Egypt Independent: Living-Main news en Around the world in pancakes <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>With Mardi Gras, Pancake Day and Candlemass just around the corner, pancakes will be on the menu this February in various parts of the world. From France&rsquo;s crêpe Suzette to Britain&rsquo;s crumpets, countries across the globe have their own local variants, with both savoury and sweet specialties to sample. Here&rsquo;s a look at some of the world&rsquo;s different types of pancakes.</p><div><strong>Crêpe Suzette &ndash; France</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><img alt="France's classic Crêpe Suzette © Wiktory /" src="" style="height: 401px; width: 536px;" /></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Crêpe Suzette is the ultimate French pancake. Invented by Auguste Escoffier at the end of the 19th century, the crêpe Suzette shouldn&rsquo;t be confused just any old flambéd pancake. This French classic must be served with a sauce flavoured with orange zest and a dash of Grand Marnier liquor to truly earn its name. The dish is apparently named after the young woman (Suzanne) who was dining with the future king of England, Edward VII, when he sampled the dish.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Hirams plattär &ndash; Sweden</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Take the ingredients and technique of choux pastry and the look of the classic French crêpe and you basically have this Swedish specialty. This pancake, however, has a slightly puffier consistency and is usually served with yellow cloudberry jam. This can usually be found at a certain famous Swedish furniture store.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Crumpet &ndash; UK</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><img alt="Crumpets are a British breakfast treat. © Wiktory /" src="" style="height: 357px; width: 536px;" /></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A staple of the breakfast table or a great afternoon snack, crumpets are a quintessentially British speciality. The crumpet &ndash; whose name can also be slang for a pretty girl &ndash; is made with fresh yeast which makes the mixture rise. This gives crumpets their soft and spongy texture, as well as their characteristic holes. Crumpets can be enjoyed with marmalade or simply spread with butter.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Dorayaki &ndash; Japan</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><img alt="Dorayaki or Japanese pancake filled with red bean paste.Japanese dorayaki pancakes © Wiktory /" src="" style="width: 536px;" /></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>This is essentially a Japanese version of American pancakes. Unlike the US variety, Tokyoites &ndash; who lay claim to the specialty &ndash; use a kidney bean purée to fill two pancakes which are then stuck together while warm. This paste is called &ldquo;anko&rdquo; and can easily be made at home or bought from Asian food stores.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Msemen &ndash; Morocco</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><img alt="Msemen is a Moroccan specialty. © Wiktory /" src="" style="height: 354px; width: 536px;" /></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Visitors to the North African kingdom will no doubt be familiar with this specialty, which looks like homemade French crêpes at first glance. It is, however, quite different. First of all, msemen are folded on each side to form a square shape. But, more importantly, the dough is made from fine-grain semolina. This is kneaded for a long time to form a very thin film. Msemen are enjoyed with honey and a glass of steaming hot Moroccan mint tea.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Paratha &ndash; India</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><img alt="Paratha bread, a savory Indian accompaniment. © Wiktory /" src="" style="height: 357px; width: 536px;" /></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>There are many kinds of breads in Indian cuisine that can resemble pancakes. There are naans, of course, but paratha breads are perhaps more pancake-like still. Partha breads are a bit like puff pastry versions of chapatis, made from wholemeal wheat flour, corn flour or millet flour. They aren&rsquo;t cooked in the same kind of oven traditionally used to make naan breads and there&rsquo;s no fermentation stage with yeast when preparing the dough.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Farinata &ndash; Italy</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><img alt="Farinata is a savory Italian pancake. © Wiktory /" src="" style="height: 358px; width: 536px;" /></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>This Genoan recipe is a veritable institution in Italy. Farinata is a savoury pancake made from chickpea flour, water, salt and oil, which is cooked in a wood-fired oven. Each region has its own variants and preferences for Farinata, which can be eaten with pesto or gorgonzola, spread on the pancake straight from the oven.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Dosa &ndash; India</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><img alt="Dosas, Indian pancakes © Wiktory /" src="" style="height: 358px; width: 536px;" /></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Among the various forms of Indian flatbreads and pancakes, dosas are a must-try. These Southern Indian pancakes are made from black eyed peas and fermented rice. They can be garnished with vegetables, ground meat, chutneys and more.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>And also &hellip;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><img alt="Mexican tortilla. Photo: AFP/Istock" src="" style="height: 357px; width: 536px;" /></div><div><img alt="Russian blinis with salmon and creme fraiche. Photo: AFP/Istock" src="" style="height: 356px; width: 536px;" /></div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sat, 18 Feb 2017 14:03:00 +0000 AFP 2476455 at sites/default/files/photo/2017/02/04/501184/pancake.jpg You lick your fingers, so here’s a spoon shaped like one <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>An experience that mimics the sensation of licking your fingers can enhance the taste of creamy foods. This is the concept behind the new spoon created by a British design studio, which specialises in the invention of eating implements of the future.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>What gourmet can claim to have never licked his or her fingers after eating chocolate or ice cream For many, the reflex that often concludes a sweet snack is an important part of the joys of eating. In response to this observation, the design studio Michel/Fabian has developed a new implement dubbed &ldquo;Goûte&rdquo;, which aims to enhance the sensual pleasure of food.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The new utensil is a spoon that mimics the form of a finger. The goal of the invention is to make food taste even better, and it is an ambition that is based on evidence. According to a University of Oxford study, the new accessory can enhance the taste of food by up to 40%.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The food end of the Goûte is rounded and wide like a finger, while the slender 21cm handle is designed to make it easy to hold. The overall result is ideal for plunging into honey, yoghurt, a pot of spread or a bowl of chocolate mousse.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><img alt="Wooden version of the 'Goûte' spoon." src="" style="height: 804px; width: 536px;" /></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In terms of psychology, the goal is to minimise the impression of putting a foreign body into one&rsquo;s mouth, which colours the sensation of eating with a traditional metal knife and fork. The glass version of Goûte, which is made by a traditional glass blower in Britain retails for &pound;29 (RM156). There is also a wooden version for &pound;18 (RM100). Both products are available from;</div> Sat, 18 Feb 2017 13:04:00 +0000 AFP 2476450 at sites/default/files/photo/2017/02/18/501184/licking_finger.jpg Getting to bed on time requires self-control with the remote control <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Setting a time to switch off the TV before bed can help viewers get to bed at an earlier time, possibly improving sleep patterns and quality, according to new research.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Although many previous studies have looked at the effect of devices such as televisions and smartphones on the quality and duration of sleep, research has not yet looked at the how self-control plays a role in habitual TV viewing &mdash; which involves setting a time to start and finish TV viewing &mdash; and in turn how it could affect sleep.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Carried out by a team from the University of Michigan and the Leuven School for Mass Communication Research in Belgium, the research involved interviews with 821 Belgian adults about their television and sleep behaviours.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Participants were asked to report their TV viewing from 8pm to 7am and rate responses on a scale to statements such as &ldquo;I want to go to bed on time, but I just don&rsquo;t&rdquo; and &ldquo;Often I am still doing other things when it is time to go to bed.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>To measure self-control the surveys also included statements such as &ldquo;I wish I had more self-discipline&rdquo; and &ldquo;I am able to work effectively toward long-term goals.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The surveys revealed that men watched more television in the evening than women, and that those who worked both day and night shifts were significantly less likely to have a habitual TV viewing habit during the evening than those who worked only day-shifts.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The team also found that although those with a strong TV viewing habit could still end up watching a lot of TV, they generally had a lot of control over it and were more likely to switch of the television at the scheduled time rather than postpone bedtime.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>However, the less self-control a person has the more TV they watch, and the more likely they are to procrastinate bedtime, prioritising the short-term benefits of feeling entertained by media over of the long-term benefits of getting a good night&rsquo;s rest.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;In other words, people have trouble withstanding the media temptation unless they have self-control,&rdquo; explained study co-author Jan Van den Bulck, U-M professor of communication studies. &ldquo;The presence of media that engage us during the final hours of the day provokes an internal conflict where we weigh the benefits of media entertainment against those of going to bed on time.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Van den Bulck also explained that when we wake up our self-control levels are at their highest. However throughout the day we use this self-control up, leading to levels being at their lowest in the evening &mdash; at the exact moment when many of us are watching TV and we need self-control in order to switch off the television and go to bed.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The findings can be found published online in the current issue of Communication Research.&nbsp;</div> Sat, 18 Feb 2017 11:10:00 +0000 AFP 2476446 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/05/10/43/remote_control.jpg Daily stress can negatively affect sleep, causing more stress the next day <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>New research has found that daily stressors may be a reason why you might not be sleeping well, and that the poor sleep they cause will also cause worse sleep the next day, creating a vicious cycle that can affect both individuals and their families.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The findings come from two separate studies, both carried out by researchers in the Department of Biobehavioral Health (BBH) at Penn State.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In the first study, published online in a recent issue of Journal of Sleep Research, the team gathered information from 1,600 daily interviews with 102 midlife employees in the IT industry.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The team found that daily psychosocial stressors, including stressful events and situations, tensions at work, school or home, and perception of not having enough time for family and personal life had an impact on nightly sleep quality and quantity and were associated with interrupted sleep and a longer period of time before falling asleep.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>This shorter and lower-quality sleep then also tended to lead to more stressors the following day, with participants reporting higher work-to-family conflict than usual on the days following shorter and lower-quality sleep, as well as less time for themselves to exercise and less time for their children.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>This in turn affected the next night&rsquo;s sleep, with all three stressors linked with a longer time to fall asleep that night.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In the second study, published in Annals of Behavioural Medicine, the team analysed 1,900 daily interviews from employees in the IT and extended care industries and also found that better sleep quality was linked to improved emotions, more positive events and experiences, less conflict and fewer stressors on the following day.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Commenting on the significance of the findings Orfeu Buxton, senior author of the two studies, said, &ldquo;Sleep plays a central role in our daily lives. A day with less stress and conflict is followed by a night where it&rsquo;s easier to get to sleep. Having a good night of sleep is more likely to be followed by a workday with less stress and conflict. In this case, sleep is a powerful source of resilience in difficult times.&rdquo;&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sat, 18 Feb 2017 11:03:00 +0000 AFP 2476444 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/09/10/43/screen_shot_2015-09-10_at_4.27.23_pm.png