Egypt Independent: Science-Main news en Could insulin pills prevent diabetes? Big study seeks answer <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>For nearly a century, insulin has been a life-saving diabetes treatment. Now scientists are testing a tantalizing question: What if pills containing the same medicine patients inject every day could also prevent the disease?</p><p id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1326">Thirteen-year-old Hayden Murphy of Plainfield, Illinois, is helping researchers determine if the strategy works for Type 1 diabetes, the kind that is usually diagnosed in childhood. If it does, he might be able to avoid the lifetime burdens facing his 5-year-old brother, Weston. They includes countless finger pricks and blood sugar checks, and avoiding playing too hard or eating too little, which both can cause dangerous blood sugar fluctuations.</p><p id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1332">Hayden Murphy is among more than 400 children and adults participating in U.S. government-funded international research investigating whether experimental insulin capsules can prevent or at least delay Type 1 diabetes. Hospitals in the United States and eight other countries are involved and recruitment is ongoing. To enroll, participants must first get bad news: results of a blood test showing their chances for developing the disease are high.</p><p>&quot;When I got the news, I was devastated,&quot; Hayden said. He knows it means his life could change in an instant.</p><p>&quot;He has the daily reminders. He sees what his brother goes through,&quot; said the boys&#39; mom, Myra Murphy.</p><p id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1334">So now Hayden Murphy swallows a small white capsule daily and has his blood checked periodically for signs of diabetes.</p><div id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1339"><div id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1337"><div id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1336">&nbsp;</div><a data-pos="1" data-rapid_p="26" data-uuid="48222f1e-7421-316a-bf11-a1b474657a7d" data-ylk="t1:a3;t2:ct-mod;t3:embd;sec:ct-mod;slk:expand;elm:img;elmt:ct;itc:1;g:4bc37be8-18ad-38ee-bff9-1c3dc4bbe934;aid:48222f1e-7421-316a-bf11-a1b474657a7d;ct:4;cpos:1;" href="" id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1338" title="In this photo taken Wednesday, May 13, 2015, Hayden&amp;nbsp;&amp;hellip;"><img alt="In this photo taken Wednesday, May 13, 2015, Hayden&amp;nbsp;&amp;hellip;" data-src-2x="" src="" /></a></div><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1341">&quot;I hope it doesn&#39;t come to me, and I really didn&#39;t want it to come to him,&quot; Hayden said.</p><p id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1343">A small, preliminary study by different researchers, published recently in the Journal of the American Medical Association, suggests the approach might work. Children who took insulin pills showed immune system changes that the researchers said might help prevent diabetes. The study was too small and didn&#39;t last long enough to know for sure.</p><p>The ongoing larger study is more rigorous, randomly assigning participants to get experimental insulin capsules or dummy pills, and should provide a clearer answer.</p><p>&quot;Does it prevent indefinitely? Does it slow it down, does it delay diabetes? That also would be a pretty big win,&quot; said Dr. Louis Philipson, a University of Chicago diabetes specialist involved in the study.</p><p>About 1.25 million Americans have Type 1 diabetes. Type 2 disease is more common, affecting nearly 30 million nationwide and most of the more than 300 million worldwide with diabetes. Besides short-term complications from poorly controlled blood sugar, both types raise long-term risks for damage to the kidneys, heart and eyes.</p><div><div><div><a data-pos="2" data-rapid_p="27" data-uuid="3fc275d8-3612-3fde-a314-1c51031865ff" data-ylk="t1:a3;t2:ct-mod;t3:embd;sec:ct-mod;slk:expand;elm:img;elmt:ct;itc:1;g:4bc37be8-18ad-38ee-bff9-1c3dc4bbe934;aid:3fc275d8-3612-3fde-a314-1c51031865ff;ct:4;cpos:2;" href="" title="In this photo taken Wednesday, May 13, 2015, Weston&amp;nbsp;&amp;hellip;">View gallery</a></div><p><a data-pos="2" data-rapid_p="27" data-uuid="3fc275d8-3612-3fde-a314-1c51031865ff" data-ylk="t1:a3;t2:ct-mod;t3:embd;sec:ct-mod;slk:expand;elm:img;elmt:ct;itc:1;g:4bc37be8-18ad-38ee-bff9-1c3dc4bbe934;aid:3fc275d8-3612-3fde-a314-1c51031865ff;ct:4;cpos:2;" href="" title="In this photo taken Wednesday, May 13, 2015, Weston&amp;nbsp;&amp;hellip;"><img alt="In this photo taken Wednesday, May 13, 2015, Weston&amp;nbsp;&amp;hellip;" data-src-2x="" src="" /></a></p></div></div><p id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1345">Both types are increasing and for Type 2, experts think that&#39;s because of rising obesity and inactivity. But the upward trend in Type 1 diabetes, increasing worldwide by at least 3 percent each year, is more perplexing.</p><p>&quot;We know so very little about the exact mechanisms that cause Type 1 diabetes,&quot; which complicates efforts to prevent it, said Dr. Desmond Schatz, the study&#39;s chair and medical director of the University of Florida Diabetes Center.</p><p>&quot;For the most part, it&#39;s really shooting an arrow into a field and hoping one of the arrows hits a target,&quot; Schatz said.</p><p>In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas stops making insulin, a blood sugar-regulating hormone that helps the body convert sugar in food into energy. Treatment is lifetime replacement insulin, usually via injections or a small pump. In Type 2, the body can&#39;t make proper use of insulin. It can sometimes be treated with a healthy diet and exercise.</p><p id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1347">Genes are thought to increase risks for Type 1 diabetes. Viruses and other infections are among factors suggested as possible triggers the disease, which causes the body&#39;s immune system to attack insulin-producing cells.</p><div><div><a data-pos="3" data-rapid_p="28" data-uuid="a0fa7dbb-aa51-3879-b81a-c46d0cf970b5" data-ylk="t1:a3;t2:ct-mod;t3:embd;sec:ct-mod;slk:expand;elm:img;elmt:ct;itc:1;g:4bc37be8-18ad-38ee-bff9-1c3dc4bbe934;aid:a0fa7dbb-aa51-3879-b81a-c46d0cf970b5;ct:4;cpos:3;" href="" title="In this photo taken Wednesday, May 13, 2015, Weston&amp;nbsp;&amp;hellip;"><img alt="In this photo taken Wednesday, May 13, 2015, Weston&amp;nbsp;&amp;hellip;" data-src-2x="" src="" /></a></div><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1349">Dr. Wendy Brickman, a diabetes specialist at Chicago&#39;s Lurie Children&#39;s Hospital who&#39;s involved in the study, explained that researchers think taking insulin by mouth so that it&#39;s digested like food might somehow trick the faulty immune system into not attacking insulin-making cells.</p><p>Insulin pills also are being studied as a diabetes treatment, but the challenge has been finding a way to get the drug to reach the bloodstream without being degraded as it is digested.</p><p id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1351">A branch of the National Institutes of Health is funding the prevention research, including two other studies: one involves infusions of the drug Orencia, approved for rheumatoid arthritis, another autoimmune disease; the other involves infusions of an experimental drug called teplizumab.</p><p>If prevention pills work, they&#39;d likely be less expensive than having a lifetime of diabetes, said Lisa Spain, an institute scientist and program director. Results from the insulin pill prevention study are expected in 2017, she said, adding that it&#39;s too soon to predict an outcome.</p><p>Hayden Murphy and his family are cautiously optimistic; after three years in the study, he&#39;s shown no signs of diabetes. Still, his mom says she worries every time he seems thirstier than usual &mdash; among symptoms her youngest boy had before his diagnosis three years ago.</p><p id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1353">There&#39;s a middle son, too &mdash; 9-year-old Daxton, who faces an increased diabetes risk because his little brother has it.</p><p id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1355">&quot;It definitely is a life-changing diagnosis,&quot; Myra Murphy said.</p><p id="yui_3_18_1_1_1435924343576_1366">&nbsp;</p> Fri, 03 Jul 2015 11:53:00 +0000 AP 2453517 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/05/14/43/lm.jpg Cairo University student team participates in US rocket competition <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Cairo University President Gaber Nassar announced on Thursday that a team of students from the Faculty of Engineering participated for the first time in the 10th annual intercollegiate rocket engineering competition in the United States, where they launched a small rocket.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The competition took place in the state of Utah, United States where 50 universities from around the world participated. Though most teams were from the United States and Canada, teams representing universities in India, Australia, Brazil, and Turkey were also present, according to Nassar.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>He pointed out that the Cairo University team was the sole representative of Africa and the Arab states. The Egyptian team won the Team Spirit Award.</div><div><img src="" style="height: 386px; width: 536px;" /></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Sherif Mourad, Dean of the Faculty of Engineering at Cairo University, said in a statement that the missile was designed by three students from the Department of Aerospace Engineering in the Faculty of Engineering: Essam Omar, Ahmed al-Gohary and Hamed Gamal. They worked under the scientific supervision of Professor Basman Hadidy.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Cairo University participated in the basic level competition, Mourad said, pointing out that the missile the Cairo University team builit had launched successfully.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The teams from the American universities of Mississippi, Massachusetts, Oregon and Colorado ranked first in the advanced level, the basic level, the maximum payload and the development and technical excellence competitions.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Student teams from the Faculty of Engineering at Cairo University have been involved, over the past two years, in several international competitions for cars, energy-saving vehicles, off-road exploration vehicles and software.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><img src="" style="height: 386px; width: 536px;" /></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm</em></div> Thu, 02 Jul 2015 12:51:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2453480 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/07/02/16030/rock.jpg St. Eugene Church classified as antiquity <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>The Board of the Supreme Council of Antiquities has agreed to register the St. Eugene Church in Port Said as a Coptic antiquity.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Mohamed Abdel Latif, head of the Islamic and Coptic Monuments Department, said the church is the oldest in the city, as it was built in 1890 on the ruins of an old church.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;It is built in a European style that combines elements of classical and Renaissance architecture,&rdquo; he said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div> Thu, 02 Jul 2015 12:16:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2453472 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/07/02/484151/290812_0.jpg Could Facebook follow Apple into the music business? <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Facebook is allegedly in talks to develop a new music service.</p><p>The social network has had discussions with Sony Music Entertainment, Universal Music Group and Warner Music Group, The Verge reports. However, the exact nature of the potential venture is thought to be undecided as of yet.</p><p>Speculation is rife that the company could be aiming to capitalize on its successful Facebook Video feature to broaden its entertainment output.</p><p>The news follows the launch of Apple Music, the new streaming service from the tech giant.</p><p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin-bottom: 9.5px; color: rgb(51, 51, 51); font-family: 'Open Sans', 'Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 13px; line-height: 19px;">&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p> Thu, 02 Jul 2015 11:45:00 +0000 AFP 2453487 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/03/10/43/facebook.jpg