Egypt Independent: Environment-Main news en Solid waste management project to start soon in Egypt at cost of $75 mn <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Khaled Fahmy, Minister of Environment, held a meeting with Stepten Hammer, lead urban specialist at the World Bank and co-author of &quot;Cities and Climate Change,&quot; and his delegation Monday to discuss collaboration avenues in an effort to reach drastic solutions for the solid waste problem in Egypt.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>During the meeting, the World Bank&#39;s delegation proposed the idea of developing the infrastructure system of the municipal solid wastes in Cairo and one of Upper Egypt&#39;s governorates, which will soon be specified by the government according to upcoming research.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The mega project, with a cost of $75 million, will encompass a sanitary landfill in the capital, as well as building amaterials-recycling facility, and transfer stations.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><div>The country&#39;s underprivileged neighborhoods will be the project&#39;s main targeting areas. Subsequently, a number of comprehensive, studies will be carried out on solid waste production and its types based on various neighborhoods and social standards in the near future.&nbsp;</div></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The term solid waste includes any garbage or sludge from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant or air pollution control facility and other discarded materials including solid, liquid, semi-solid or contained gaseous material, resulting from industrial, commercial, mining and agricultural operations and from community activities.</div> Mon, 27 Oct 2014 14:13:00 +0000 Heba Helmy 2439251 at sites/default/files/photo/2012/04/01/54605/garbage.jpg Govt plans expansion in desert through wooded forests <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>The government, represented by the ministries of Agriculture, Housing, Irrigation and Environment, is studying expansion into the desert throughout different governorates by establishing wooded forests that treat sewage to reduce the risks of climate change.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The Agriculture&nbsp;Ministry prepared an official report on the economic return of developing an ecological forest, the extent of forests&#39; contribution to the reduction of sewage and pollution of&nbsp;waterways, how to take advantage of forests to get a variety of products like energy, timber, organic fertilizers and to provide job opportunities, protecting endangered land from erosion, maintaining the stability of sand dunes, and protecting residential areas.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The report expected the use of German expertise to create a management for forest development and research by providing degrees of Bachelor and Master in this field.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Member of the working group at the Agriculture&nbsp;Ministry, Abdel Ghany al-Gendy, said the ministry was working on a project that included the cultivation of wooded forests on an area of ​​one million acres through the exploitation of treated sewage and the re-usage of 6 billion cubic meters of water, which is estimated at approximately 10.8 percent of Egypt&#39;s share in the Nile water.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Gendy added, in a press statement, Saturday that the forests would have beside its economic return environmental returns like reducing the pollution created by the sewage discharged into the sea or desert.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm</em></div> Sun, 26 Oct 2014 13:13:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2439190 at sites/default/files/photo/2012/05/29/54605/desert2.jpg EU set to allow car emissions into carbon trading market <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>The European Union is set to make it easier to bring road transport emissions into the carbon trading market, a move that critics say could empower carmakers to push back against more effective curbs on greenhouse gases.</p><p>EU leaders will attempt to agree on energy policy for 2030 when they meet in Brussels on Thursday and Friday, including an EU-wide cut in greenhouse gas emissions of 40 percent compared with 1990 levels.</p><p>The EU&#39;s Emissions Trading System (ETS), key to efforts to reduce emissions, has so far excluded road transport. It has focused on curbing pollution from heavy industry and the power sector by forcing more than 12,000 power plants, factories and airlines to surrender an allowance for every tonne of CO2 emitted under a gradually decreasing emission cap.</p><p>But a draft of the EU&#39;s 2030 climate and energy package, seen by Reuters, says individual member states can include road transport in the EU ETS if they choose.</p><p>It also calls on the executive European Commission to &quot;further develop instruments and measures for a comprehensive and technology neutral approach for the promotion of emissions reduction and energy efficiency in transport&quot;.</p><p>The phrase &quot;technology neutral&quot; is often used by business to champion using the EU ETS to tackle emissions, rather than sector-specific targets.</p><p>Transport is Europe&#39;s second-largest source of greenhouse gas emissions after the power sector, and is also the fastest-growing one.</p><p>Bringing cars into the ETS could reduce the costs the car industry faces in meeting existing regulation as well as tackling the oversupply on the carbon market which has pushed prices of carbon allowances down to around 6 euros ($7.64) per tonne from more than 30 euros six years ago.</p><p>But the impact on emissions would be negligible, analysts say. A study published this week by consultancy Cambridge Econometrics estimated that bringing road transport into the ETS would curb emissions by 1 percent by 2030 at current ETS prices.</p><p>It also found that to achieve a vehicle emissions goal of 60 grams of carbon dioxide per kilometer (g/km) by 2030 -- the logical extension of existing car emissions targets -- carbon prices would need to rise to over 200 euros per tonne, imposing huge costs on heavy industry.</p><p>Climate campaigners say heavy lobbying from business has already ensured a proposed emissions cut of 40 percent will not include a sub-target for transport, whereas the current set of 2020 targets includes a 6 percent cut in road fuel emissions compared with 1990.</p><p>Existing EU law also includes emissions standards to limit carbon dioxide pollution from cars, which extend to 2021 and have attracted stiff resistance, especially from the German luxury car sector, led by brands such as BMW and Daimler.</p><p>Several EU officials said there was no unanimity on bringing road transport into the ETS, so member states were likely to agree on asking the European Commission to look at ways to expand the carbon trading scheme.</p><p>But green campaigners say even the mention of flexibility in achieving targets could give carmakers more stick to persuade lawmakers to drop efforts for any further car specific standards, which they say have had a major impact on reducing vehicle fuel use and cutting pollution.</p><p>&quot;The draft text makes the theoretical possibility of transport in the ETS move closer to reality,&quot; said Greg Archer of environmental group T&amp;E. &quot;It is a dangerous precedent that will undermine reductions in transport emissions while damaging EU growth and jobs.&quot;</p> Fri, 24 Oct 2014 08:54:00 +0000 Reuters 2439171 at sites/default/files/photo/2014/10/21/484151/02climate-master675.jpg US First Solar to invest in Egypt by next year, executive director says <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>The US company, First Solar, is looking into operating in Egypt by next year, Middle East Executive Director Ahmed Nada said.</p><p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">He added that the company is considered one of the largest companies in the world in the field of solar energy and is listed on NASDAQ.</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">First Solar is a global leader in photovoltaic (PV) solar energy solutions with more than eight gigawatts (GW) installed worldwide.</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">Moreover, Nada said he expects Egypt to become an exporter of solar energy within five years.</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">Egypt is looking to increase the country&rsquo;s share of new and renewable energy to 20 percent by 2020, according to electricity ministry figures. Wind will likely account for 12 percent, with other renewable energy sources making up the remaining eight percent.</span></p><p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">In April 2014, the Egyptian government announced plans to invest US$1 billion in solar power development in order to increase the share of green energy in the country and to spur job creation.</span></p><p>&nbsp;</p> Wed, 22 Oct 2014 12:59:00 +0000 Egypt Independent 2439115 at sites/default/files/photo/2013/05/22/5886/sun.jpg