Egypt Independent: Life Style-Main news en Campaign promotes donation of unused medication <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" /><div><div>With the value of redundant medication estimated at LE1 billion annually, a pharmacist launched a campaign encouraging Egyptians to donate medicines that surpass their needs.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Dr. Waleed Shawqy, founder of &nbsp;the &ldquo;Medicine for All Foundation&quot;, says his campaign offers redundant medications to families that cannot afford expensive drugs, especially considering that many consumers purchase drugs that exceed their actual needs, leaving those medicines to expire.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Shawqy said the campaign, which started with a target of 20 patients several years ago, is now catering to 400 patients annually.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The campaign has also attracted 200 youths, according to Shawqy. &ldquo;The initiative began with social efforts by a group of young volunteers who collected redundant drugs, took stock of them and gave them out to low-income families.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Boehringer Ingelheim, a top global pharmaceutics firm, has honored the initiative&#39;s organizers, providing assistance with storage and the creation of a database.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><em>Edited translation from Al-Masry Al-Youm</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p>&nbsp;</p> Wed, 01 Apr 2015 10:21:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2447201 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/04/01/94/waleed_sahwqy_for_of_medicine_for_all_foundation.jpg Al-Shamsi "an ancient" bread still baked in upper Egypt <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Antiquities are not the only thing inherited from the ancient Egyptians; many cultural heirlooms are inseparable from modern Egyptian culture, including traditions, habits, lifestyle and food.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Al-Shamsi bread is considered an inheritance from pharaonic times when the ancient Egyptians were among the first to produce bread. It was named after the world &quot;sun&quot; in Arabic for its apparent ressemblance, moreover it&#39;s baked under the heat of the sun due to the absence of ovens during this time.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A visit to any Upper Egyptian home, one can find a mud oven usually placed nearby so that the housewives can bake Al-Shamsi bread, according to the Supply Ministry, at least 50 percent of people in Aswan city rely on Al-Shamsi bread as their staple food.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Al-Shamsi bread is the most popular of other twelve kinds of bread derivatives that were inherited from the ancient Egyptian era because it&#39;s still a main element in everyday&#39;s dish of villagers who used to bake and export it to the big cities,&quot; said Abdel Aziz Gamal ancient history expert.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Despite the bread being mainly a homemade product, according to Gamal, it has not prevented some bakeries in Cairo from baking especially for those accustomed to its taste, such as rural townfolk who have migrated to Cairo.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Though it&#39;s healthier, the other forms of modern bread are more attractive to people for their easy access and lack of effort required to make,&quot; he said.&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Al-Shamsi Bread is baked every two or three days in an Upper Egyptian houses but it needs effort and time, requiring two people to bake it. The bread is made from local wheat and its baking process passes through six levels.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>During the first day, the dough yeast is prepared and left for brewing, and then it is added to the flour with some warm water, and a pinch of salt, to begin after the two-hour kneading process until the dough becomes liquid to be tightly covered, until the next day.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The next day, the dough is cut into floor balls, and then laid out to rise in the sun while stirring the dough. Then the loaves are placed into the oven.</div> Tue, 31 Mar 2015 18:44:00 +0000 Hend El-Behary 2447166 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/03/31/501184/302.jpg Abdel Halim Hafez fans commemorate his 38th death anniversary <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>A narrow street in the calm neighborhood of Zamalek leads you to a wider area where a blue banner reads Bahaa Eddin Qaraqosh Street, according to official records, while residents of the area call it Abdel Halim Hafez Street, named after a famous Egyptian singer.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Fans of Abdel Halim, sometimes called the &ldquo;Brown Nightingale&rdquo;,&nbsp;have been meeting under a building of the balcony of his apartment on the seventh floor for decades.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><img alt="IMG_20150330_154034" src="" style="line-height: 21px; height: 321px; width: 536px;" /></div><div><em>Zahraa al-Gezira building where Halim&#39;s fans gather every year.</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Although 38 years have passed since Halim&#39;s death, his fans still gather in the same place on the anniversary of his death every year 30 March and chant &ldquo;as if it was yesterday&rdquo;,&nbsp;in remembrance of the legendary singer.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Halim ordered that his apartment should be open to public after his death.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>On the walls in front of his apartment, Halim&#39;s lovers made inscriptions expressing their love and appreciation to him. They also wrote on the walls of the lift love and blame words of famous songs to Halim.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;If I ever forget you, what else shall I remember?&rdquo; &ldquo;Oh Halim you softer than breeze,&rdquo; and &ldquo;To Halim: the absent but present,&rdquo; read the walls.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Admirers of Halim wrote him love letters like one that wrote: &ldquo;To Abdel Halim Hafez my sweetheart: I love you, I respect you, I adore you, although I have never seen you but I saw your soul.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><img alt="IMG_20150330_152911" src="" style="line-height: 21px; height: 321px; width: 536px;" /></div><div><em>Love notes to Halim on the walls of his house</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Magda, one of Halim&#39;s admirers, leans her back on the wall of love letters to Halim, as she says she comes every year on the same occasion to commemorate her favorite singer&#39;s death.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;My heart is still crying for him,&rdquo; she says.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Magada heads in the morning to Halim&#39;s grave since 20 years where she places roses on the anniversary of his death every year.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;I heard Halim&#39;s brother say that whoever wants to visit his home he is welcome anytime. Since that time, I come on each anniversary,&rdquo; Magda adds.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><img alt="IMG_20150330_151849" src="" style="line-height: 21px; height: 321px; width: 536px;" /></div><div><em>Lover letters to Halim mon the walls of his house.</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><img alt="11080805_967818809908937_8491445490278981657_o" src="" style="line-height: 21px; height: 321px; width: 536px;" /></div><div><em>Halim fan holding his picture.</em></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Amal, a young woman in her twenties, calls for establishing a museum for Halim collecting his belongings like photos, clothes, letters, perfumes, and so on, she says. &ldquo;Seeing the apartment is not enough,&rdquo; she adds.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;Halim is something sacred for me,&rdquo; says Sawsan, a woman in her forties.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Sawsan says she was young when Halim died in 1977, but she visits his home every year since 1986. &ldquo;I love him without having even known him. I adore his songs and movies,&rdquo; Sawsan mentions.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A Moroccan widow who resides in Britain sat in Halim&#39;s hallway. She came from London especially to visit Halim&#39;s house on the anniversary of his death. The woman wept for the loss of Halim and gave herself a pseudonym &ldquo;Nay&rdquo; from one of Halim&#39;s songs.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Khadija, a woman in her fifties, remembers the day Halim died with extreme sorrow. &ldquo;My sister kept wearing black for 40 days after his death and prevented anyone to open a radio or TV as mourning,&rdquo; she says.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;She kept repeating that she was Halim&#39;s widow,&rdquo; Khadija adds.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;I remember well the funeral of Halim. I was in preparatory school when they said Halim died. I ran out of school and I went to take part in the funeral although I was a child,&rdquo; says Nagwa.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;I was ready to sacrifice my soul for him,&rdquo; she adds.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Nagwa says she used to want to die like a woman she saw committing suicide from the balcony as Halim&#39;s funeral passed under her house.</div> Tue, 31 Mar 2015 17:36:00 +0000 Al-Masry Al-Youm 2447160 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/03/31/16030/halim.jpg HEALTHBEAT: Exercise may help speed recovery for some ICU patients medically able to try <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>&nbsp;The intensive care unit is a last frontier for physical therapy: It&#39;s hard to exercise patients hooked to ventilators.</p><p>Some hospitals do manage to help critically ill patients stand or walk even if they&#39;re tethered to life support. Now research that put sick mice on tiny treadmills shows why even a little activity may help speed recovery.</p><p>&quot;I think we can do a better job of implementing early mobility therapies,&quot; said Dr. D. Clark Files of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, who led the research and whose hospital is trying to get more critically ill patients up, ventilator and all.</p><p>Hospitals have long nudged less critical patients out of bed, to prevent their muscles from wasting away. But over the past several years, studies in ICUs have shown that some of the sickest of the sick also could benefit - getting out of intensive care sooner, with fewer complications - once it&#39;s medically feasible for them to try.</p><p>This isn&#39;t just passively changing a patient&#39;s position. It could involve helping them sit on the side of the bed, do arm exercises with an elastic band or in-bed cycling, even walk a bit with nurses holding all the tubes and wires. It takes extra staff, and especially for patients breathing through tubes down their throats, it isn&#39;t clear how often it&#39;s attempted outside specialized centers.</p><p>At Wake Forest Baptist, a physical therapist helped Terry Culler, 54, do arm and leg exercises without dislodging his ventilator tubing, working up to the day he stood for the first time since developing respiratory failure about three weeks earlier. &quot;I cheered, I was clapping,&quot; his wife, Ruanne Culler of Lexington, North Carolina, said after two therapists and a nurse finally helped him to his feet.</p><p>Biologically, why could such mild activity help? Files focused on one especially deadly reason why people wind up on a ventilator: acute respiratory distress syndrome, or ARDS, the problem Terry Culler battled. It strikes about 200,000 Americans a year, usually after someone suffers serious injuries or another illness such as pneumonia; it can rapidly trigger respiratory failure. Survivors suffer profound muscle weakness.</p><p>Files&#39; team injured the lungs of laboratory mice in a way that triggered ARDS. The animals, sick but still breathing on their own, walked or ran on a treadmill for a few minutes at a time over two days.</p><p>That short amount of exercise did more than counter wasting of the animals&#39; limbs. It also slowed weakening of the diaphragm, used to breathe. And it tamped down a dangerous inflammatory process in the lungs that Files suspects fuels muscle damage on top of the wasting of enforced bed-rest.</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s not only putting a load on the legs,&quot; Files explained. &quot;It&#39;s something systemic.&quot;</p><p>When certain white blood cells stick inside ARDS-affected lungs too long, they slow healing. The lungs of the exercised mice contained fewer of those cells - and their blood contained less of the protein that activates them, Files reported in the journal Science Translational Medicine this month.</p><p>Examining blood frozen from ARDS patients who had participated in an earlier Wake Forest Baptist study comparing early mobility to standard ICU care, he found patients who had gotten a little exercise harbored less of that protein.</p><p>The new research adds to the biologic rationale, but there&#39;s already enough evidence supporting early mobility that families should ask whether their loved one is a candidate, said ICU specialist Dr. Catherine Hough of the University of Washington, who wasn&#39;t involved with Files&#39; study.</p><p>She&#39;s surveying a sample of U.S. hospitals and finding variability in how often ICUs try, from those that help a majority of critically ill patients stand to others where no ventilated patients do. Obviously, key is whether the patient can tolerate movement. But so is whether hospitals keep ventilated patients sedated despite research showing many don&#39;t need to be, Hough said.</p><p>Back at Wake Forest Baptist, Terry Culler began the exercises when he was medically stable, and he scribbled notes saying he wanted to participate.</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s given him something to look forward to,&quot; his wife said a few weeks before he was released from the hospital.</p><p>&quot;Ask about it every day,&quot; University of Washington&#39;s Hough advises families, given that critical illness changes frequently. &quot;On Monday, the patient might have a good reason not to be moving forward with mobilization, but there&#39;s a very good chance it&#39;s different on Tuesday,&quot; she said.</p> Tue, 31 Mar 2015 15:56:00 +0000 AP 2447171 at sites/default/files/photo/2014/10/20/484151/fitness.jpg