Egypt Independent: Science-Main news http://www.egyptindependent.com//enhome_channel/Environment/rss.xml en First baby with Zika-related birth defect born in New York City http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2471350 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2016/07/25/505021/ny_public_health.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p><span id="articleText"><span class="focusParagraph"><span class="articleLocatio&lt;/span&gt;n">New York City has reported its first case of a baby born with the birth defect microcephaly related to exposure to the Zika virus, health officials said on Friday.</span></span></span></p><p><span id="articleText">New York City Department of Health officials said the baby&#39;s mother was infected after traveling to an area with ongoing Zika transmission. They declined to provide further details about the mother or child.</span></p><p><span id="articleText">So far, the city has reported 346 cases of Zika infections, all related to travel. Of these, four have been linked to sexual transmission, including the first case ever of a woman transmitting the virus to a male partner.</span></p><p><span id="articleText">US health officials have concluded that Zika infections in pregnant women can cause microcephaly, a birth defect marked by small head size that can lead to severe developmental problems in babies. </span></p><p><span id="articleText">According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there have now been 12 confirmed cases of babies born with microcephaly in the United States, and more than 400 pregnant woman in the continental US have evidence of Zika infection.</span></p><p><span id="articleText">Health officials in Florida have been working with the CDC to determine if Zika has arrived in the United States after two residents who have not traveled to areas infected with Zika tested positive for the mosquito-borne virus. </span></p><p><span id="articleText">The connection between Zika and microcephaly first came to light last fall in Brazil, which has now confirmed more than 1,600 cases of microcephaly that it considers to be related to Zika infections in the mothers.</span></p><p><span id="articleText">So far, 1,404 people in 46 US states have contracted Zika, including 15 cases that were sexually acquired. CDC is also investigating one possible case of person-to-person transmission of Zika in Utah.</span></p> Mon, 25 Jul 2016 12:43:00 +0000 Reuters 2471350 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2016/07/25/505021/ny_public_health.jpg Pokémon Go dating app launched in the US http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2471296 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2016/07/23/501184/pokemon_go_dating_app.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>US dating company Project Fixup has launched a Pokémon Go match-making service, offering gamers the opportunity to find love while catching Pokémon on the wildly popular app.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The app, spotted by Business Insider, is titled PokéDates and aims to set up prospective partners by matching single Pokémon Go players together after they have answered a few questions to the PokéDates matchmaking team, then sending them on pre-arranged Pokémon hunting dates through their city.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The service coordinates the entire Pokémon Go date, from selecting the match to finding a time based on members&#39; provided availability, and selecting the most convenient PokéStop or PokéGym to meet up at.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>While PokéDates will initially only be available in the US, the app had reportedly already clocked up 2,200 new signups, with 10-15 new ones occurring every minute, within a few hours of being launched live.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Project Fixup has hinted that wider roll out could take place in coming weeks and months if the service proves popular.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sat, 23 Jul 2016 10:27:00 +0000 AFP 2471296 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2016/07/23/501184/pokemon_go_dating_app.jpg Max amount of time you can sit before harming your heart: study http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2471294 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2016/07/23/501184/office_time.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Although many previous studies have shown that too much sedentary time increases the risk of a variety of diseases, including type 2 diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure, as well as contributing to an increase in waist measurement and an increased mortality risk, until now there was no number attached to the amount of time an individual could be sedentary for before it begins to have a negative effect on health.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>To look at an association between the number of sedentary hours and the risk of cardiovascular disease, a team of researchers from several institutions throughout the USA analyzed data from the EMBASE and MEDLINE databases.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The data spanned an 11-year period and 720,425 participants in total who together had a mean age of 54.5 years. Researchers also included lying down in their definition of sedentary time.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>From their analysis the team found that sitting for 10 hours a day was the number of hours of sedentary time at which an increased risk of cardiac problems becomes noticeable.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Although the number may sound high, the team believe it is probably easily achieved by most people. Office workers, for example, may sit down at work for seven to eight hours a day, sitting down for an hour at lunch, and then are very possibly sitting down again while commuting to and from work. And when many people arrive home they then sit again, to eat dinner or partake in activities such as browsing the internet or watching TV.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The team also found that those in the highest sedentary time category of 12.5 hours on average a day were 14 percent more likely to experience heart problems than those who sat for just 2.5 hours on average each day.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>However no increased risk was found for those who were in the intermediate level of sedentary time category, classed as 7.5 hours a day, with the team concluding that the increased risk of cardiovascular problems is only seen at higher levels of sedentary time from 10 hours a day and upwards.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Although the researchers suggest that for office workers it is possible to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease by using equipment that encourages more standing and physical activity, such as stand-up work stations, it is still not known whether exercise in between prolonged periods of sitting offsets the health risks of sedentary time.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The findings can be found online in the journal, JAMA Cardiology.</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sat, 23 Jul 2016 10:26:00 +0000 AFP 2471294 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2016/07/23/501184/office_time.jpg Zika found in common house mosquitoes in Brazil http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2471280 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2016/02/15/504802/zika_mosquito.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Researchers in Brazil announced Thursday the &quot;presence of the Zika virus&quot; in Culex mosquitoes (the common house mosquito) in the eastern city of Recife. These findings were released with a word of caution, saying &quot;the obtained data will require additional studies in order to assess the potential participation of Culex in the spread of Zika and its role in the epidemic.&quot;<br /><br />Researchers collected 500 mosquitoes and found the virus in three pools of mosquitoes. Each pool contains between one and ten mosquitoes. The presence of the virus in these mosquitoes does not mean they can transmit the virus.<br /><br />Before this study was completed by the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz), Zika was thought to solely by carried by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Culex mosquitoes are &quot;twenty times greater than the population of Aedes Aegypti&quot; in the Recife metropolitan area, according to the study.<br /><br />Tom Skinner, U. S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention&#39;s Senior Press Officer told CNN Thursday in response to the study&#39;s findings, &quot;the study would need to be replicated to have a better understanding of possible implications. Body of scientific evidence to date clearly points to Aedes being the primary vector implicated in Zika outbreaks.&quot;<br /><br />There are many different types of Culex mosquitoes. This study found the virus in Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes. A U.S. study published earlier this week in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases, found a different type of Culex mosquito was not capable to transmitting the Zika virus in a lab setting.<br /><br />They concluded that this type of mosquito is unlikely to transmit the virus in the U.S. New knowledge about the Zika virus is being discovered on a daily basis but this research seems in line with what&#39;s known, which is that the main vector is the Aedes mosquito.<br /><br />The virus has been spreading across the Americas since last year. The World Health Organization declared a public health emergency of international concern in February. Since then, researchers have found the virus can cause a devastating birth defect, called microcephaly, in babies born to mother&#39;s who were infected with the virus during pregnancy.</p> Fri, 22 Jul 2016 13:37:00 +0000 CNN 2471280 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2016/02/15/504802/zika_mosquito.jpg