Egypt Independent: Science-Main news en Facebook tests new retail section <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p><span style="line-height: normal;">The world&#39;s biggest social network is testing a dedicated shopping feed.</span></p><div>The idea is to make it even easier to connect Facebook&#39;s 1 billion+ users with brands and products and to make the online retail more enjoyable and relevant to mobile device users.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;A survey suggested that nearly half of people come to Facebook to actively look for products, with a majority of them discovering new products in News Feed, Pages, and Groups,&quot; said Facebook in a Monday blogpost announcing the trial.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>As well as pulling products and services from disparate parts of the platform into a single location, the new features currently being tested will include a &quot;buy&quot; button that will enable Facebook users on mobile and desktop interfaces to make a purchase without exiting the social network.</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Tue, 13 Oct 2015 12:38:00 +0000 AFP 2459292 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/03/10/43/facebook.jpg Computer training may improve memory for childhood cancer survivors <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Children who receive cancer treatments may suffer thinking problems later, but using an at-home computer training program can help reduce these deficits, according to a new study.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;This is the only computerized training so far in childhood cancer survivors,&rdquo; said lead author Heather M. Conklin of St. Jude Children&rsquo;s Research Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The study included 68 survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), a blood cancer, or brain tumors, who had all survived at least one year after their cancer treatment ended. All of the children had thinking or memory problems reported by their parents.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>On average, the participants were 12 years old, and had completed cancer treatment about five years earlier. They were randomly separated into two groups, one receiving the computer training program, another put on a &ldquo;waitlist&rdquo; to serve as a comparison.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The first group was asked to complete 25 at-home sessions with the Cogmed program over five to nine weeks. These sessions, 30 to 45 minutes each, included visual-spatial games or working memory games. The children also had weekly coaching phone calls to collect feedback and offer motivation to keep using the program.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Some kids who were making slower progress took advantage of five extra sessions.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Almost 90 percent of the kids in the Cogmed group completed the program.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Ten weeks after the study began, the youngsters&rsquo; working memory, attention and processing speed increased more in the Cogmed group than in waitlist group. Parents also reported bigger reductions in their children&rsquo;s &ldquo;executive dysfunction,&rdquo; or decision-making problems, after they used Cogmed.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;We have done a great job in the last 30 years developing therapies to cure kids with cancer,&rdquo; said Donald Mabbott of The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, who was not part of the new study.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;Most cancer patients treated in childhood survive,&rdquo; but may experience lingering cognitive problems, he said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Radiation cancer treatment targets growing cells, including brain cells, which is why kids have thinking problems later, he told Reuters Health by phone.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>These computerized games tax and stretch working memory ability, asking kids to manipulate an object and hold it in their working memory, training the brain, Mabbott said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;By getting the neurons in the brain to fire, we can foster growth of new white matter cells,&rdquo; he said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The kids in the computer program group had functional magnetic resonance imaging scans of their brains taken while completing a memory task before and after the intervention. After the study, they appeared to have reduced activation in the language areas of the brain.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>That&rsquo;s because after using the computer program, their memory processing was &ldquo;more efficient,&rdquo; Conklin said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Cancer survivors with attention or memory problems can also take stimulant medications like Ritalin or attend in-person sessions with a therapist, which confer some benefit as well, but drugs can have side effects, and some patients cannot take them, and therapy sessions require traveling to a specific facility, Conklin said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;Most childhood cancer survivors don&rsquo;t live near somewhere that offers it,&rdquo; she said. &ldquo;Computerized programs are a really nice alternative.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Cogmed is commercially available for adults with brain injury or children with attention-deficit disorder, but had not been used with childhood cancer survivors, Conklin said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;If you are noticing problems in your child, take them to a psychologist or neuropsychologist and have them evaluated,&rdquo; she said. If they are struggling with attention or working memory, Cogmed may help, but it is not covered by insurance and costs between US$1,000 and $1,500 for the training program and coaching sessions, she said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;It&rsquo;s up to the family in terms if whether they have the financial resources to pursue it,&rdquo; Conklin said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It&rsquo;s not yet clear when the optimal time might be to start computerized &ldquo;brain-training&rdquo; interventions, but pending future study it is possible the program could confer some benefit as soon as cancer treatment ends, or even five to 10 years later, Mabbott said.</div> Tue, 13 Oct 2015 10:40:00 +0000 Reuters 2459267 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/10/13/501184/children_with_cancer.jpg 'Abu Simbel 50' campaign part of golden jubilee celebration to save Nubian monuments <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>The &quot;Abu Simbel 50&quot; campaign is the first part of the golden jubilee&nbsp;celebration aimed at saving monuments in Nubia, said Antiquities Minister Mamdouh al-Damaty.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The rescue process is ongoing and is scheduled to end in 2018, he added.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>He expects the celebration to play a major role in promoting tourism in Egypt.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The Abu Simbel campaign will end on October 22, according to the minister.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Several events will take place during this time, including a simulation of the lifting of King Ramses II&#39;s face on October 21 at the pharaoh&#39;s temple in Luxor, in conjunction with the sun alignment&nbsp;phenomenon on his face.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A symposium for artists, under the title &quot;Abu Simbel in the eyes of artists&quot;, will be held for one week as part of the campaign.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Abu Simbel 50&quot; was launched on Saturday by Damaty in coordination with the culture and tourism ministers.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm&nbsp;</em></div> Mon, 12 Oct 2015 14:34:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2459246 at sites/default/files/photo/2014/02/22/94/abu_simbel_solar_phemomenon_2.jpg Minister to inaugurate Egyptian antiquities exhibition in Japan Thursday <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Antiquities Minister Mamdouh al-Damaty will inaugurate an Egyptian antiquities exhibition Thursday evening,&nbsp;which will be held in the Japanese capital of Tokyo under the title &quot;The Era of the Pyramid Builders.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The exhibition will be pass through eight Japanese cities over a period of 25 months and will feature 120 artifacts of the treasures of the Old Kingdom.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The revenue of the exhibition is estimated at US$2 million, said Damati, adding that the antiquities exhibitions held abroad contribute to promoting tourism to Egypt.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The exhibition is the second to be launched abroad by the ministry after the revolution of January 25, said head of the museums sector Elham Salah.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>She pointed out that the insurance value of the exhibition is estimated at about $138 million and 570 thousand.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm&nbsp;</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Mon, 12 Oct 2015 13:52:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2459231 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/09/07/499612/egyptian_sunken_antiquities_exhibition.jpg