Egypt Independent: Living-Main news en 10 most popular cities for travelers in 2016 <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div class="el__leafmedia el__leafmedia--sourced-paragraph" style="box-sizing: border-box; color: rgb(38, 38, 38); font-family: CNN, &quot;Helvetica Neue&quot;, Helvetica, Arial, Utkal, sans-serif; font-size: 15px; background-color: rgb(254, 254, 254);"><div>Bangkok&#39;s back!</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The Thai capital has bounced to the top of an annual list of the world&#39;s most popular travel destinations after spending several years in the wilderness (of second place).</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Its return to the throne came at a cost to London which, after occupying pole position for two years, is trading places with its Asian rival.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Bangkok is projected to host 21.47 million &quot;international overnight visitors&quot; this year, according to the 2016 report by financial services corporation MasterCard.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>That figure is more than two times the city&#39;s population of about 10 million.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Bangkok&#39;s 2014-15 fall from the top was largely put down to political instability in recent years. Its return comes despite 11 bombings in August that hit five provinces in a day and left at least four dead and dozens including foreigners injured.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But there&#39;s no escaping Bangkok&#39;s allure: a vibrant urban and culinary scene and proximity to some of the world&#39;s most beautiful beaches and islands.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>How the jet-set spends its money</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>London, meanwhile, is expected to welcome 18.88 million visitors this year.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Paris, another city still feeling the aftershocks of brutal attacks, is in third place with 18.03 million forecast visitors.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>MasterCard says its index reflects the interconnectedness of major global cities and tracks the ways in which business and leisure jet-setters spend their money.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Ranked fourth with 15.27 million visitors, Dubai &quot;made a quantum leap to become the global top-ranked&quot; in visitor spending, the report says.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Based on a new estimate provided by the government of Dubai, its visitor pending of $31.3 billion this year far exceeds London&#39;s estimated $19.8 billion, which comes second.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>And how&#39;s the cash being spent?</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>According to the index, tourists are &quot;spending overwhelmingly&quot; to shop -- and not to dine -- in the top 20 destinations outside of Europe, despite many of them being world-famous cuisine capitals.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In Europe, however, tourists in Amsterdam, Barcelona, Istanbul, Milan, Paris, Prague and Vienna, are doling out cash for their meals.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The report also ranks the top 20 fastest-growing cities between 2009 and 2016, with Japan&#39;s Osaka topping the charts with a 24.15% annual growth rate over those seven years, followed by Chengdu in China&#39;s Sichuan province at 20.14%, and Abu Dhabi at 19.81%.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>MasterCard&#39;s top 10 destination cities</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>1. Bangkok, Thailand -- 21.47 million visitors</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>2. London, England -- 19.88 million visitors</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>3. Paris, France -- 18.03 million visitors</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>4. Dubai, UAE -- 15.27 million visitors</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>5. New York, USA -- 12.75 million visitors</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>6. Singapore -- 12.11 million visitors</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>7. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia -- 12.02 million visitors</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>8. Istanbul, Turkey -- 11.95 million visitors</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>9. Tokyo, Japan -- 11.70 million visitors</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>10. Seoul, South Korea -- 10.20 million visitors</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>MasterCard&#39;s fastest-growing cities in 2016</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>1. Osaka, Japan -- 24.15%</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>2. Chengdu, China -- 20.14%</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>3. Abu Dhabi, UAE -- 19.81%</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>4. Colombo, Sri Lanka -- 19.57%</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>5. Tokyo, Japan -- 18.48%</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>6. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia -- 16.45%</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>7. Taipei, Taiwan -- 14.53%</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>8. Xi&#39;an, China -- 14.20%</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>9. Tehran, Iran -- 12.98%</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>10. Xiamen, China -- 12.93%</div><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p>&nbsp;</p> Thu, 29 Sep 2016 13:16:00 +0000 CNN 2473088 at sites/default/files/photo/2016/09/29/39/seoul.jpg What are the world's safest airlines for 2016? <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p><span style="font-size: 1em;">It&#39;s the annual announcement every nervous flier awaits with interest:;s safest airline award.</span></p><div>This year the aviation analysts have named 20 leading carriers as the world&#39;s best at ensuring passenger protection.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>And, for the third year in succession, it says Qantas leads the 407 airlines it monitors when it comes to aviation safety.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>, which launched its annual listing in 2013, says the Australian carrier has an &quot;extraordinary record&quot; with no recorded fatalities since the advent of jet travel.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Completing the top 20 in alphabetical order are: American Airlines, Alaska Airlines, All Nippon Airways, Air New Zealand; Cathay Pacific Airways, Emirates, Etihad Airways, EVA Air, Finnair, Hawaiian Airlines, Japan Airlines, KLM, Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airline System, Singapore Airlines, Swiss, United Airlines, Virgin Atlantic</div><div>and Virgin Australia.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Standout in safety</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Our top 20 safest airlines are always at the forefront of safety innovation, operational excellence and the launching of new more advanced aircraft,&quot; says editor Geoffrey Thomas. &quot;These airlines are always a byword for excellence in the safety space.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;However there is no question amongst the editors that Qantas remains a standout in safety enhancements and best practice.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The organization also named its top 10 low-cost airlines for 2016.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>These are, in alphabetical order: Aer Lingus, Flybe, HK Express, Jetblue, Jetstar Australia, Thomas Cook, TUI Fly, Virgin America, Volaris and Westjet.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>;s rating system takes into account audits from aviation&#39;s governing bodies and lead associations as well as government audits and the airlines&#39; fatality records.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It also examines airlines&#39; operational histories, incident records and operational excellence.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The awards follow another troubling year for aviation with two significant disasters reigniting security issues and concerns over the mental well-being of aircraft pilots.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>;s rating system takes into account audits from aviation&#39;s governing bodies and lead associations as well as government audits and the airlines&#39; fatality records.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It also examines airlines&#39; operational histories, incident records and operational excellence.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The awards follow another troubling year for aviation with two significant disasters reigniting security issues and concerns over the mental well-being of aircraft pilots.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Safer year for aviation</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In March, an Airbus A320-211 operated by budget carrier Germanwings crashed into the French Alps killing all 150 people on board.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It later transpired that pilot Andreas Lubitz, who was identified as having suicidal tendencies, had caused the crash deliberately.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In August, 224 people were killed when a Russian Metrojet Airbus A321-231 broke apart shortly after takeoff from Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport in Egypt.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The disaster was claimed as a bomb attack by terror group ISIS. Investigations are still ongoing, but initial intelligence reports also pointed the finger at terrorism.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div> points out that despite these incidents, 2015 was a safer year for aviation than the previous 12 months.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Zero-star safety ratings</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It cites data that tallies 16 air accidents with 560 fatalities -- below the 10-year average and an improvement on 2014 when there were 21 fatal accidents with 986 fatalities.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Balancing these numbers, the world&#39;s airlines carried a record 3.6 billion passengers on 29 million flights in 2015,&quot; it remarks.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Flashback 50 years and there were a staggering 87 crashes killing 1,597 when airlines carried only 141 million passengers -- 5% of today&#39;s number.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div> says if an airline has a crash that involves the death of a passenger and/or crew members it will automatically lose a star from its safety-rating rankings.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It said 148 of the 407 airlines it surveyed have the top seven-star safety ranking, but almost 50 have just three stars or less.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A total of 10 airlines, all from Nepal, Indonesia or Surinam, qualify for just one or zero stars.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It lists these as: Batik Air, Bluewing Airlines, Citilink, Kal-Star Aviation, Lion Air, Sriwijaya Air, TransNusa, Trigana Air Service, Wings Air and Xpress Air.</div> Wed, 28 Sep 2016 13:41:00 +0000 CNN 2473057 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/09/21/503194/yemen_hostages.jpg Exercise can reduce fatigue, improve physical fitness in women undergoing breast cancer treatments <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Awareness Month kicks off in October to raise awareness about the disease, its signs, symptoms, screening and diagnosis. Ahead of this, an extensive British review -- based on 32 clinical trials covering 2,626 women -- has highlighted the advantages of exercise for women in all stages of the disease.<br /><br />The review collates various studies focusing on women undergoing very different kinds of therapy and surgery for breast cancer.<br /><br />The researchers aimed to evaluate the effect of aerobic or resistance-based exercise on women undergoing adjuvant breast cancer treatments (radiotherapy, chemotherapy) and, more specifically, the impact of exercise on side effects such as physical fatigue, diminished quality of life, depression and cognitive dysfunction.<br /><br />The scientists looked at 32 studies covering 2,626 women in total, with the most recent dating from 2015.<br /><br />Exercise during treatment was found to have two positive effects, improving physical fitness on the one hand (15 studies covering 1,310 women), and on the other hand reducing fatigue (19 studies covering 1698 women).<br /><br />What&#39;s more, exercise also appeared to slightly improve cognitive function in patients.<br /><br />Exercise had little or no effect on levels of depression, however, and quality of life was not found to be improved.<br /><br />Finally, seven studies reported a very small number of adverse effects.<br /><br />The researchers conclude that exercise during breast cancer treatment can be considered a supportive self-care strategy that&#39;s likely to reduce fatigue and improve physical fitness. However, no real impact on quality of life or depression was apparent in the review.<br /><br />Beyond these benefits, further research is necessary to determine what other potential effects exercise could have on women undergoing adjuvant breast cancer treatment. Further research is also required to determine the most effective type, intensity and timing of training.<br /><br />A previous study, published in the British Medical Journal, highlighted the preventative role of exercise in breast cancer development.<br /><br />As well as being good for general health, sufficient levels of daily exercise were found to contribute to reducing the risk of developing five diseases, including breast and colon cancer, by 20%. The research was based on 174 studies published between 1980 and 2016.</p> Wed, 28 Sep 2016 13:05:00 +0000 AFP 2473059 at sites/default/files/photo/2016/08/29/39/exercise.jpg Why morning sickness may be a good thing <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>For women with a history of miscarriage, experiencing nausea and vomiting during subsequent pregnancy attempts is linked to higher odds of success, a U.S. study suggests.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;This study came from the long-standing idea that nausea and vomiting in pregnancy indicated that a woman was still pregnant,&rdquo; said lead study author Stefanie Hinkle, a scientist at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>As many as 80 percent of pregnant women experience nausea, vomiting, or both, Hinkle and colleagues note in JAMA Internal Medicine.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The current study included about 800 pregnant women with at least one or two prior miscarriages.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>All of the women had pregnancies confirmed by lab tests and they were around 29 years old on average at the start of the study.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A typical pregnancy lasts 40 weeks, and women have the highest risk of miscarriage in the first trimester, roughly the first 12 weeks. Odds of a miscarriage are higher for women that are older or have certain medical problems such as diabetes, lupus or thyroid disorders.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>For the study, women recorded nausea and vomiting symptoms in daily diaries from weeks 2 through 8 of their pregnancies. Then, starting with week 12, they reported symptoms in monthly questionnaires.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>After two weeks of pregnancy, 18 percent of the women reported nausea without vomiting, while 4 percent said they experienced both symptoms.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>By eight weeks of pregnancy, 57 percent experienced nausea alone and 27 percent had a combination of nausea and vomiting.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>As women approached the 12-week mark, 86 percent reported nausea and 35 percent reported nausea combined with vomiting.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In general, women younger than 25 were more likely to experience nausea and vomiting than the older participants in the study.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Overall, 188 pregnancies (24 percent) ended in another miscarriage.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Nausea and vomiting were associated with a 50 percent to 75 percent lower risk of pregnancy loss, the study found.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;Our findings should be reassuring to women experiencing these symptoms, as the risk for a pregnancy loss is greatly reduced in women with these symptoms,&rdquo; Hinkle said by email.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The study doesn&rsquo;t explain why women who have these symptoms may be more likely to have successful pregnancies, the authors caution.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It&rsquo;s possible that nausea and vomiting may be the body&rsquo;s way of getting women to alter their diets during pregnancy, or that a surge in pregnancy hormones triggers these symptoms, the authors suggest.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Limitations of the study include the reliance on women to accurately recall and report symptoms in their diaries, the researchers point out. Researchers also lacked data on the severity of nausea and vomiting.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Still, the findings add to a large body of evidence linking nausea and vomiting to a lower risk of miscarriage, Dr. Siripanth Nippita, a reproductive health researcher at Harvard Medical School in Boston, noted in an accompanying editorial.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Women need to keep in mind that these symptoms don&rsquo;t protect against miscarriage, and that severe morning sickness can require treatment to minimize the risk of complications during pregnancy, Nippita said by email.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;Nausea and vomiting are common during pregnancy,&rdquo; Nippita said. &ldquo;Many women don&rsquo;t experience it and still go on to have normal, healthy pregnancies. On the other hand, women who do experience it may still have a loss.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;The association between nausea and vomiting and a continuing pregnancy is true for the population in this study, but an individual&rsquo;s experience may be different,&rdquo; Nippita added.</div> Tue, 27 Sep 2016 13:19:00 +0000 Reuters 2473025 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/11/16/43/lmkmk.jpg