Egypt Independent: Science-Main news en New archaeological discovery in Luxor to be announced Thursday <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Antiquities Minister Mamdouh el-Damati will announce a new archaeological discovery on Luxor&#39;s west bank Thursday. He will also open the TT 110 tomb&nbsp;after it is completely restored.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Mostafa Waziry, general manager of Luxor&#39;s antiquities, said tomb TT 110 dates back to the 18th dynasty. &ldquo;It was built for Djehuty, a senior statesman under Queen Hatshepsut and Tuthmosis III,&rdquo; he explained, adding that the tomb was restored by the American ARCE Research Center.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>He also said that tests will continue in Tutankhamun&#39;s tomb to search for a hidden chamber behind the walls.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div> Tue, 24 Nov 2015 14:47:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2462136 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/09/29/94/antiquities_minister_mamdouh_al-damaty_checks_on_renovations_at_the_horemheb_tomb_in_luxor.jpg Global carbon pricing off menu at Paris climate talks <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Climate experts say the need to agree on a global carbon price to cut pollution and aid clean technologies is a no-brainer, and yet the topic will have no place at the upcoming Paris climate talks.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>World leaders, captains of industry, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank had all expressed hope that the Paris meeting would welcome the idea.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The city will host beginning next week a gathering of nearly 140 world leaders to spearhead a climate pact tasked with keeping Earth liveable for humanity.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But despite a myriad carbon pricing schemes having been experimented with across the world and plenty of big-name support behind the idea, the Paris gathering will not address putting a global price on pollution.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;A widening and harmonization of the carbon market are not on the official program of the conference,&quot; French President Francois Hollande told the French L&#39;Express magazine in remarks published Tuesday.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The idea of a setting a price for the cost of carbon is to encourage polluters to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases they emit by making them pay the bill and focus on the need to develop and invest in green technology.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Frederic Dinguirard, from The Shift Project think-tank, wants to see &quot;the creation of a &#39;signal-price&#39; which triggers a decision to invest long-term, as these are the investments which are necessary to make the transition to a low carbon society&quot;.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The Global Commission on the Economy and Climate, an independent initiative on how the global economy can meet green challenges that is co-chaired by Mexican former president Felipe Calderon and economist Nicholas Stern, recommends that &quot;governments introduce a strong, predictable and rising carbon price.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The body says carbon pricing is &quot;a particularly efficient way to advance climate and fiscal goals&quot; as a means of &quot;helping to guide consumption choices and investments towards low-carbon and away from carbon-intensive activities. It also sees the recent fall in oil prices as &quot;an opportunity to advance carbon pricing and fossil fuel subsidy reform.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Twenty managers&#39; organizations from around the world, including Business Europe, recently wrote to UN climate chief Christiana Figueres stressing the importance of a carbon market being created as part of accords stemming from the Paris conference.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;The development of a global carbon market will help stimulate investments in innovative technologies, installations and products to be made in locations where they deliver the greatest possible climate benefits at the lowest economic cost,&quot; wrote Business Europe, which urged &quot;the setting of a global level playing field to ensure a fair comparison.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Key to judging success</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But despite their efforts, the issue will not feature in Cop 21 talks, to the chagrin of Brice Lalonde, UN special advisor and a former French environment minister.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;(This) illustrates perfectly the rather abstract side of the negotiations and the world inhabited by diplomats as compared to the world&#39;s economic reality,&quot; says Lalonde.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Hollande said carbon pricing could win a mention in an international Paris agreement.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;I still have hope that the heads of state and government express its utility in their final declaration,&quot; he told L&#39;Express.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But Lalonde said this is somewhat unlikely given that &quot;the petrol producing or coal producing nations don&#39;t want it as it will render their development more expensive.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>To date, some 40 nations and 23 cities have already introduced or scheduled the introduction of carbon pricing, covering around 12 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, according to World Bank figures.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;So things are evolving -- but not quickly enough to have a real impact on economic models,&quot; complains Pascal Canfin of the World Resources Institute in his guide to the issues facing Paris participants.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Europe did bring in an emissions trading scheme a decade ago but with its surplus of allowances, coupled with low pricing, has not sparked the desired low-carbon investment decisions.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Canfin says: &quot;The price of carbon is an issue where international cooperation allows acceleration of national action. The results of Paris on this point will thus be a key element our in judging the success or otherwise of the climate summit.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Lalonde meanwhile says the price level needs to be sufficiently high to &quot;dissuade&quot; firms from cleaving to the high-carbon path as well as pushing other green measures such as ending subsidies for fossil fuel.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Dinguirard says an &quot;arsenal&quot; of measures is required to cut carbon emissions, comprising &quot;all kinds of constraints, incentives&quot; -- measures which would cement awareness of the global warming issue.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A brief look at several methods of applying carbon pricing:</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Carbon tax</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A monetary levy added to a product&#39;s sale price on the basis of the volume of greenhouse gases emitted in its production and use.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Several European countries and Mexico have introduced such a tax. The IMF recently said it favoured the option as the &quot;best&quot; solution despite reticence in the business world.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Emissions norm</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A legally fixed standard determining the limit of greenhouse gas emissions allowed for the production of a good or a technology.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Carbon market or exchange quota system</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>This is a more flexible mechanism which fixes emissions reduction obligations and allows firms or countries to trade quotas, buying or selling depending on whether they have surpassed or remain inside set emissions limits.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>This is the system currently in use in the European Union, California and New Zealand. China, the largest emitter of greenhouse gases, says it will adopt this system in 2017.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Project-based emissions mechanisms</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>These mechanisms do not directly fix the price of carbon but are complementary. They are designed to compensate, on a voluntary or statutory basis, greenhouse gas emissions via the financing of projects aimed at emissions abatement.</div> Tue, 24 Nov 2015 12:18:00 +0000 AFP 2462115 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/11/08/501010/pollution.jpg Climate change root cause of Syrian war: Britain's Prince Charles <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Britain&#39;s Prince Charles has pointed to the world&#39;s failure to tackle climate change as a root cause of the civil war in Syria, terrorism and the consequent refugee crisis engulfing Europe.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The heir to the British throne is due to give a keynote speech at the opening of a global climate summit in Paris next week where 118 leaders will gather to try to nail down a deal to limit rising greenhouse gas emissions.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The prince said in an interview with Sky News, to be aired on Monday and recorded before the November 13 attacks in Paris, that such symptoms were a &quot;classic case of not dealing with the problem&quot;.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Some of us were saying 20 something years ago that if we didn&#39;t tackle these issues, you would see ever greater conflict over scarce resources and ever greater difficulties over drought, and the accumulating effect of climate change which means that people have to move,&quot; he said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;And in fact there&#39;s very good evidence indeed that one of the major reasons for this horror in Syria, funnily enough, was a drought that lasted for about five or six years, which meant that huge numbers of people in the end had to leave the land but increasingly they came into the cities.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Britain&#39;s royal family is expected to stay out of politics, and the 67-year-old prince has faced accusations of meddling in the past when he has spoken out about climate change and sustainability.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Asked in the interview, which Sky said was filmed three weeks ago, whether there was direct link between climate change, conflict and terrorism, Charles said: &quot;Absolutely.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;We never deal with the underlying root cause which regrettably is what we&#39;re doing to our natural environment,&quot; he said, noting that far greater problems lay ahead if climate change was not addressed immediately.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Even in a time of austerity, the world could not afford not to act, he said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;I mean the difficulties in 2008 with the financial crash - that was a banking crisis. But we&#39;re now facing a real possibility of nature&#39;s bank going bust,&quot; he said.</div> Tue, 24 Nov 2015 11:57:00 +0000 Reuters 2462118 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/11/24/501010/charles.jpg Middle Kingdom wall unearthed in Sharqiya <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>A huge wall, probably dating back to the Middle Kingdom (before 1400 BC), was discovered at Tel al-Dabaa (Avaris) in Sharqiya, the Antiquities Ministry&nbsp;said in a statement on Tuesday.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Minister Mamdouh al-Damati said the wall could be that of a yet-undiscovered ancient city. He explained that the discovery came during excavations by the Austrian Archaeological Institute.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;The discovery will largely contribute to unveiling one of Ancient Egypt&rsquo;s most important periods: the second transition and the Hyksos invasion of Egypt since Tel al-Dabaa was Egypt&rsquo;s capital at that time,&rdquo; said the minister, who explained that the region still needed further research as most of its features are buried under farmlands.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Mahmoud Afifi, head of the ministry&rsquo;s department for Egyptian antiquities, said the sandstone-made wall probably represents an ancient port, adding that it extends over 500 meters with a 7-meter width.</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Tue, 24 Nov 2015 11:17:00 +0000 Egypt Independent 2462106 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/11/24/94/a_wall_probbly_belonging_to_ancient_egypts_middle_kingdom_unearthed_in_sharqiya.jpg