Egypt Independent: Science-Main news http://www.egyptindependent.com//enhome_channel/Environment/rss.xml en 25th Dynasty burial chamber, sarcophagus discovered on Luxor's west bank http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2472233 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2016/08/30/43/14089123_1164736523571996_1282132656514923048_n.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>A burial chamber and sarcophagus dating from the 25th dynasty of ancient Egypt have been discovered in south Asasif, Luxor&#39;s west bank, by an Egyptian-American archaeological mission.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>According to the Ministry of Antiquities, the team has discovered the burial chamber of a mayor who lived during the reign of Karabasken, the ruler of Thebes ruler and the fourth priest of Amun during the 25th dynasty (760 BC to 656 BC)</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Elena Pischikova, director of the archaeological mission, said that these two significant finds were stumbled upon accidently during excavation work in the cult room of the tomb of a government official of Thebes.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Mahmoud Afifi, head of the Ancient Egyptian Antiquities Sector in the ministry, described the sarcophagus as &quot;a unique example of Kushite sarcophagi in an elite tomb.&quot;&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The sarcophagus is a red granite sculpture. It is 2,41 cm tall and 1.63 cm large, and does not show any engravings or paintings on its surface.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Cleaning works will continue on the sarcophagus, the tomb and the surrounding area to know more about the necropolis,&quot; Pischikova concluded.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Egypt&#39;s treasure trove of ancient sites draws international archeological teams to the country all year round.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Earlier this summer, a Spanish mission from Chowan University uncovered the mummy of a woman from the 12th Dynasty inside a two-layered coffin of cedar wood.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The mission has been conducting excavations west of Aswan since 2008. One of the most important discoveries they have made was the oldest case of breast cancer in a woman who lived at the time of the Sixth Dynasty. The Tombs of Nobles, west of Aswan, include tombs for governors of Aswan who governed during the periods of the Old and Middle kingdoms of Egypt.</div> Tue, 30 Aug 2016 11:12:00 +0000 Heba Helmy 2472233 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2016/08/30/43/14089123_1164736523571996_1282132656514923048_n.jpg Six great sports for easing into exercise http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2472199 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2016/08/29/39/exercise.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Those used to sedentary lifestyles are better off picking endurance-based activities, such as cycling, Nordic walking, dance or aqua cycling, when taking up exercise to help avoid injury and heart palpitations.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Here are six top sports for getting started, recommended by sports cardiologist, Laurent Uzan.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Indoor cycling at home or in the gym</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Cycling is an ideal way to start exercising from scratch because the body&#39;s weight is supported by the bike, easing the strain on joints. It is even suitable for people suffering from back pain and the intensity of the workout can be varied easily.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Cycling at a moderate pace can burn up to 600 calories per hour. An exercise bike at home can help keep you motivated in bad weather.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Cross-trainer</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Like cross-country skiing, the cross-trainer (or elliptical trainer) is a gym machine that works both arms and legs.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>This endurance-based exercise can burn 400 to 600 calories, depending on your weight and workout intensity. When starting out, five to 10 minutes every day is better than a two-hour slog on Sunday morning.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Aqua cycling</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Aquabiking brings added benefits to cycling, encouraging lymphatic drainage and boosting circulation thanks to the extra resistance created by immersion in water. It&#39;s a great cellulite-buster and crunches calories at a rate of up to 400 per half-hour session.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Many gyms with pools now offer aqua cycling classes, usually with taster sessions for beginners. Special aqua cycling centers are also an option.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Dancing</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Dancing is a great way to get moving with a workout that&#39;s loads of fun. Energetic dance classes like Zumba or hip hop aren&#39;t recommended in this case, but there&#39;s now a huge choice of styles, offering something for everyone.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Ballroom dancing is a great way to improve coordination while preventing osteoporosis, especially for seniors.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Nordic walking</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>For sedentary people or seniors, Nordic walking is a great activity that gets the heart pumping and works the whole body.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In fact, this type of walking with poles uses both upper and lower limbs, getting 80 percent to 90 percent of the body&#39;s muscles moving.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It therefore burns more calories than regular walking, busting 380 calories per 30-minute session compared to 250 calories for regular walking. It&#39;s also a great way to get outside and enjoy the scenery with organized group walks.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Running</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Although running is usually recommended for more experienced exercisers with higher fitness levels, anyone can take up the sport by learning to run progressively.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>First of all, take 10 minutes to warm up. Next, walk briskly for four minutes then break into a slow jog for one minute. Repeat this five-minute sequence five more times to make a 30-minute session. Finish off with a five-minute recovery period.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Little by little, the jogging/running time can be increased, next to three minutes of walking with two minutes of running, then two minutes of walking and three minutes of running, etc. Eventually, you&#39;ll be able to manage 30 minutes of continuous running.</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Mon, 29 Aug 2016 13:00:00 +0000 AFP 2472199 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2016/08/29/39/exercise.jpg Drug discovery brings hope of new breast cancer treatments http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2472171 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2015/10/01/43/breast_cancer_pink_ribbon_20150925_620_449_100.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Scientists from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, have identified a new drug that could offer an effective future therapy for breast cancer. While a potential treatment is still a long way off, this discovery could give rise to promising clinical trials.</p><div>The potentially life-changing compound for women suffering from breast cancer is called eCF506. The British team of researchers discovered its ability to block the growth of breast cancer cells in lab-based studies.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Unlike other drugs currently being tested in clinical trials, this new compound has the advantage of being highly selective, so it doesn&#39;t affect other molecules in the cell. This means it should have fewer side effects for patients.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The researchers say that their early findings are highly promising, even if the drug will require further preclinical testing before progression to clinical trials. &quot;eCF506 is the first drug candidate of a second generation of Src inhibitors that will not only help to understand the complexity of some cancers but also the development of safer combination therapies,&quot; explains Dr Asier Unciti-Broceta, who led the study.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Breast cancer is the most common kind of cancer affecting women worldwide. One in nine women will suffer from breast cancer in her lifetime and one in 27 will die from the disease. Breast cancer is most common after the age of 50. The survival rate five years after diagnosis varies from 80 percent to 90 percent, depending on age and the type of cancer.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Current treatments usually revolve around four techniques: surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The World Health Organization singles out the early onset of puberty, late menopause or a first pregnancy later in life as some of the most significant risk factors for breast cancer. Women using oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapies are also at higher risk of developing the disease. Breastfeeding has, on the other hand, been found to have a protective effect against the disease.</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sun, 28 Aug 2016 12:34:00 +0000 AFP 2472171 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2015/10/01/43/breast_cancer_pink_ribbon_20150925_620_449_100.jpg WhatsApp relaxes privacy stance, to share phone numbers with Facebook http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2472169 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2014/05/07/484151/whatsapp.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Popular messaging service WhatsApp said it would start sharing users&#39; phone numbers with parent Facebook Inc, marking a notable shift in its stance on privacy.</p><div>When Facebook bought WhatsApp in 2014, founder Jan Koum vowed to protect the data of its users, saying the deal would not affect its privacy policy. The change in policy, WhatsApp&#39;s first since the deal, will allow for more relevant advertisements and friend recommendations on Facebook, according to a WhatsApp blog post.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>WhatsApp, however, sought to reassure users by saying that it would not sell, share, or give users&#39; phone numbers to advertisers. The company also maintained that messages on the service were encrypted by default and that it would not allow banner advertisements from third parties.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Our belief in the value of private communications is unshakeable,&quot; WhatsApp said in the post.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Koum had outlined his approach to privacy in a blog post after the deal with Facebook, drawing on his own experiences of growing up in Ukraine during the Soviet era. Some users, however, were not convinced by the shift in WhatsApp&#39;s stance.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Phone numbers?!? No! That&#39;s absolutely NOT OKAY. I might need to delete Facebook, people. NOT kidding,&quot; Twitter user Mindy McAdams wrote.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>WhatsApp said users could choose not to share account information with Facebook. The shared data will also help WhatsApp track information about how often people use its services and tackle spam on the service, it said on Thursday.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>WhatsApp, which is has more than 1 billion users, will also explore ways for businesses to send messages using its platform over the next several months, it said. WhatsApp dropped its US$1 token fee for some of its users earlier this year and said it was experimenting making businesses pay to reach their customers through the service.</div> Sun, 28 Aug 2016 12:33:00 +0000 AFP 2472169 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2014/05/07/484151/whatsapp.jpg