">Visitors were allowed access after some damages due to precipitation of salts at the hole leading to the tomb were fixed. Nefertari is one of the most famous Egyptian queens.</span></p><p dir="ltr"><em>Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm</em></p> Tue, 12 Aug 2014 09:58:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2437936 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2014/04/28/495070/hisham_zaazou.jpg Culture Ministry to form committee to protect creativity http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2437907 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2011/12/29/9948/tahrir_cinema.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Minister of Culture Gaber Asfour is forming a higher committee for the protection of creativity to decide on controversial works of art before licensing them for cinema viewing.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>He is also forming a committee to determine viewing age categories, train personnel and define the relationship between censorship and television works.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>This came during a meeting to restructure and develop the Censorship Authority in order to suit social and political variables.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The head of the Censorship Authority, Ahmed Awad, had resigned in protest of the decision of Prime Minister Ibrahim Mehleb to ban the screening of the film &ldquo;Halawet Roh&rdquo; because of certain scenes some viewers deemed inappropriate.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sun, 10 Aug 2014 14:23:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2437907 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2011/12/29/9948/tahrir_cinema.jpg