Egypt Independent: Culture-Main news en This day in history: Israel, Lebanese militias massacre thousands of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>At the hands of Lebanese isolationism groups represented the by South Lebanon Army and Phalanges Party (Kataeb Party), and in coordination with the Israeli army the Sabra and Shatila, a massacre was committed at the Palestinian refugee camps of Sabra and Shatila over three days staring 16 September 1982.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The Israeli army and the South Lebanon Army deployed 350 militants from the Lebanese Phalange Party under the pretext of hunting 1,500 Palestinian fighters hiding in the camp. Palestinian militants were meanwhile outside the camp on battle fronts and the camp included only children, elderly and women.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The Phalange Party militants killed women, children and the elderly in cold blood, before Israeli bulldozers razed the camp and demolished homes. Estimates varied on the number of victims of the massacre but ranged between 3,500 and 5,000 victims including unarmed children, women and elderly, mostly Palestinians. There were also Lebanese victims.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The camp was inclosed by the South Lebanese Army and Israeli army led by Ariel Sharon and Raphael Eitan, former Israeli chief of staff.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The Lebanese militia was led by Elie Hobeika. The Israeli army besieged the camp and illuminated it at night with flash bombs.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Edited translation from&nbsp;Al-Masry Al-Youm</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div> Tue, 16 Sep 2014 09:51:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2438442 at sites/default/files/photo/2013/08/24/481046/shutterstock_146750888.jpg Museums for free on World Tourism Day <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p><span style="line-height: normal;">Ahmed Mutawa, director of the Archaeological Sites Development Department, said all museums will be for free on World Tourism Day on 27 September in order to encourage visitors to see Egypt&rsquo;s diverse heritage.&nbsp;</span></p><div>He said the ministry will celebrate for two days with cultural events, including folk dances and workshops for children to produce mini art models embodying the treasures they saw in the museums.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Minister of Antiquities Mamdouh al-Dadamaty has launched a campaign to promote domestic and foreign tourism in conjunction with World Tourism Day in order to reassure the world that Egypt is safe and secure.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Egypt struggles to restore tourism after it was affected by the aftermaths of the 2011 and 2013 events against former presidents Hosni Mubarak and Mohamed Morsy.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Lately, several countries reduced their travel warning for Egypt.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Edited translation from MENA</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Wed, 10 Sep 2014 13:26:00 +0000 MENA 2438379 at sites/default/files/photo/2014/05/08/484151/image.jpg Culture Minister to open Alexandria Film Festival Wednesday <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p dir="ltr" id="docs-internal-guid-539bc9fb-595c-14f5-f954-f47b792b7139"><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">Culture Minister Gaber Asfour will open on Wednesday the Alexandria Film Festival at Bibliotheca Alexandrina.</span></p><p dir="ltr">The festival is organized by the Egyptian Film Critics Association in coordination with the governorate and the Egypt Tourism Authority and will take place from 10-15 September.</p><p dir="ltr">The festival will be headed by Film Critic Al-Amir Abaza.</p><p dir="ltr">Governor Tareq Al-Mahdy and several culture and arts figures will attend the opening ceremony. Around 26 countries are taking part in the festival with 124 movies.</p><p dir="ltr"><em>Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm</em></p> Tue, 09 Sep 2014 07:42:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2438349 at sites/default/files/photo/2012/09/16/9948/dont_sign.jpg On this day in history: President Mohamed Naguib died <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Mohamed Naguib was the first president of Egypt after it became a republic. He was born in Khartoum, Sudan, on 7 July 1902 to an Egyptian father and Sudanese mother, according to what is stated in his memoirs.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Naguib began his life as a farmer in Gharbiya Governorate. He joined the military school in 1917 where he graduated after a year and traveled to Sudan in February 1918 to join the Egyptian battalion along with his father. He returned to Egypt and moved to Cairo in 1921. Naguib joined the royal guard in 1923 and then the Faculty of Law. He was promoted to Captain in 1931.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Naguib participated in the 1948 war in Palestine. In 1949, he was appointed director of the Frontier Corps, then was promoted to the rank of Major General in December 1950, and then he became director of the infantry.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>He was chosen by the Free Officers as leader to the 23 July revolution. He formed the first Ministry after the resignation of Ali Maher Pasha in 1952, and assumed presidency in 1953, to be dismissed from all his posts in the 14 November 1954, due to increased disagreements between him and the Free Officers.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The Revolution Leadership Council issued a statement on his dismissal causing demonstrations supporting him. The council issued a statement on 27 February 1954 reinstating him as president of the republic in order to calm protests before dismissing him again and putting him under house arrest for over 25 years. Naguib was released by late President Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat in 1974.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>On this day in history 28 August 1984, Naguib died in Maadi Military Hospital. A solemn military funeral was held for him led by former President Hosni Mubarak.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm</em></div> Thu, 28 Aug 2014 15:26:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2438184 at sites/default/files/photo/2014/08/28/484151/307375_210305652366621_199464563450730_604594_1737950604_n.jpg