Egypt Independent: Living-Main news en Male and female caffeine consumption ups miscarriage risk: study <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Women have an increased risk of miscarriage if they or their partner consume more than two caffeinated drinks a day in the weeks leading up to conception, a new US study found.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Women who drink more than two caffeinated beverages per day during the first seven weeks of pregnancy were also more likely to have a miscarriage, according to the study published online late Thursday in the journal Fertility and Sterility.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But rates of miscarriage are reduced for women who take a daily multivitamin before and after conception.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The study, carried out by researchers from the National Institutes of Health and Ohio State University, was based on data from the Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment (LIFE) Study.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>That study followed 501 couples in Michigan and Texas from 2005 to 2009, examining the relationship between fertility, lifestyle and exposure to chemicals in the environment.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The current study compared cigarette use, caffeinated beverage consumption and multivitamin use among 344 couples when the woman was carrying a single offspring. Of these pregnancies, 98 &mdash; or 28 percent &mdash; ended in miscarriage.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The researchers&#39; conclusions were based on a statistical concept called hazard ratio, which estimates the chances of a particular outcome occurring during the study period.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A ratio greater than one indicates increased risk for miscarriage each day following conception, while a ratio less than one indicates reduced daily risk.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The risk of miscarriage was 1.74 when the woman consumed more than two caffeinated drinks a day, the study showed.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>However, the risk was almost as high &mdash; 1.73 &mdash; if the male partner drank that much caffeine or more.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Our findings also indicate that the male partner matters, too,&quot; said lead author Germaine Buck Louis, director of the Division of Intramural Population Health Research at the NIH.<br /><br />&quot;Male preconception consumption of caffeinated beverages was just as strongly associated with pregnancy loss as females&#39;.&quot;<br />&nbsp;</div><div>The study also found that taking a daily multivitamin significantly reduced chances of miscarriage.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Taking a vitamin in the weeks leading up to conception had a hazard ratio of 0.45, a 55 percent reduction in risk for pregnancy loss.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Women who continued to take multivitamins through the early stages of pregnancy had a hazard ratio of 0.21, a risk reduction of 79 percent.</div> Tue, 25 Oct 2016 12:38:00 +0000 AFP 2473771 at sites/default/files/photo/2016/07/10/43/screen_shot_2016-07-10_at_1.28.09_pm.png How to get a better night's seep <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>We all know how much better we feel after a good night&#39;s sleep and yet many of us still struggle to get enough shut-eye, leaving us feeling bleary-eyed, grumpy, and with an urge to snack on sugary junk food for the energy boost that we should be getting from sleep.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>So Relaxnews spoke to Dalton Wong, trainer to Hollywood star Jennifer Lawrence, founder of TwentyTwo Training, and co-author of &quot;The Feel Good Plan,&quot; for his top tips on how to get a better night&#39;s sleep to &quot;make you feel like you can take on the world.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Focus on relaxing</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>From around 6 p.m. try to focus on relaxing for the evening. As the sun goes down, your brain gradually increases its production of growth hormone. This is the magic bullet that restores your body, revitalizing your skin, building new muscle and repairing any damaged cells. So the more you wind down in the evening, the more growth hormone you have available to repair your body tonight.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Turn off technology</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Avoid your phone, laptop, tablet or TV. Switch them off and you&#39;ll switch off too. Electronic devices emit a short-wavelength light, even on standby mode, that interferes with melatonin production.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Wear comfy clothing</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Wear loose and comfortable PJs to sleep in. Tight clothing can curb melatonin production by 60 per cent.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Invest in accessories</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Trust these tried-and-tested accessories to help you produce more melatonin, the sleepy hormone: Blackout blinds or a sleep mask. Make your bedroom as pitch black as possible &mdash; your body only produces melatonin in the dark. If your optic nerve detects light, you will wake up.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Early to bed...</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Four simple words that will help you consistently get the right amount of sleep: get to bed earlier, by 10 p.m. if you really want to wake up feeling younger. Growth hormone is at its peak, so this is when physical repairs begin. It will stay elevated until 2 a.m. Aim to get into bed just 15 minutes earlier each day until you&#39;re in bed, lights out, at 10 p.m.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Early to rise</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>6 a.m. is the earliest good time to wake up. Your psychological repairs are done (well, as done as they&#39;re going to get for today) and your rise-and-shine cortisol rises with the sun.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>And finally...</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Keep a regular sleep pattern</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>As well as going to bed early, also try to get to bed at a similar time each day. The same goes for getting up. Keeping a regular sleep schedule helps your body clock switch on and off at the right time, which means you&#39;re less likely to be awake when you don&#39;t want to be. Should you need another incentive, it&#39;s nice to know that people who go to bed and wake up at about the same time each day have lower body fat than those with more erratic schedules.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Mon, 24 Oct 2016 12:49:00 +0000 AFP 2473743 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/01/25/43/r.jpg Adult film actress accuses Trump of unwanted sexual advances <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>An adult film actress on Saturday became the latest woman to accuse Donald Trump of unwanted sexual advances, saying the Republican presidential candidate offered her $10,000 to come to his hotel room alone.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><div>Jessica Drake is one of at least 11 women to have alleged that the real estate billionaire groped them, made inappropriate remarks or forcibly kissed them.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><div>Speaking during a Los Angeles news conference accompanied by the high-profile discrimination lawyer Gloria Allred, Drake said she met Trump at a golf tournament in Lake Tahoe, California, in 2006.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;He flirted with me and invited me to walk along the golf course with him,&rdquo; she said, adding that he asked her to his hotel room. She went along with two other women, Drake said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Wearing pajamas when they entered, Trump &ldquo;grabbed each of us tightly in a hug and kissed each one of us without asking permission.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>He also asked what it was like to film pornography, Drake said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>After she returned to her room, Drake said, Trump called her asking her to return to his suite and invited her to a party.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;What do you want? How much?&rdquo; she said Trump asked her.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>After she declined, Drake said, she received another call either from Trump or another man offering $10,000 and use of Trump&rsquo;s private plane to fly home to Los Angeles if she were to accept.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>During Saturday&rsquo;s news conference, Allred &mdash; who also represents two other women who accuse Trump of unwanted sexual advances &mdash; showed a photograph of Trump and Drake at the golf tournament.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><div>Trump&rsquo;s campaign denied the Drake&rsquo;s allegations.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;This story is totally false and ridiculous,&rdquo; it said in a statement. &ldquo;Mr Trump does not know this person, does not remember this person and would have no interest in ever knowing her.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;This is just another attempt by the Clinton campaign to defame a candidate who just today is number one in three different polls,&rdquo; it added of Trump&rsquo;s Democratic rival Hillary Clinton.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Trump has seen his campaign spiral downward in recent weeks ahead of the November 8 election after a number of women made allegations that he sexually assaulted them &mdash; claims he again insisted on Saturday were false.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>He also threatened to take legal action against all the &ldquo;liars&rdquo; that have claimed to be victims of his sexual assaults.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;The events never happened. Never. All of these liars will be sued after the election is over,&rdquo; he said during a campaign rally.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The allegations have come on the heels of the release of a 2005 video in which Trump is heard making lewd comments about women to a television talk show host, saying his fame entitles him to grope women.</div><div>&nbsp;</div></div></div></div><p>&nbsp;</p> Sun, 23 Oct 2016 13:45:00 +0000 AFP 2473703 at sites/default/files/photo/2016/10/23/505446/jessica_drake_r_who_works_for_an_adult_film_company_speaks_beside_attorney_gloria_allred_l_about_allegations_of_sexual_misconduct_against_trump_during_a_press_conference_in_los_angeles_california.jpg ‘Global Sleep Crisis’ Study Reveals Why We’re Not Getting Enough Sleep <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div><p>Social pressures are forcing people to cut back on their sleep, contributing to a &ldquo;global sleep crisis,&rdquo; according to a new study based on research collected through a smartphone app.</p></div><div><p>It enabled scientists from the University of Michigan to track sleep patterns around the world &mdash; gathering data about how age, gender and the amount of natural light to which people are exposed affect sleep patterns in 100 countries &mdash; and better understand how cultural pressures can override biological rhythms.</p></div><div><p>&ldquo;The effects of society on sleep remain largely unquantified,&rdquo; says the study published Friday in the journal Science Advances.</p></div><div><div data-beacon="{&quot;p&quot;:{&quot;mnid&quot;:&quot;ad&quot;,&quot;lnid&quot;:&quot;mobileweb_transporter_mid&quot;}}"><div id="adsDiv9">&nbsp;</div></div><p>&ldquo;We find that social pressures weaken and/or conceal biological drives in the evening, leading individuals to delay their bedtime and shorten their sleep.&rdquo;</p></div><div><p>Lack of sleep is mostly affected by the time people go to bed, the study found.</p></div><div><p>Middle-aged men get the least amount of sleep, less than the recommended seven to eight hours.</p></div><div><p>And age is the main factor determining amount of sleep.</p></div><div><p>The research is based on data collected through the free smartphone app Entrain, launched in 2014 to help users fight jetlag.</p></div><div><p>Scientists asked some 6,000 people 15 and older to send anonymous data about sleep, wake-up and lighting environment, enabling the scientists to obtain a large amount of data about sleep patterns worldwide.</p></div><div><p>The app also asks users to input information about their ages, gender, countries and time zones.</p></div><div><p>Sleep is driven by an internal &ldquo;circadian&rdquo; clock, a cluster of 20,000 nerve cells the size of a grain of rice located behind the eyes, and adjusted according to the amount of light captured, especially natural light.</p></div><div><p>The average amount of sleep in the world varies from a minimum of seven hours 24 minutes in Singapore and Japan to a maximum of eight hours 12 minutes in the Netherlands, the study found.</p></div><div><p>Although a difference of 48 minutes may seem inconsequential, a lack of sleep for half an hour can have significant effects on cognitive function and health, the researchers said.</p></div><div><p>People who need sleep suffer a reduction in their cognitive abilities without really being conscious of it, the new study says.</p></div><div><p>&ldquo;Impaired sleep presents an immediate and pressing threat to human health,&rdquo; it says.</p></div><div><p>A recent report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found one in three American adults is not sleeping the recommended minimum of seven hours.</p></div><div><p>Chronic lack of sleep increases the risk of obesity, diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease, according to the CDC.</p></div><p>&nbsp;</p><div><p>The new study also found that women sleep 30 minutes longer than men on average by going to bed earlier and rising later, and that people exposed longer to natural light every day often go to bed earlier.</p></div><p>&nbsp;</p> Fri, 21 Oct 2016 10:27:00 +0000 AFP 2473651 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/09/10/43/screen_shot_2015-09-10_at_4.27.23_pm.png