Egypt Independent: Living-Main news en 2.5 hours of exercise per week can slow decline in Parkinson’s disease <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>A new study has found Parkinson&rsquo;s patients who do 2.5 hours, or 150 minutes, of exercise a week can slow down the effects of the condition.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Parkinson&rsquo;s disease (PD) is a progressive condition that often results in impaired mobility, a decrease in health-related quality of life (HRQL) and death.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Previous research has also provided evidence that physical activity can delay this progressive decline.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The new study, carried out by Northwestern University and Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, looked at 3,408 participants who had provided data over a two-year period, with information collected during at least three clinic visits.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>At each visit the team measured physical activity by patients&rsquo; self-reports on how many hours of exercise they did each week.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The results showed that those with Parkinson&rsquo;s disease who partook in 150 minutes of exercise each week had a smaller decline in quality of life and mobility over the two years compared to those who didn&rsquo;t exercise or exercised less.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In addition, declines in HRQL and mobility were significantly slower not only for those who exercised regularly at the start of the study, but also for those who started to exercise later, after their first study-related visit.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;The most important part of the study is that it suggests that people who are not currently achieving recommended levels of exercise could start to exercise today to lessen the declines in quality of life and mobility that can occur with this progressive disease,&rdquo; added lead investigator Miriam R. Rafferty.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The team also found that increasing exercise by 30 minutes per week was associated with even slower declines in HRQL in those with advanced PD.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The team now believe that these findings could have significant implications for making exercise and physical activity more accessible to people with more severe disability, as the mobility impairments of those with advanced PD may limit their access to regular exercise in community and group exercise programs.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Although the study did not look at which type of physical activity is best, it does suggest that any form of exercise is better than no exercise as long as it is done in a &ldquo;dose&rdquo; of at least 150 minutes per week.</div><div>&ldquo;People with PD should feel empowered to find the type of exercise they enjoy, even those with more advanced symptoms,&rdquo; added Dr. Rafferty.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The results of the study can be found published in the Journal of Parkinson&rsquo;s Disease.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sat, 25 Mar 2017 15:37:00 +0000 AFP 2477482 at sites/default/files/photo/2014/10/20/484151/fitness.jpg Is it a myth that all couples fight? <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>The other day, I was idling in traffic when I happened to glance in my rear view mirror. Although I couldn&rsquo;t hear anything, I could tell the couple in the car behind me were having an argument.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The man was looking straight ahead, with his hands gripping the steering wheel, a shell-shocked expression on his face. The woman sitting next to him was talking so fast, it was as if someone had pressed a remote control button and put her on fast-forward.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>When you&rsquo;re at home, you might bite your tongue and try to avoid loud arguments as much as possible, because you don&rsquo;t want to upset your children, or give your mother-in-law a reason to say, &ldquo;I told you so!&rdquo; to your spouse. Or maybe you don&rsquo;t want your next-door neighbour to have anything to gossip about.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But once you&rsquo;re in your car, you might be more inclined to give full vent to your grievances, simply because no one is around to hear you.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>I once had an argument with my now ex-husband while I was driving along Penang&rsquo;s busy Penang Road. A cockroach had just introduced itself to me by crawling up my leg, causing me to swerve the car a little. My ex berated me for over-reacting and putting us and other drivers at risk.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;Over-reacting? You think I&rsquo;m over-reacting?&rdquo; I said, not bothering to keep my voice under control.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;It&rsquo;s dangerous to over-react when you&rsquo;re driving,&rdquo; he said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It was as if my so-called over-reacting was something I could control; something I chose to do.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;You haven&rsquo;t seen me over-react yet,&rdquo; I said, &ldquo;but if you&rsquo;re accusing me of over-reacting, I might as well give you something to really complain about.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>With that, I stopped the car (traffic was crawling along at this stage), got out in the middle of three lanes of traffic, and left my husband and the cockroach to get on with it.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>I then took a taxi home.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The problem with beginning an argument in your car is that you might reach your destination with some argument still left in you. But when I returned home that day, nothing more was said about the incident. We had both said what we&rsquo;d wanted to say and there was no point revisiting an argument that had already served its purpose.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But things could have been different. Just say you and your wife (or husband) have been invited for dinner at a friend&rsquo;s house. On the way there, an innocent conversation turns into a full-blown argument.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>When you arrive at your destination, your beloved might decide that she isn&rsquo;t done arguing with you, so unbeknown to you, she presses the pause button on the argument remote control. When she emerges from the car, she greets your host and hostess effusively.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Over dinner, she is warm and bubbly, and even laughs at your jokes, the same ones you drag out at every dinner party. She also offers to be the sober driver, allowing you to indulge in a few more drinks. You have every reason to believe that all is well in your little corner of the world.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>You have never been so wrong.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>After thanking your friends for a great evening, you slide into the passenger seat of the car, having consumed enough drinks to float the Titanic. She smiles at you in such a loving way that you can&rsquo;t help but feel special. But the minute she pulls the car away from the front of the house, she&rsquo;s got you.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Her finger releases that frozen pause button on the argument remote control.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>You know all those drinks you had that were making you feel super happy? Well, you might as well not have had them, because you&rsquo;ve been catapulted back into Soberland.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>There&rsquo;s no escape. No seeking refuge in another room, no mentioning that the children might hear, no going outdoors to mow the lawn. The only thing you can hope for is that she will have finished before you get home, because if she&rsquo;s not done, you know what&rsquo;s going to happen. That pause button will be pressed again. And that argument can be on pause for hours, days, even weeks and months.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Then one day, when you are feeling relaxed and happy, when the birds are chirping and you start to think that all is well in your little corner of the world again, something will happen to remind her that the pause button is still on. It could be something as simple as you walking all over the freshly mopped kitchen floor in your gardening boots, or eating the last piece of cheesecake that she&rsquo;d been saving for a girlfriend, or forgetting to return the toilet seat to the down position.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>And if there is nothing there when she hits that play button, she can always replay one of her favourites.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sat, 25 Mar 2017 15:20:00 +0000 AFP 2477489 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/11/27/43/20151125_afp_couple_marriage_divorce_argument_relationship_husband_wife_620_438_100.jpg Tours for architecture geeks <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Are you the type of traveller who can rhyme off the era and style of the buildings you see? Who makes a game out of matching buildings with their designers? A new travel programme launched by the American Institute of Architects may appeal to you.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Dubbed Architectural Adventures, the program is led by experts in cities around the world that are rich in architectural history like Barcelona, Chicago, London, Prague, Vienna, Havana, Beijing and Shanghai.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Small group tours are led by historians, professors, working architects and scholars who have been enlisted to provide in-depth insight into a landmark&rsquo;s significance.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>For guests, that means travelling with like-minded travellers who are equally interested in the architectural detail of a stunning 18th-century door with no eye-roll from fellow tourists in a generic walking tour or blank looks from student tour guides.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Kicking off the programme is a six-day, US$5,300 (RM23,627) tour of Havana this March led by Marilys Nepomechie, a professor of architecture at Florida International University.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Highlights of the tour include Havana&rsquo;s largest square, Plaza de la Revolution; Finca Vigia, Ernest Hemingway&rsquo;s home from 1939 to 1960; El Morro Castle, a 16th-century stone fortress that guards Havana Bay; and walking tours of Old Havana, a Unesco World Heritage Site. Guests stay at the five-star Hotel Parque Central in the heart of the city.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sat, 25 Mar 2017 12:43:00 +0000 AFP 2477488 at sites/default/files/photo/2016/08/12/504802/done_-_img_9120.jpg The world’s most innovative cities <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>A new ranking has named London the world&rsquo;s most innovative city, after analysing cities on their potential for creation and implementation of new ideas. In the 10th edition of Melbourne-based outfit 2thinknow&rsquo;s &ldquo;Innovation Cities Index 2016-2017,&rdquo; the British capital outperformed 500 cities on the list for the second year in a row.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;London&rsquo;s clear repeat victory indicates a strong view of innovation and focus on observation of democracy, in embracing the results of Brexit,&rdquo; said director of data Christopher Hire in a statement.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>That means demonstrating an orderly acceptance of the results and presenting their signature &ldquo;stiff upper lip&rdquo; to the unprecedented change, Hire added.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>For the index, cities are classified in four categories &ndash; nexus, hub, node and upstart.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The top-ranked cities demonstrate strong cultural assets such as designers, art galleries, museums and sports facilities, and the human infrastructure required to implement innovation, such as a strong public transportation system, universities, business, technology and venture capital.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Analysts also looked at a third category, called networked markets, which considered the city&rsquo;s location, military, and economy.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The results differ from another index that ranked the smartest cities in the world published last year, which placed Montreal at the top of the heap. Analysts cited a dynamic creative hub &ndash; think Cirque du Soleil &ndash; and a powerful gaming industry as just a few reasons for their choice.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Here are the top 10 cities on the &ldquo;Innovation Cities&rdquo; index :</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>1. London</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>2. New York</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>3. Tokyo</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>4. San Francisco</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>5. Boston</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>6. Los Angeles</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>7. Singapore</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>8. Toronto</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>9. Paris</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>10. Vienna</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sat, 25 Mar 2017 12:34:00 +0000 AFP 2477487 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/11/30/501010/london.jpg