Egypt Independent: Science-Main news http://www.egyptindependent.com//enhome_channel/Environment/rss.xml en Germany blocks WhatsApp data transfers to Facebook http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2473020 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2014/05/07/484151/whatsapp.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>German data protection authorities on Tuesday said they had blocked Facebook from collecting subscriber data from its subsidiary WhatsApp, citing privacy concerns.<br /><br />Facebook and WhatsApp promised in the wake of the Silicon Valley giant&#39;s 2014 acquisition of the messaging app that they would not share data, Hamburg&#39;s Commissioner for Data Protection and Freedom of Information Johannes Caspar recalled in a statement.<br /><br />He added that Facebook would be required to delete any data already received from WhatsApp in Germany.<br /><br />&quot;It has to be (the users&#39;) decision whether they want to connect their account with Facebook,&quot; Caspar said. &quot;Facebook has to ask for their permission in advance.&quot;<br /><br />WhatsApp announced in August that it would begin sharing data with Facebook, in a bid to allow better targeted advertising and fight spam on the platform.<br /><br />Currently, users of the instant messenger must opt out of sending information to Facebook through WhatsApp&#39;s settings on their smartphone.<br /><br />Caspar said that he had acted to protect the privacy of 35 million WhatsApp users in Germany -- a fraction of some one billion worldwide -- and that of people saved in their address books, whose details might also be forwarded under the data-sharing arrangement.<br /><br />Facebook&#39;s activities in German-speaking regions are managed through its subsidiary in Hamburg, placing the firm under the jurisdiction of the regulator in the northern port city.<br /><br />Spokespeople for Facebook could not immediately be reached for comment on the ruling.<br /><br />WhatsApp&#39;s announcement that it would share information with Facebook came just four months after the service introduced end-to-end encryption by default, saying that the content of messages would become unreadable for anyone except the sender and receiver.<br /><br />In mid-September, the European Commission recommended tighter privacy and security requirements for services including WhatsApp and Microsoft-owned video calling service Skype, saying they should be regulated more like traditional telecoms.<br /><br />Subjecting the internet firms to such rules could force them to offer emergency calling services and to obey stricter privacy rules.</p> Tue, 27 Sep 2016 13:09:00 +0000 AFP 2473020 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2014/05/07/484151/whatsapp.jpg Watch out for these heart attack signs in women http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2473019 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2016/09/27/39/heartattacks.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Some heart attack symptoms can be more vague and subtle in women than they are in men. Often mistaken for anxiety attacks, the signs are harder to spot and often lead to later diagnosis and treatment. With heart attacks in women under 50 on the rise, specialists are keen to raise awareness about symptoms that shouldn&#39;t be overlooked, such as breathing difficulties and nausea. The advice comes ahead of World Heart Day, September 29.<br /><br />More than 60 percent of heart attacks in women under 60 are linked to smoking. The risk is further heightened for smokers -- especially those over the age of 35 -- who also take a combined oral contraceptive pill containing the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Heart attacks in women under 50 have tripled in the last 15 years. Here are some of the warning signs that often go unnoticed.<br /><br /><strong>Don&#39;t assume you&#39;ll have chest pains</strong><br /><br />&quot;The chest pains that spread to the left arm and jaw, which are typical in men, are absent in women in around 40 percent of cases,&quot; explains the president of the French Federation of Cardiology. In women, these can be replaced by other signs such as nausea, heart palpitations during physical exertion, shortness of breath, pain in the middle of the back and unusual levels of fatigue. When chest pains do occur in women, they&#39;re more likely to be felt in the side and they aren&#39;t necessarily linked to exertion. Generally speaking, for men over 40 and women over 50, specialists recommend seeing a cardiologist or general practitioner as soon as chest pains are experienced with exertion.<br /><br /><strong>Unusual difficulty in breathing</strong><br />&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;<br />From anxiety attacks to smoking and asthma, shortness of breath can have many causes, which is why we don&#39;t always consider it a serious symptom. &quot;The important thing is to note if the discomfort is new,&quot; explains sports cardiologist Dr Uzan, such as after running one and a half miles rather than your usual six, or climbing three flights of stairs that usually pose no problem. The specialist also suggests taking heed of remarks from friends and family, which can help flag up recent changes (e.g., &quot;Keep up! You&#39;ve got slow these days,&quot; &quot;You didn&#39;t breathe like that before&quot; etc.). Breathing difficulties when resting are also a warning sign.<br /><br /><strong>Don&#39;t ignore palpitations</strong><br /><br />Although heart palpitations are benign most of the time, they&#39;re definitely worth keeping an eye on. These feelings of missed heartbeats or fast thumping (tachycardia) can be a telltale sign of heart disease. They are never normal when experienced with exertion, explains Dr Uzan. You should also see a doctor if your heartbeat is irregular and note the context in which it occurs (mealtimes, strong emotions, physical exertion, etc.).<br /><br /><strong>Dizziness, nausea, fainting</strong><br /><br />Episodes of fainting or faintness associated with dizzy spells, vomiting, nausea, or loss of consciousness can be linked to heart-attack risks. &quot;Regular&quot; fainting -- called vasovagal syncope -- caused by low blood sugar levels or strong emotions, for example, can usually be felt approaching with symptoms such as sweating and nausea. Fainting episodes linked to the heart come with no warning signs.<br /><br />Note that persistent digestive problems and unusual feelings of fatigue are symptoms which cardiologists also recommend following up with a doctor.</p> Tue, 27 Sep 2016 13:07:00 +0000 AFP 2473019 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2016/09/27/39/heartattacks.jpg Archaeologists discover new temple for Ramses II in Matariya http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2473021 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2016/09/27/505446/large_blocks_with_carvings_depicting_king_ramses_ii_in_matariya.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p dir="LTR"><span style="font-size: 1em;">The Egyptian-German Archaeological Mission at the Matariya archaeological site has discovered new finds that point to a temple of Kng Ramses II, the Egyptian Antiquities Ministry said on Tuesday. &nbsp;</span></p><p dir="LTR">Mahmud Afifi, the head of the Ancient Egyptian sector at the ministry, said in the statement that the new finds were uncovered about 450 meters to the west of the obelisk of King Senusret I in Matariya.</p><p dir="LTR">The mission stumbled upon a number of blocks from the temple courtyards and fragments of the temple statuary.</p><p dir="LTR"><span style="font-size: 1em;">The mission also found a group of large blocks with carvings depicting King Ramses II anointing a divinity. His name is rendered by a rather rare variant &ldquo;Paramessu&rdquo;, Afifi added.</span><br />&nbsp;</p><p dir="LTR"><span style="font-size: 1em;"><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/ei/14484713_1191895157522799_3100319722421488482_n.jpg" style="width: 336px; height: 600px;" /></span></p><p dir="LTR">Ayman Ashmawi, co-director of the mission, said that the recent finds were part of the decoration of the innermost rooms of the temple. Further groups of relief fragments attest to king Ramses II as builder of this temple.</p><p dir="LTR">&quot;It confirms the hypothesis that Ramses II showed special interest in Heliopolis in the later decades of his long reign of almost 70 years,&quot; Ashmawi added.</p><p dir="LTR">In addition, Dr. Dietrich Raue, co-director of the mission, said excavations in the area revealed houses and workshops of a mid-Ptolemaic stratum, and these are currently under excavation.<br /><br />Among other finds in the area are amulets and metal tools<span dir="RTL">.</span></p><p dir="LTR"><span dir="RTL"><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/ei/14494623_1191895404189441_3993773928818327544_n.jpg" style="width: 336px; height: 505px;" /></span></p><p dir="LTR"><span dir="RTL"><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/ei/14519665_1191895110856137_2880884614542859767_n.jpg" style="width: 336px; height: 600px;" /></span></p> Tue, 27 Sep 2016 13:06:00 +0000 Egypt Independent 2473021 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2016/09/27/505446/large_blocks_with_carvings_depicting_king_ramses_ii_in_matariya.jpg PHOTOS: Egyptian Museum launches 'piece of the month' poll for 6th October http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2473004 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2014/05/08/484151/image.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p><span style="font-size: 1em;">The Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square, Cairo, has created a new online poll by which ancient-history enthusiasts can select their favourite artifact relating to Egypt&#39;s ancient wars from among nine proposed by the museum&#39;s staff.</span></p><p>The winning object will be placed on display at the museum&#39;s entrance throughout the month of October to commemorate Egypt&#39;s victory of the 6th of October War.<br /><br />The propsed artifacts, which are listed on the Facebook page of the Antiquities Ministry, are all related to the wars fought by Egypt in ancient times, including details of the weapons used.<br /><br />&quot;The artifacts belong to different historical eras and are made of different materials,&quot; said Sabah Abdel Razek, director general of the Egyptian Museum.<br /><br />&quot;Some are panels bearing inscriptions that represent war scenes and others are statues of the most important Egyptian army leaders as well as military equipment,&quot; she added.</p><p>&quot;One of the most beautiful of these selected pieces is a wood panel that dates back to the era of the 11th Dynasty and represents a group of Egyptian archers. It was discovered inside the Prince Mesehti cemetery in Assiut,&quot; said Abdel Razek.</p><p><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/ei/14469463_1191135970932051_4559521672849007074_n.jpg" style="width: 429px; height: 340px;" /><br /><em>A model representing a troop of Egyptian lancers from the tomb of Prince Mesehti&nbsp;<br />Asyut, Tomb of Mesehti.</em><br /><br /><br /><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/ei/14495234_1191136147598700_2990329090152603143_n_1.jpg" style="width: 233px; height: 416px;" /><br /><em>Statue of the Theban General Antef, chief general of King Mentuhotep II, seated and wearing a wig.</em></p><p><br />Another statue is made of colored sandstone and belongs to one of the military commanders under King Mentuhotep II of the Eleventh Dynasty.</p><p>There is also a statue made of alabaster that represents King Thutmose III, one of the most important military commanders in Egypt in the 18th Dynasty, who created the largest empire that ancient Egypt had ever seen.<br />&nbsp;</p><p style="font-size: 14px;"><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/ei/14462859_1191135954265386_2871386044031004133_n_1.jpg" style="width: 245px; height: 418px;" /><br /><em style="font-size: 1em;">Statue of King Tuthmosis III, who created the largest empire ancient Egypt had ever seen. he conducted approximately seventeen campaigns . The king is kneeling offering Nw vessels and wearing the Nemes with the ureaus.</em></p><p><br />Also featured is a shield of gilded wood of King Tutankhamun depicting the young king holding a sword with one hand and holding two lions by their tails with his other hand.&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/ei/14462728_1191136167598698_3895837989777262044_n.jpg" style="width: 452px; height: 537px;" /></p><p><em>One of eight shields of King Tutankhamun, which were among the military equipment found in his tomb, shown with a winged sun disk curving round the top, protecting the king who is shown with a scimitar in one hand and holding two lions by their tails in the other. The lions symbolize the enemies of Egypt. Behind him, the vulture goddess, Nekhbet, spreads out her wings to protect the king.</em></p><p><br />Museuem enthusiasts can also vote for a carved head of Nakhtmin and a statue of Nakhtmin and his wife Tiy seated, with an offering table in front of them. Nakhtmin was the heir to the throne during the reign of King Ay. He is identified as the son-in-law of King Ay.&nbsp;<br />&nbsp;</p><p><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/ei/14502739_1191136364265345_7640210775671105375_n.jpg" style="width: 402px; height: 599px;" /><br /><em>A statue of Nakhtmin and his wife Tiy seated</em><br /><br /><br />Two limestone ostracons from the 19th and 20th Dynasties are also included. One shows king Ramses IV on his chariot catching Syrian and negro captives, with a lion attacking another Syrian captive. The second depicts King Ramses IX with two prisoners. Beside him is the god Amun.</p><p><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/ei/14494811_1191136457598669_3198950029550670355_n.jpg" style="width: 460px; height: 301px;" /><br /><em>Ostracon of Ramses IV on his chariot catching Syrian and negro captives; with a lion attacking another Syrian captive. On the back depicted with a bull.</em></p><p><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/ei/14390704_1191136464265335_5814520360774641476_n_0.jpg" style="width: 536px; height: 301px;" /><br /><em>Ostracon depicted with King Ramses IX in tensed two prisoners with spear. Beside him the god Amun holds out a falcon and gives him an Ankh and Was scepter for supporting him.</em><br /><br />&nbsp;</p><p>Several examples of currency from the Greco-Roman era are also included in the poll. Among them are coins bearing representations of victory and the images showing the courage of the army.</p><p><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/ei/14479721_1191136574265324_2874271605864548305_n.jpg" style="width: 307px; height: 286px;" /></p><p><img alt="" src="/sites/default/files/ei/14484590_1191136704265311_1692714992615465593_n.jpg" style="width: 308px; height: 286px;" /></p><p>The Egyptian Museum frequently holds online polls of this sort, allowing followers of the museum&#39;s activities and other Egyptology enthusiasts to vote on their favorite objects.<br /><br />&nbsp;</p> Tue, 27 Sep 2016 09:31:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm,Egypt Independent 2473004 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2014/05/08/484151/image.jpg