Egypt Independent: Culture-Main news http://www.egyptindependent.com//enhome_channel/Culture/rss.xml en On this day in history: President Mohamed Naguib died http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2438184 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2014/08/28/484151/307375_210305652366621_199464563450730_604594_1737950604_n.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Mohamed Naguib was the first president of Egypt after it became a republic. He was born in Khartoum, Sudan, on 7 July 1902 to an Egyptian father and Sudanese mother, according to what is stated in his memoirs.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Naguib began his life as a farmer in Gharbiya Governorate. He joined the military school in 1917 where he graduated after a year and traveled to Sudan in February 1918 to join the Egyptian battalion along with his father. He returned to Egypt and moved to Cairo in 1921. Naguib joined the royal guard in 1923 and then the Faculty of Law. He was promoted to Captain in 1931.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Naguib participated in the 1948 war in Palestine. In 1949, he was appointed director of the Frontier Corps, then was promoted to the rank of Major General in December 1950, and then he became director of the infantry.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>He was chosen by the Free Officers as leader to the 23 July revolution. He formed the first Ministry after the resignation of Ali Maher Pasha in 1952, and assumed presidency in 1953, to be dismissed from all his posts in the 14 November 1954, due to increased disagreements between him and the Free Officers.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The Revolution Leadership Council issued a statement on his dismissal causing demonstrations supporting him. The council issued a statement on 27 February 1954 reinstating him as president of the republic in order to calm protests before dismissing him again and putting him under house arrest for over 25 years. Naguib was released by late President Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat in 1974.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>On this day in history 28 August 1984, Naguib died in Maadi Military Hospital. A solemn military funeral was held for him led by former President Hosni Mubarak.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm</em></div> Thu, 28 Aug 2014 15:26:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2438184 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2014/08/28/484151/307375_210305652366621_199464563450730_604594_1737950604_n.jpg Royal family stolen jewelry seized http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2438115 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2013/10/14/484151/shutterstock_124043173.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Minister of Antiquities Mamdouh Al-Damaty said in a news conference at the headquarters of the Tourism Police on Sunday that 246 pieces of royal family jewelry were seized before smuggling out of the country.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>He explained that a certain bank was planning to sell the pieces in a auction but was stopped and the pieces were returned to the ministry.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Among the jewelry is a 45-carat diamond, the third largest in the world, and another 40-carat diamond placed in platinum and gold.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The royal family was founded by Mohamed Ali Pasha and ruled Egypt from 1805 until 1953 when King Farouk was ousted.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sun, 24 Aug 2014 13:18:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2438115 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2013/10/14/484151/shutterstock_124043173.jpg Egypt restores stolen King Cheops cartouche samples Friday http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2437978 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2012/10/11/72636/s3.reutersmedia.net_.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p dir="ltr" id="docs-internal-guid-703eebdc-d486-f7ca-8248-55715968408a"><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">The Egyptian embassy in Berlin will restore on Friday samples of a cartouche of King Cheops, which were stolen by German researches a year ago from the Great Pyramid.</span></p><p dir="ltr">Minister of Antiquities Mamdouh al-Damaty said he appreciates the efforts of the German authorities for cooperating with Egypt to restore the items.</p><p dir="ltr">&ldquo;This came in response to what the ministry did after the incidents were revealed,&quot; he said. &quot;It contacted the foreign ministry to take legal measures to restore the items and&nbsp;conducted measures against the German researches for stealing artifacts that belong to the ancient civlization, which is within UNESCO&#39;s lists of international heritage sites.&quot;</p><p dir="ltr">&quot;The ministry took legal measures,&quot; he added. &quot;The incidents were referred to the prosecutor for investigation. UNESCO was also addressed to take the necessary measures against the German researchers.&quot;</p><p dir="ltr"><em>Edited translation from MENA</em></p> Thu, 14 Aug 2014 12:38:00 +0000 MENA 2437978 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2012/10/11/72636/s3.reutersmedia.net_.jpg Mummies in Egypt began long before Age of Pharoahs http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2437973 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2014/06/26/484151/208217_0.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1365">The earliest evidence of mummification in Egypt suggests that the practice of wrapping bodies to preserve them after death began around 1,000 years earlier than thought, said a study Wednesday.</p><div><div><div id="mediacontentrelatedstory_container">&nbsp;</div></div></div><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1401">The study in the journal PLOS ONE is the first to describe resins and linens used as funeral wrappings dating back as far as 3350 to 4500 BC.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1395">Historians have long believed that the Egyptian practice of mummification began around 2500 BC.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1368">But by applying modern scientific analysis to Egyptian collections that were already in British museums, they found that back then, people were using similar preserving materials in the same proportions as found in later mummies.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1372">&quot;This work demonstrates the huge potential of material in museum collections to allow researchers to unearth new information about the archaeological past,&quot; said co-author Thomas Higham of the University of Oxford.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1374">&quot;Using modern scientific tools our work has helped to illuminate a key aspect of the early history of ancient Egypt.&quot;</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1376">Experts used gas chromatography, mass spectrometry and other chemical analysis techniques to identify natural materials used to preserve corpses at the time.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1378">&quot;These recipes consist of a plant oil or animal fat &#39;base&#39; constituting the bulk of the &#39;balms&#39;,&quot; said the study.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1380">Lesser amounts of conifer resin, an aromatic plant extract, wax and plant gum or sugar were also used.</p><p>&quot;Moreover, these recipes contained antibacterial agents, used in the same proportions as were employed by the Egyptian embalmers when their skill was at its peak, some 2500&ndash;3000 years later,&quot; said the study.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1404">Researchers on the decade-long project came from the Universities of York, Macquarie and Oxford.</p><p id="yui_3_16_0_1_1408011385143_1406">The linen fragments they examined originated from entombed bodies in the earliest recorded ancient Egyptian cemeteries at Mostagedda in the Badari region of Upper Egypt.</p> Thu, 14 Aug 2014 09:32:00 +0000 AFP 2437973 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2014/06/26/484151/208217_0.jpg