Egypt Independent: Life Style-Main news http://www.egyptindependent.com//enhome_channel/Life%20Style/rss.xml en Beauty, social media power Kardashian sister to fashion fame http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2440242 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2014/11/20/499612/beauty_fashion.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Her elder half-sister Kim Kardashian may have tried to &quot;break the Internet&quot; with a provocative nude photo shoot last week, but Kendall Jenner is taking a more conventional route to fame and fortune.</p><p>The slender 19-year-old model has until recently lived largely in the shadow of her more famous, curvaceous sibling, despite featuring regularly in the hit US reality television show &quot;Keeping Up With the Kardashians.&quot;</p><p>Yet by harnessing her natural beauty to the phenomenal power of social media -- where her followers are counted in the tens of millions -- Jenner is firmly on course to outstrip even her sister for stardom, rapidly emerging as the most prominent of a new generation of supermodels.</p><p>Jenner&#39;s meteoric modeling rise was crowned this week by confirmation that she is to become the new face of beauty giant Estee Lauder, a golden ticket guaranteed to elevate her burgeoning profile to another stratosphere.</p><p>&quot;Cosmetics agents are rare, coveted jobs in the modeling world,&quot; explained Sara Ziff, founder of the agency Model Alliance.</p><p>&quot;In a business where many models work for free, trading pay for prestige and visibility, these contracts are lucrative and help to build a model&#39;s brand.&quot;</p><p><strong>&nbsp;Ultimate &#39;instagirl&#39;&nbsp;</strong></p><p>By choosing Jenner, Estee Lauder has made no secret of its desire to boost sales and growth by targeting younger consumers.</p><p>&quot;(Kendall) is the ultimate &#39;instagirl,&#39; and we are excited to leverage her image, voice, energy and extraordinary social media power to introduce Estee Lauder to millions of young women around the world,&quot; the cosmetics giant&#39;s global brand president Jane Hertzmark Hudis explained in a statement.</p><p>Whether it is an informal snapshot or her larking around in a Halloween costume with her British model pal Cara Delevingne, or a selfie with pop star Justin Bieber, Jenner rarely misses an opportunity to connect with her legions of followers on social media.</p><p>She has a staggering 32.3 million followers tracking her across platforms, including 15.9 million on photo-sharing network Instagram, 9.1 million on Twitter and 7.3 million on Facebook. Estee Lauder describes Jenner&#39;s web presence as &quot;astounding.&quot;</p><p>&quot;Kendall is a modern beauty who represents a whole new generation of women who live, breathe and share beauty, fashion and life 24/7 on their own terms,&quot; said Hertzmark Hudis.</p><p>The Estee Lauder contract followed a year in which Jenner emerged as a bona fide star of the catwalks, wowing New York audiences at the Marc Jacobs show in February in a revealing sheer top.</p><p>That was followed by runway appearances for Chanel, Balmain, Dolce &amp; Gabbana and Fendi as well as a high-profile advertising campaign for Givenchy.</p><p><strong>&nbsp;Sibling rivalry?</strong></p><p>Her rise has also attracted its fair share of backbiting. Several tabloid reports and blogs have suggested that some of her sisters are jealous of her success.</p><p>Jenner meanwhile has dismissed suggestions that she owes her fame to the family brand created so successfully by her publicity-hungry half-sister.</p><p>&quot;In reality I worked pretty hard for this, running around doing tests,&quot; she told ABC television. &quot;It wasn&#39;t like I just got it magically and it has just happened.&quot;</p><p>To that end, Jenner has dropped her last name from her publicity, preferring to be known simply as &quot;Kendall.&quot;</p><p>She has also reached an understanding with her sister Kim Kardashian, married to hip-hop star Kanye West, that she not attend her runway appearances.</p><p>&quot;Banned is a strong word, it is more of a mutual understanding,&quot; she said.</p><p>&quot;I think if my sister&#39;s sitting in the front row, and my sister is who she is, it sounds weird, but it would have almost taken the attention away from what I&#39;m trying to do on my own.&quot;</p><p>Analysts meanwhile say Estee Lauder&#39;s courting of Jenner makes perfect commercial sense.</p><p>&quot;(It shows) the rise of social media as an important distribution plan,&quot; said Roger Kay, an analyst with Endpoint Technologies Associates.</p><p>&quot;As media shifts over to the Internet and social media from traditional media, this is what the face of new stars will look like.&quot;</p> Thu, 20 Nov 2014 13:19:00 +0000 AFP 2440242 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2014/11/20/499612/beauty_fashion.jpg Job authority spells depression for women: US study http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2440237 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2014/11/20/499612/pharmaceuticals.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Women in authority appear to be more vulnerable to depression than their male counterparts, a study by sociologists in the United States said.</p><p>Researchers looked into 1,500 middle-aged women from Wisconsin and compared their workplace experiences with 1,300 men in the same age bracket from the same US state.</p><p>They found that women with job authority -- the ability to hire, fire and influence pay -- exhibited significantly more symptoms of depression than those who did not.</p><p>&quot;In contrast, men with job authority have fewer symptoms of depression than men without such power,&quot; said University of Texas sociology professor Tetyana Pudrovska, who led the study.</p><p>The difference might be due to women with authority in the workplace being judged negatively when acting with confidence and assertiveness, prompting chronic stress, Pudrovska said.</p><p>Men, on other hand, do not have to wrestle with the negative stereotypes that haunt women, she said.</p><p>&quot;What?s striking is that women with job authority in our study are advantaged in terms of most characteristics that are strong predictors of positive mental health,&quot; Pudrovska added.</p><p>They might have more education, better pay, more prestigious occupations and higher levels of job satisfaction and autonomy, &quot;yet they have worse mental health than lower-status women,&quot; she said.</p><p>The study, funded by the National Institutes of Health, appears in the December issue of the peer-reviewed Journal of Health and Social Behavior.</p> Thu, 20 Nov 2014 12:59:00 +0000 AFP 2440237 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2014/11/20/499612/pharmaceuticals.jpg Student invents cheating-detector http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2440222 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2012/09/24/54605/hi-farmer-phone-6col.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Leaking exams on social networking sites and the Internet and using cell phones in cheating pushed Yasmin Emam, a fourth year student at the Faculty of Science, Helwan University, to invent a device that easily detects cheating during exams.</p><p>The &quot;cheating detector&quot; resembles to a great extent the&nbsp;wireless device used by traffic police. Emam said that the device is made of a simple circuit that costs no more than LE20.</p><p>The device intercepts outgoing waves from mobile phones either while making a phone call or while transmitting any message or content using Bluetooth or Wi-Fi.</p><p>If a mobile device is used by students during the exam, &nbsp;the &quot;cheating detector&quot; will intercept the outgoing waves and an alarm will go off, according to Emam.</p><p>She stressed that the device can cover the entire examination hall.</p><p>Hany Kamal, spokesman for the Ministry of Education, said the ministry welcomes all innovative ideas presented by young people and encouraged Emam to ask for a meeting with the Minister of Education.</p><p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">The ministry had taken a number of security measures to counter the phenomenon of cheating, especially in high school, Minister of Education Mahmoud Aboul Nasr told <em>Al-Masry Al-Youm</em>. </span></p><p><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">The minister said the jamming devices will be used during the next academic year.</span></p><p><em><span style="font-size: 1em; line-height: 1.5em;">Edited translation from&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height: normal;">Al-Masry Al-Youm</span></em></p><p>&nbsp;</p><div>&nbsp;</div> Thu, 20 Nov 2014 10:11:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2440222 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2012/09/24/54605/hi-farmer-phone-6col.jpg Erotica galore at London's first study of sex show http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2440214 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2014/11/20/499612/erotica_galore_at_londons_first_study_of_sex_show.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">Scientific discovery mingles with stimulation in Britain&#39;s first exhibition about the study of sex, with pioneering sex aids, ancient phallic charms and even a chair credited with inducing orgasms.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">Historic attitudes towards sex are explored through Roman amulets, graphic drawings of contorting Japanese couples and early pornography featuring a surprise appearance from cartoon favourite Popeye.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">&quot;Each generation likes to think that it has invented sex,&quot; Honor Beddard, the curator of the show at London&#39;s Wellcome Trust, told AFP.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">&quot;But a short walk around this exhibition will challenge the idea that we are any more experimental or enlightened than our forebears, in fact we may have a very lot to learn from them,&quot; she said.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">The show, which opens on Thursday and runs until September 2015, explores attempts to understand human sexual behaviour through primitive art, literature, psychoanalysis and hard science.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">&quot;The Institute of Sexology -- Undress Your Mind&quot; exhibition is named in honour of Magnus Hirschfeld&#39;s research centre of the same name, whose immense archive of sexual research flourished in Berlin during the Weimar Republic.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">The German scientist is widely credited with altering Western notions of sexuality, particularly homosexuality, and became a target of the increasingly powerful Nazi Party as a result.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">&quot;The struggles that the sexologists had were so extreme that you can&#39;t help be serious about it,&quot; Beddard said.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">Much of the exhibition pays tribute to the obsessive collectors, such as Hirschfeld, whose vast troves enabled sexual behaviour to be studied.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;"><strong>&#39;Evolving story&#39;&nbsp;</strong></p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">It also explores the permissive attitudes to sex of &quot;primitive&quot; societies through the work of Bronislaw Malinowski in Samoa, and contrasts them with the restrained Western sexual values of the time.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">These are strikingly demonstrated by what at first glance appears to be a piece of heavy armour, but is in actual fact a device to prevent male masturbation.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">&quot;The history of sexual progress is not one slow march into enlightenment,&quot; said Beddard.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">&quot;There are points at which we appear quite liberated and others we remain much more repressed, so it&#39;s very much an evolving story.&quot;</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">The exhibit&#39;s most intriguing artefact, the &quot;orgone accumulator&quot;, highlights loosening attitudes towards sex during the 20th century.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">Visitors can sit inside a recreation of the wooden box created by psychoanalyst Wilhelm Reich to induce sexual gratification, which provided the inspiration for the &quot;orgasmatron&quot; in Woody Allen&#39;s 1973 film Sleeper.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">In the &quot;consulting room&quot;, a copy of a letter written to a worried parent by Sigmund Freud explaining that homosexuality is &quot;nothing to be ashamed of and cannot be considered as a disease&quot; sits on a desk strewn with items from the great psychoanalyst&#39;s collection.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">The latter part of the exhibition looks at more recent laboratory experiments, displaying items with distinctly unsexy names such as the penile strain gauge and the vaginal photoplethysmograph -- both instruments for measuring arousal levels.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">Among the scientists celebrated is Marie Stopes, the author of the groundbreaking &quot;Married Love&quot; in 1918, in the field of birth control and women&#39;s sexual rights.</p><p style="margin-bottom: 26px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-family: Roboto, Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: 22px; vertical-align: baseline; color: rgb(25, 25, 25); letter-spacing: 0.0799999982118607px;">It also looks at the work in the United States of Alfred Kinsey, famous for his maxim: &quot;The only unnatural sex act is that which you cannot perform&quot;.</p> Wed, 19 Nov 2014 21:14:00 +0000 AFP 2440214 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2014/11/20/499612/erotica_galore_at_londons_first_study_of_sex_show.jpg