Egypt Independent: Living-Main news en An heir and a spare: life as a royal number two <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Prince William&#39;s new baby, due later this month, will join the long line of second children born one step from the throne -- the so-called spare to the heir.</p><p>The big difference is that new laws that came to effect last month mean that if it is a girl and if William and his wife Kate have more male children, she will not be skipped over in the succession line.</p><p>Assuring the dynasty&#39;s continuity should the first line fail, the spare can often end up inheriting the throne, as has happened in recent history.</p><p>But experience shows the younger can often be more wayward and the elder more dutiful.</p><p>Here is a look at six generations of &quot;spares&quot; and the life that comes the way of a royal number two:</p><p><strong>- KING GEORGE V -</strong></p><p>King Edward VII&#39;s second son.</p><p>Born in 1865, George, who founded the House of Windsor and introduced the modern style of monarchy, was never meant to be king. His older brother prince Albert Victor dieŘ´d aged 28 in the global influenza pandemic of 1892.</p><p>Albert Victor was engaged to princess Mary of Teck, who became close to George during their shared mourning and they married the following year.</p><p>He reigned from 1910 to his death in 1936, cut ties with German royalty during World War I and sought to bring the monarchy closer to the people.</p><p><strong>- KING GEORGE VI -</strong></p><p>King George V&#39;s second son.</p><p>Like his father, the young prince Albert of York was never meant for the throne. However, his elder brother king Edward VIII abdicated months into his reign in order to marry US socialite divorcee Wallis Simpson.</p><p>Shy and with a stammer, as depicted in the Oscar-winning 2010 film &quot;The King&#39;s Speech&quot;, George nonetheless had a profound sense of duty and steadied the monarchy, steering Britain through World War II with great personal courage.</p><p>The strain of his unexpected responsibilities are thought to have affected his health and he died from a coronary thrombosis, aged 56, in 1952.</p><p><strong>- PRINCESS MARGARET -</strong></p><p>King George VI&#39;s second daughter.</p><p>While Queen Elizabeth II inherited her father&#39;s strict devotion to duty, her only sibling princess Margaret was freer to party. Born in 1930, she brought glamour to the Swinging Sixties, mixing with actors, musicians and living a bohemian lifestyle.</p><p>She wanted to marry her father&#39;s divorced equerry but eventually decided against it rather than lose her royal position. She married photographer Antony Armstrong-Jones, then had a lengthy affair with a younger gardening expert.</p><p>A smoker and drinker, her health dwindled and she suffered strokes, dying aged 71 in 2002.</p><p><strong>- PRINCE ANDREW -</strong></p><p>Queen Elizabeth II&#39;s second son.</p><p>While the no-nonsense Princess Anne is the queen&#39;s second child, Andrew overtook her in the line of succession when he arrived in 1960. He entered the navy and served in the 1982 Falklands War as a helicopter pilot.</p><p>His 1986 marriage to fun-loving Sarah Ferguson fell apart, but though divorced they remain close. His 10-year role as Britain&#39;s international trade ambassador ended in 2011 over his links with various controversial associates.</p><p>A US judge this month struck from the record allegations by a woman that she was forced into sexual relations with Andrew.</p><p>Andrew has earned the nickname &quot;Air Miles Andy&quot; over his penchant for luxury air travel and golf.</p><p><strong>- PRINCE HARRY -</strong></p><p>Prince Charles&#39;s second son.</p><p>Harry, the younger of the heir to the throne&#39;s sons with Diana, Princess of Wales, was born in 1984, two years after Prince William.</p><p>He earned a reputation as a party prince -- smoking cannabis and infamously wearing a Nazi fancy dress costume -- but has since tried to cut a more mature figure.</p><p>After 10 years in the British Army, including two tours in Afghanistan, he is currently serving in its Australian counterpart as he prepares to retire from the military.</p><p>In future, Harry is expected to focus on royal duties and rehabilitating wounded veterans, notably with his Invictus Games.</p><p><strong>- BABY CAMBRIDGE -</strong></p><p>Prince William&#39;s second child.</p><p>The new royal baby will be two years younger than William and Kate&#39;s first child, Prince George. The baby&#39;s early years will likewise probably see few public appearances and occasional picture releases.</p><p>While most attention will be on George, history shows that events can take unexpected twists for the next in line.</p> Fri, 17 Apr 2015 13:00:00 +0000 AFP 2448204 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/04/11/501184/british.jpg Remote corner of Bosnia to declare itself 'Town of Twins' <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p dir="LTR">(Reuters) - When Nedzib Vucelj&#39;s wife Emira gave birth to twins at the height of the Bosnian war, it was impossible to buy a suitable baby stroller: their hometown of Buzim was surrounded by rival armies.</p><p dir="LTR"><span id="midArticle_1">Vucelj tried to borrow from a neighbor, but they had lent theirs to another family with twins. When he came to their door, he was told it had already passed to a third family, also with twins.</span></p><p dir="LTR"><span id="midArticle_1">&quot;That&#39;s when I realized just how many twins were here,&quot; said Vucelj, a former teacher and journalist who has launched an initiative to declare Buzim the &quot;Town of Twins&quot;.</span></p><p dir="LTR"><span id="midArticle_1">Investigating the phenomenon, he discovered that at least 21 sets of twins had been born in the town of 20,000 people during the 1992-95 war. There may be many more, given the rate of migration due to poverty and unemployment.</span></p><p dir="LTR"><span id="midArticle_1">Local officials have leapt on the initiative, hoping to attract visitors to the picturesque town in northwest Bosnia, nestled among green hills and clear streams, where most people live off harvesting raspberries and chestnuts.</span></p><p dir="LTR"><span id="midArticle_1">Mayor Agan Bunic enthuses about the prospect of &quot;annual meetings of twins from Buzim and across the country, the first gathering of its kind in Bosnia&quot;.</span></p><p dir="LTR"><span id="midArticle_1">Trying to track down Buzim&#39;s twins, scattered around the world by the war, Vucelj launched a&nbsp;<a href="">Facebook</a></span>&nbsp;page - &quot;Buzim - The Town of Twins&quot;. Based on initial responses, he believes he has tracked down some 200 pairs.</p><p dir="LTR"><span id="midArticle_1">Doctors in the regional Bihac hospital said that according to medical statistics worldwide, one set of twins can be expected every 88 births.&nbsp;According to their records for the past five years, Buzim is not exceptional, but the data are incomplete.</span></p><p dir="LTR"><span id="midArticle_1">Given the town&#39;s isolation, a majority of women before and during the war gave birth at home, and many records have been lost. Locals are convinced there is a longstanding tradition of twins.</span></p><p dir="LTR"><span id="midArticle_1">&quot;I remember the years when nearly each class in the school had twins; there were also triplets,&quot; said Zumreta Hodzic, a municipal birth registrar.</span></p><p dir="LTR"><span id="midArticle_1">Locals struggle to explain the phenomenon, but a tradition of large families, and possible inbreeding in an isolated rural area, may help such genes persist.</span></p><p dir="LTR"><span id="midArticle_1">&quot;The local people mostly marry among themselves, this is a pretty much traditional and patriarchal community,&quot; Mayor Bunic said.</span></p><p dir="LTR"><span id="midArticle_1">Kemal Dizdarevic, an unemployed father of 17-month-old twin boys, said there was a history of twins in his family and his wife&#39;s.</span></p><p dir="LTR"><span id="midArticle_1">&quot;Maybe they will be sportsmen,&quot; said Dizdarevic, who has created a miniature basketball game to entertain the energetic toddlers. &quot;They can become anything, just not politicians.&quot;</span></p><p dir="LTR">&nbsp;</p> Fri, 17 Apr 2015 12:55:00 +0000 Reuters 2448203 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/04/17/501184/twins.jpg A dog's life: study reveals people's hormonal link with tail-waggers <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Dogs are called &quot;man&#39;s best friend&quot; - women&#39;s, too - and scientists say the bond between people and their pooches may be deeper than you might think.</p><p>Researchers in&nbsp;<a href="" rel="nofollow">Japan</a>&nbsp;said on Thursday oxytocin, a hormone that among other things helps reinforce bonds between parents and their babies, increases in humans and their dogs when they interact, particularly when looking into one another&#39;s eyes.</p><p>They described a series of experiments that suggest that people and their canine companions have mutually developed this instinctual bonding mechanism in the thousands of years since dogs were first domesticated.</p><p>Sometimes called the &quot;love hormone,&quot; oxytocin is made in a brain structure called the hypothalamus and secreted from the pituitary gland. It is involved in emotional bonding, maternal behavior, child birth, breast-feeding, sexual arousal and other functions.</p><p>&quot;Oxytocin has many positive impacts on human physiology and psychology,&quot; said Takefumi Kikusui, a veterinary medicine professor at Japan&#39;s Azabu University, whose research was published in the journal Science.</p><p>In one experiment, dogs were put in a room with their owners. The researchers tracked their interaction and measured oxytocin levels through urine samples. People whose dogs had the most eye contact with them - a mutual gaze - registered the largest increases in oxytocin levels. The dogs also had an oxytocin spike correlating with that of their owner.</p><p>The researchers conducted a similar experiment with wolves, close relatives of dogs, and found that no such thing happened despite the fact that the wolves had been raised by the people.&nbsp;</p><p>In another experiment, the researchers sprayed oxytocin into dogs&#39; noses and put them in a room with their owners as well as people the dogs did not know. With the female dogs, and not the males, this increased the mutual gazing between dogs and their owners and also led to an oxytocin increase in the owners.</p><p>&quot;I personally believe that there is a tight bond between the owner and dogs,&quot; Kikusui said.</p><p>&quot;I have three standard poodles. I strongly feel the tight bonding with these dogs. Actually, I participated in the experiment, and my oxytocin boosted up after the eye gaze, like 300 percent,&quot; Kikusui added.</p><p>The study involved dogs of various breeds and ages including the miniature schnauzer, golden retriever, border collie, Labrador retriever, Shiba Inu, standard poodle, beagle and others.</p> Thu, 16 Apr 2015 21:08:00 +0000 Reuters 2448177 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/04/16/43/screen_shot_2015-04-16_at_11.06.46_pm.png For rockin' ride, Cleveland puts music icons in bus driver's seat <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Tina Turner has gone from private dancer to public bus driver while a purple-jacketed Prince is driving something larger than a little red Corvette.</p><p>The city of Cleveland has kindly asked its downtown trolley-bus drivers to get in the spirit of this week&#39;s 2015 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction ceremony and dress up like a rock star, or simply a music great.</p><p>Drivers can choose from the more than 700 inductees in the Hall of Fame, which holds its 30th ceremony on Saturday.&nbsp;</p><p>The 7,000 riders who travel daily on the free downtown line could find Ray Charles, Gladys Knight, Chaka Khan or Lionel Richie behind the wheel. Bruce Springsteen, Alice Cooper, Janet Jackson and Lenny Kravitz are on board, while Willie Nelson is on the road again.&nbsp;</p><p>Cloyd Thomas, a driver for 30 years, impersonated Elvis for the last Cleveland ceremony in 2012 but has switched from &quot;The King&quot; to Prince, donning a purple velvet jacket with fringed cuffs and a wig of curly hair. Riders are quick to identify him.</p><p>&quot;People get on the bus and start singing. They want me to sing &#39;When Doves Cry,&#39; but that&#39;s a tough one. I will stick to driving the bus,&quot; Thomas said.</p><p>The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum opened in Cleveland in 1995, but induction ceremonies only opened up to the public in 2009. This will be the city&#39;s fourth time hosting the public concert, and getting the locals involved is a big part of the festivities.</p><p>Joseph A. Calabrese, chief executive of the Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority, said bigger cities can&#39;t always muster the same enthusiasm as this metropolis of 400,000 people.&nbsp;</p><p>&quot;Cleveland is a fun city and when we do things, we do those things well,&quot; he said</p><p>Throughout the city, bars and music venues hold Rock Hall-themed shows, and nearly 14,000 people visited the museum Sunday for free admission to the opening of the exhibit featuring this year&#39;s inductees - including Beatles drummer Ringo Starr,&nbsp;late rocker Lou Reed and Joan Jett &amp; the Blackhearts.</p><p>Regular trolley rider Brandon James, a 26-year-old photographer and videographer, said he appreciates the extra effort the city puts into promoting the Rock Hall.</p><p>&quot;I think it&#39;s fun,&quot; Jones said. &quot;I like watching people get on at the different stops and pick up on who the driver is, pointing it out to their friends.&quot;</p><p>For more pictures, visit <a href=""><u>Reuters</u></a></p> Thu, 16 Apr 2015 20:19:00 +0000 Reuters 2448173 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/04/16/43/gjrg.jpg