Egypt Independent: Living-Main news en How will Brexit affect travel? <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Britons living abroad within the European Union and Europeans living in the UK are being assured that they won&#39;t have to pack up their bags or book tickets home immediately following the UK&#39;s historic vote to leave the EU.</p><div>In his statement following the referendum results, British Prime Minister David Cameron sought to reassure the 1.2 million British expats living in countries within the EU, and the 3.3 million Europeans living in the UK.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;I would also assure Brits living in European countries and European citizens living here that there will be no immediate changes in your circumstances,&quot; he said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Moreover, he added: &quot;There will be no initial change in the way our people can travel.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The historic outcome of the Brexit referendum has far-reaching implications, that also extends to travel and mobility.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The UK&#39;s largest travel association, ABTA, released a statement Friday adding that British travelers are free to move between the UK and the EU as usual, and that European Health Insurance cards remain valid for now.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Likewise, Air Passenger Rights remain unchanged and summer holiday plans will be unaffected.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In fact, holidaymakers will unlikely see any changes over the next two years, the timeframe given for the UK to negotiate its exit from the EU.</div><div><br /><strong>Pound takes a nosedive</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Perhaps the most immediate travel impact from the Brexit outcome is the value of the British pound, which went into a freefall immediately following the news.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>While foreign visitors will see more bang for their buck while on holiday in the UK, British tourists abroad will see their spending power diminish significantly in the next while.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Air travel experts also point out that low-cost airlines like easyJet, Ryanair and Germanwings will have to negotiate new air service agreements for travel in European and British airspace, which could risk spiking air fares.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Likewise, customs and immigrations lines at European airports are likely to grow longer, once Britons switch to non-EU processing lines.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Ahead of the referendum, ABTA also released a study predicting possible consequences of Brexit on the travel industry, which revealed a few interesting trends, stats and figures.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Brexit on UK travel</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Here are a few highlights from the report &quot;What Brexit might mean for UK travel,&quot; prepared in partnership with Deloitte:<br />&nbsp;</div><div>&mdash; 76 percent of holidays abroad that Brits undertook in 2014 were in EU countries;<br />&mdash; 63 percent of inbound visitors in 2014 were from the EU;<br />&mdash; The UK&#39;s biggest source market of inbound visitors from within the EU is France, followed by Germany, Italy, Spain, Netherlands;<br />&mdash; The most popular European destinations among British travelers are Spain, France, Italy, Portugal, Greece.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Roaming fees</strong><br />&nbsp;</div><div>The EU introduced caps on mobile phone roaming charges for EU citizens who use their phones in other EU countries. A complete ban on additional roaming fees takes effect in June, 2017. Brexit would effectively exclude Britons from benefitting from the cap.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Freedom of movement</strong><br />&nbsp;</div><div>Following their exit from the EU, the UK will be able to seek new bilateral visa agreements with non-EU countries which could open more doors.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>European Health Insurance Card</strong><br />&nbsp;</div><div>The EHIC allows cardholders access to local health services on the same terms as those available to locals. Brexit now makes the EHIC subject to negotiations for British holidaymakers.</div> Tue, 28 Jun 2016 14:54:00 +0000 AFP 2470695 at sites/default/files/photo/2016/06/06/504802/british_airways.jpg This super fun exercise helps you beat stress and enjoy your weekend <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>The benefits of art therapy have been proven scientifically once again. Researchers have shown that regardless of age or experience, creative pursuits can significantly lower stress levels.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Can colouring, drawing, modeling with clay or collage reduce the symptoms of anxiety? Researchers at Drexel University, based in the US city of Philadelphia, attempted to find out if various types of artistic activities could bring down the level of cortisol, known as the stress hormone, in the body.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>For the purposes of the study, 39 adults aged between 18 and 59 took part in artistic activities for 45 minutes. Their cortisol levels were measured before and after the session through saliva samples.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The participants were provided with markers and paper, modeling clay and collage materials. An art therapist was present, but deliberately let the session run as freely as possible, so that the &ldquo;artists&rdquo; could do what they wanted.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The researchers found that 75 percent of the participants experienced a reduction in their cortisol levels. There was no correlation between past art experiences and lower cortisol levels.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Written testimonies showed that most patients found the test very relaxing, with some of them experiencing a drop in anxiety levels in the first five minutes. Others said that they were less obsessed about things that needed to be done, and were able to put things in perspective.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>However, around 25 percent of the participants had raised cortisol levels. The researchers said this could be due to a more alert state and an increased level of engagement caused by art-making.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;Some amount of cortisol is essential for functioning. For example, our cortisol levels vary throughout the day &mdash;&nbsp;levels are highest in the morning because that gives us an energy boost to start the day,&rdquo; explained Dr Kaimal, who co-authored the study.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>There are plans to extend the study to explore whether artistic expression can help reduce stress, improve psychological well-being and physiological health in a therapeutic environment, by measuring other biomarkers such as oxytocin (known as the love hormone). The researchers also want to examine whether visual arts-based expression can benefit end-of-life patients and their caregivers.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The study was published in the Art Therapy journal.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sat, 25 Jun 2016 12:38:00 +0000 AFP 2470612 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/06/05/43/screen_shot_2015-06-05_at_8.39.04_pm.png Museum creates edible culinary world tour dining exhibit <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art has opened a gastronomic exhibit that replicates dishes from some of the top Michelin-starred restaurants around the globe, allowing visitors to embark on a culinary world tour without leaving the city.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The vision of chef Corey Lee, who helms the triple Michelin-starred San Fran restaurant Benu, &ldquo;In Situ&rdquo; brings the cuisine of superstar chefs from France, Britain, Italy, Hong Kong, Denmark, Spain and Japan to diners at the recently opened museum.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>For the exhibit-restaurant, Lee worked with chefs to faithfully recreate each dish. Dishes were either chosen from a chef&rsquo;s existing repertoire, or created specially for the In Situ exhibit.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The menu will rotate between chefs and restaurants according to seasonality.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Opening the exhibit, for example, was a caramelised carrot soup from Nathan Myhrvold, author of Modernist Cuisine.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Diners can also travel to Paris without leaving town and tuck into a gourmet grilled cheese sandwich filled with Saint Nectaire cheese and black truffle, from Astrance restaurant.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>To cap off their meal, they can also sample the pastry wizardry of Dominique Ansel, who contributed his recipe for a sage smoked dark chocolate brownie.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The concept is an interesting extension of an emerging trend in the world of haute gastronomy restaurants and chefs swapping kitchens or hosting pop-ups around the world and breaking down the barriers of brick and mortar restaurants at fixed addresses.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Overall, the list of participating chefs represents a powerhouse of some of the most influential cooks in the upper echelons of haute and trending gastronomy today.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>They include chefs Massimo Bottura, whose Italian restaurant Osteria Francescana was named the world&rsquo;s best restaurant this week; Rene Redzepi of Noma in Copenhagen; Albert Adria of Tickets in Barcelona; Thomas Keller of The French Laundry in Yountville; and Seiji Yamamoto of RyuGin in Osaka, among dozens of others.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The space can accommodate up to 70 guests and is open during lunch hours but will expand to dinner in the future.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sat, 25 Jun 2016 12:37:00 +0000 AFP 2470611 at sites/default/files/photo/2016/06/25/501184/museum_creates_edible_culinary_world_tour_dining_exhibit.jpg Well-timed exercise might improve learning <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Aerobic exercise four hours after a memorization task, but not exercise right afterwards, was linked to improved recall in a series of Dutch experiments.<br /><br />Newly-learned information turns into long-term knowledge through a process of stabilization and integration of memories, the study team writes in Current Biology. This requires certain brain chemicals that are also released during physical exercise, including dopamine, noradrenaline (norepinephrine) and a growth factor called BDNF, they explain.<br /><br />&ldquo;The brain processes new memories for a while after learning. Physical exercise is able to improve these post-learning processes,&rdquo; senior author Guillen Fernandez, director of the Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition, and Behavior in Nijmegen, the Netherlands, told Reuters Health by email.<br /><br />To explore when exercise would most improve learning, researchers recruited 72 participants and tasked them with learning to match a series of 90 locations with pictures over a 40-minute period.<br /><br />The participants were split into three groups: one group exercised immediately after learning, one group exercised four hours later and one group did not exercise at all.<br /><br />The exercise groups did interval training for 35 minutes on a stationary bike, including spurts at maximum intensity.<br /><br />Two days later, the participants returned to the lab to test how much of what they&rsquo;d memorized they could recall. During the recall test, the each subject was in a MRI scanner so researchers could monitor activity in different areas of the brain.<br /><br />The group that had exercised four hours after learning remembered significantly more information on the follow-up test, while the immediate-exercise group did no better than the group that did not exercise.<br /><br />Activity in the hippocampus, a part of the brain associated with forming memories, was very similar among people in the delayed-exercise group during the recall task, but less consistent in the other participants, the researchers note.<br /><br />They speculate that the consistency of activation in the hippocampus in the delayed-exercise group could indicate greater &ldquo;efficiency or coherence&rdquo; in the way the brain pulls up the memory and &ldquo;might relate to differences in memory strength.&rdquo;<br /><br />While strong memories will be remembered no matter what, Fernandez said, weaker memories that would normally be forgotten within a day may last longer if the brain releases more dopamine and norepinephrine.<br /><br />People looking to improve their learning should perform fairly intense exercise to make sure that enough of the critical brain chemicals are released, he said, but cautioned against taking this too far. &ldquo;Very intensive exercise might also have negative effects.&rdquo;<br /><br />The authors note that more research is needed to determine if exercise will help memories last beyond the two-day period they studied.<br /><br />They add that the type of memory may be important, and that procedural or &ldquo;body&rdquo; memory of activities like tying a shoe may be better helped by immediate exercise than other kinds of memories.<br /><br />Having a regular exercise routine may be helpful as well said Marc Roig, an assistant professor at McGill University in Montreal who studies the effect of cardiovascular exercise on memory.<br /><br />Several weeks of cardio exercise, such as jogging, can make the hippocampus larger and improve people&rsquo;s memory, he told Reuters Health.<br /><br />The type of exercise may not be important, though, added Roig, who was not involved in the new study. &ldquo;Most studies have looked into aerobic exercise but recent data shows that resistance training and high intensity interval training may also be beneficial.&rdquo;<br /><br />&ldquo;When thinking about how to maximize your training regimen to improve/maintain memory do not ask yourself only what type of exercise, intensity or frequency is the best. Ask yourself when to train to achieve the best results,&rdquo; Roig said.</p> Sat, 18 Jun 2016 12:11:00 +0000 Reuters 2470465 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/07/31/43/t1larg.jpg