Egypt Independent: World-Main news http://www.egyptindependent.com//enhome_channel/World/rss.xml en Photo shows one tiny victim of Europe's refugee crisis http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2456991 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2015/09/03/501010/drowned_boy.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>The 3-year-old lies face down, his head to one side with his bottom slightly up -- the way toddlers like to sleep.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But the water is lapping around his face and his body is lifeless.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The boy, in a red T-shirt, blue pants and tiny shoes with Velcro straps, was one of 12 people who drowned off Turkey and washed up on a beach Wednesday.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A photo of him lying alone and being approached by an official has been shared widely around the world, often with the Twitter hashtag #KıyıyaVuranİnsanlık or &quot;Flotsam of Humanity&quot; in Turkish.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><div><strong>&#39;No humanity&#39;</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Some said they hoped the images of the boy lying on the beach and his limp body being scooped up by a rescue worker could be a turning point in the debate over how to handle the surge of people heading toward Europe.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Nadim Houry, Human Rights Watch deputy director for the Middle East and North Africa, described the pictures as &quot;haunting.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Biggest indictment of collective failure,&quot; he wrote.</div><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" data-cards="hidden" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">The image of the <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Syria?src=hash">#Syria</a> boy whose body washed up in Bodrum is haunting. Biggest indictment of collective failure. <a href="http://t.co/C5Taxumfsw">pic.twitter.com/C5Taxumfsw</a></p>&mdash; Nadim Houry (@nadimhoury) <a href="https://twitter.com/nadimhoury/status/639050388755214336">September 2, 2015</a></blockquote><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><p>&quot;Shame on the world!&quot; Burhan Akman tweeted from Turkey, adding in another post, &quot;I see human but no humanity.&quot;</p><blockquote class="twitter-tweet" lang="en"><p dir="ltr" lang="en">I see human but no humanity <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/K%C4%B1y%C4%B1yaVuran%C4%B0nsanl%C4%B1k?src=hash">#KıyıyaVuranİnsanlık</a></p>&mdash; Burhan Akman (@buraakman) <a href="https://twitter.com/buraakman/status/639121270781689857">September 2, 2015</a></blockquote><script async src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js" charset="utf-8"></script><div>The boy and his family were Kurds from Syria trying to reach family in Vancouver, British Columbia, CNN partner CTV reported.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Three members of one family died: The boy, Aylan Kurdi, 3; his brother, Galip, and their mother, Rehen, according to Fin Donnelly, a Canadian member of parliament.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Turkish rescue teams were able to save some people aboard the boats, the governor&#39;s office said. Two men and a child who were traveling in the group are missing.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>More than 2,600 people have died trying to cross the Mediterranean to Europe this year alone -- making the area <u><a href="http://missingmigrants.iom.int/sites/default/files/Mediterranean_Update_31_August_page_2.jpg"><span style="color:#0000ff;">the most deadly migrant crossing</span></a></u> point in the world, according to the <u><a href="http://missingmigrants.iom.int/"><span style="color:#0000ff;">International Organization for Migration</span></a></u>, which warned last month that <u><a href="http://www.iom.int/news/mediterranean-migrant-arrivals-deaths-sea-soar"><span style="color:#0000ff;">the number of deaths was soaring</span></a></u>.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Nearly three quarters of the world&#39;s total number of migrant deaths this year have occurred in the Mediterranean, according to the IOM. And the number of deaths in the region so far this year (2,643) <u><a href="http://missingmigrants.iom.int/en/mediterranean-update-1-september-2015"><span style="color:#0000ff;">is nearly 20% higher than last year (2,223)</span></a></u>.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Some have drowned. Others have been crushed in stampedes. And some have been asphyxiated by boat engine fumes.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;In the last few weeks we have seen many deaths,&quot; Federico Soda, IOM&#39;s director for the Mediterranean region, said last week. &quot;We think that this may be explained by the fact that the smugglers are becoming increasingly violent and cruel.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Crisis spurs varied responses</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>More than 350,000 people have arrived in Europe so far this year, seeking sanctuary from war or persecution or poverty or just seeking a better life.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>There&#39;s been a wildly different response from governments and citizens, some wanting to take people in, others shutting them out.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;I react with terrible frustration,&quot; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Antonio Guterres told CNN Wednesday when asked about his response to the image of the toddler found dead on the Turkish beach.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;These people are forced to go on boats, they pay 4,000 or 5,000 euros and they die in these desperate circumstances. This doesn&#39;t make sense,&quot; he said. &quot;We need to have a coherent response to this situation, and in my opinion, only Europe as a whole, based on solidarity, can give that response.&quot;</div><div id="fb-root">&nbsp;</div><script>(function(d, s, id) { var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; if (d.getElementById(id)) return; js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; js.src = "//connect.facebook.net/en_US/sdk.js#xfbml=1&version=v2.3"; fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs);}(document, 'script', 'facebook-jssdk'));</script><div class="fb-post" data-href="https://www.facebook.com/halagoraniCNN/videos/1163957850287168/" data-width="500"><div class="fb-xfbml-parse-ignore"><blockquote cite="https://www.facebook.com/halagoraniCNN/videos/1163957850287168/"><p>&ldquo;If you are in Cairo, and take a low cost airline to anywhere in Europe, you can travel for &euro;40 or &euro;50. These people are...</p>Posted by <a href="https://www.facebook.com/halagoraniCNN">Hala Gorani</a> on&nbsp;<a href="https://www.facebook.com/halagoraniCNN/videos/1163957850287168/">Wednesday, September 2, 2015</a></blockquote></div></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><div>Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban plans to meet with other members of the European Union on Thursday to figure out how to cope with the emergency. His nation -- a transit point for migrants trying to make their way north -- has responded by erecting a fence along its border with Serbia.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In Germany, the interior minister will address Parliament, after a planned asylum center was burned down.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The European Union foreign policy chief, Federica Mogherini, <u><a href="http://edition.cnn.com/2015/09/02/europe/europe-migrant-crisis/index.html"><span style="color:#0000ff;">urged &quot;united&quot; action Wednesday and said the issue will be part of the next EU foreign ministers meeting</span></a></u> on Friday and Saturday.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Czech authorities said Wednesday they&#39;ve started to remove migrants traveling without documentation from trains. In some instances, Czech police have been marking and numbering the migrants with washable ink.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;We cannot let people without any documents and identification travel through the Czech territory. We have to question them. It&#39;s our legal obligation,&quot; said Katerina Rendlova, a Czech immigration official. &quot;I know other states are not doing it, letting them pass freely to the next country, but we have laws that don&#39;t allow us to do it.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Caught in the middle are the desperate men and women, many with children in tow, who are fleeing in overcrowded, sometimes deadly voyages by land and by sea.</div></div><p>&nbsp;</p></div><p>&nbsp;</p> Thu, 03 Sep 2015 14:00:00 +0000 CNN 2456991 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2015/09/03/501010/drowned_boy.jpg China holds massive military parade, to cut troop levels by 300,000 http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2456969 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2015/09/03/499612/soldiers_of_chinas_peoples_liberation_army_pla.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>President Xi Jinping announced on Thursday he would cut troop levels by 300,000 as<a href="http://uk.reuters.com/places/china" title="Full coverage of China">China</a>&nbsp;held its biggest display of military might in a parade to commemorate victory over Japan in World War Two, an event shunned by most Western leaders.</p><p>China&#39;s confidence in its armed forces and growing military assertiveness, especially in the disputed South China Sea, has rattled the region and drawn criticism from Washington.</p><p>Xi, speaking on a rostrum overlooking Beijing&#39;s Tiananmen Square before the parade began, said China would cut by 13 percent one of the world&#39;s biggest militaries, currently 2.3-million strong.</p><p>He gave no timeframe for a reduction that is likely part of long-mooted military rationalisation plans, which have included spending more money on high-tech weapons for the navy and air force. Troop numbers have been cut three times already since the 1980s.</p><p>&quot;Prejudice and discrimination, hatred and war can only cause disaster and pain,&quot; Xi said under a clear blue sky. &quot;China will always uphold the path of peaceful development.&quot;</p><p>He then descended to Beijing&#39;s main thoroughfare and inspected rows of troops, riding past them in a black limousine and bellowing repeatedly: &quot;Hello comrades, hard-working comrades!&quot;</p><p>More than 12,000 soldiers, mostly Chinese but with contingents from&nbsp;<a href="http://uk.reuters.com/places/russia" title="Full coverage of Russia">Russia</a>&nbsp;and elsewhere, then marched down Changan Avenue, led by veterans of World War Two carried in vehicles.</p><p>They were followed by ballistic missiles, tanks and armoured vehicles, many never seen in public before. Advanced fighter jets and bombers flew overhead in a highly choreographed spectacle that lasted around 90 minutes.</p><p>Among the weapons China unveiled for the first time was an anti-ship ballistic missile, the Dongfeng-21D, which is reportedly capable of destroying an aircraft carrier with one hit.</p><p>Also shown were several intercontinental ballistic missiles such as the DF-5B and the DF-31A as well as the DF-26 intermediate range ballistic missile, dubbed the &quot;Guam killer&quot; in reference to a U.S. Pacific Ocean base.</p><p><strong>SIGN OF STRENGTH</strong></p><p>Greg Austin, a professorial fellow at the East-West Institute in New York, said the troop cuts had nothing to do with curbing military power.</p><p>&quot;It&#39;s a determination to expand military power by redirecting money to higher impact, higher technologies, which can have more strategic effect,&quot; he said, referring to the maritime, cyber and space frontiers.</p><p>Peng Guangqian, deputy head of China&#39;s Council for National Security Policy Studies, said the equipment on display was intended to show the combat readiness of the People&#39;s Liberation Army (PLA).</p><p>&quot;This indicates a change of the PLA training strategy; with more focus on actual combat,&quot; Peng told the official Xinhua news agency.</p><p>For Xi, the parade was a welcome distraction from the country&#39;s plunging stock markets, slowing economic growth and recent blasts at a chemical warehouse that killed at least 160 people.</p><p>Xi was joined by Russian President Vladimir Putin and leaders of several other nations with close ties to China, including Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, who is wanted for war crimes by the International Criminal Court.</p><p>Most Western leaders rebuffed invitations to attend, diplomats said, unhappy about the guest list and wary of the message China would send with the show of strength.</p><p><a href="http://uk.reuters.com/places/japan" title="Full coverage of Japan">Japan</a>ese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe did not attend the parade, which was held one day after the 70th anniversary of Tokyo&#39;s surrender in World War Two.</p><p>China&#39;s government repeatedly said the parade was not aimed at today&#39;s Japan, but to remember the past and to remind the world of China&#39;s huge sacrifices during the conflict.</p><p>However, it rarely misses an opportunity to draw attention to Japan&#39;s wartime role. On Wednesday, Xi said Japanese invaders before and during World War Two behaved with barbarity.</p><p><strong>CHINESE NAVY IN BERING SEA</strong></p><p>Xi has set great store on China&#39;s military modernisation, including developing an ocean-going &quot;blue water&quot; navy capable of defending the country&#39;s growing global interests.</p><p>In a sign of that emerging capability, five Chinese Navy ships were sailing in international waters in the Bering Sea off Alaska, the Pentagon said on Wednesday, at a time when U.S. President Barack Obama is touring the state.</p><p>China&#39;s Defence Ministry said the ships were there as part of routine drills not aimed at any particular country.</p><p>Pentagon spokesman Captain Jeff Davis said it was the first time the United States had seen Chinese navy ships in the Bering Sea.</p><p>&quot;It is living up to what the Chinese have been saying, &#39;We are now a blue water navy. We will operate in the far seas and we are a global presence&#39;,&quot; said Dean Cheng, a China expert at the Heritage Foundation think-tank in Washington.</p><p>Xi will meet Obama in Washington for talks later this month that will be dominated by a host of issues, including China&#39;s growing military reach.</p><p>Beijing was locked down to ensure nothing went wrong at the parade, with much of the downtown off-limits, a three-day holiday declared and ordinary people kept well away.</p><p>&quot;This parade and patriotism are two separate things,&quot; said Mi Guoxian, who had come to Beijing for a wedding, standing on a nearly deserted street behind a line of police.</p><p>&quot;This is for the national leaders.&quot;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>(Additional reporting by Michael Martina and Meng Meng in BEIJING, Matt Siegel in SYDNEY, Kaori Kaneko in TOKYO and&nbsp;<a href="http://blogs.reuters.com/search/journalist.php?edition=uk&amp;n=phil.stewart&amp;">Phil Stewart</a>&nbsp;in WASHINGTON; Editing by&nbsp;<a href="http://blogs.reuters.com/search/journalist.php?edition=uk&amp;n=dean.yates&amp;">Dean Yates</a>&nbsp;and&nbsp;<a href="http://blogs.reuters.com/search/journalist.php?edition=uk&amp;n=nick.macfie&amp;">Nick Macfie</a>)</p> Thu, 03 Sep 2015 08:03:00 +0000 Reuters 2456969 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2015/09/03/499612/soldiers_of_chinas_peoples_liberation_army_pla.jpg Migrants storm train at Budapest's main station after police withdraw http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2456968 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2015/08/31/499612/migrants_travel_on_the_train_to_austria_and_germany.jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Migrants poured into Budapest&#39;s main railway station on Thursday after Hungarian police withdrew following a two-day standoff, triggering chaotic scenes.</p><p>Hundreds stormed a train, cramming children through open windows in the belief they might travel west to Austria and&nbsp;<a href="http://uk.reuters.com/places/germany" title="Full coverage of Germany">Germany</a>. Hungary&#39;s main railway operator, however, said there were no direct trains leaving to western Europe.</p><p>&quot;Attention please, on Track 8 the train does not depart. Please get off the train,&quot; the station said over intercom.</p><p>There was no immediate word about why the police withdrew.</p><p>Over 2,000 migrants, many of them refugees from conflicts in the Middle East and Africa, had been camped in front of the Keleti Railway Terminus, closed to them by authorities saying European Union rules bar travel by those without valid documents.</p><p>The standoff has become the latest symbol of Europe&rsquo;s migration crisis, the continent&rsquo;s worst since the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s.</p><p>The police withdrawal at the station coincided with the start of a special parliamentary session to debate tightening migration laws and punishment for those caught trying to breach a 3.5-metre high fence Hungary is building on its border with Serbia.</p><p>Senior ruling party lawmaker Gergely Gulyas said the amendments could be passed this week and cut the number of illegal border crossings to &ldquo;zero&rdquo; by mid-September.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>(Reporting by Marton Dunai and Sandor Peto; Writing by Matt Robinson; editing by Anna Willard)</p> Thu, 03 Sep 2015 07:52:00 +0000 Reuters 2456968 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2015/08/31/499612/migrants_travel_on_the_train_to_austria_and_germany.jpg France, Germany and Italy call for reform of asylum rules http://www.egyptindependent.com//node/2456966 <img src="http://www.egyptindependent.com///sites/default/files/imagecache/media_thumbnail/photo/2015/09/01/499612/migrants_face_hungarian_police_in_the_main_eastern_railway_station_in_budapest_hungary_september_1_2015..jpg" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Germany, France and Italy called for an overhaul of laws on the right of asylum and a fairer distribution of migrants throughout the European Union, Italy&#39;s foreign minister said Wednesday.</p><p>The foreign ministers of the three countries signed a joint letter emphasising &quot;the shortcomings&quot; of the current European asylum system.</p><p>In the letter, signed by Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Paolo Gentiloni and Laurent Fabius, they called for &quot;a fair distribution of refugees&quot; throughout the European Union.</p><p>&quot;The current refugee crisis is putting the European Union and all of its member states to a historic test. Over the past weeks, this crisis has become even more dramatic,&quot; it read.</p><p>&quot;Europe must protect refugees in need of protection in a humane way ? regardless of which EU country they arrive in.&quot;</p><p>The document was addressed to the EU&#39;s foreign policy chief, Federica Mogherini, ahead of an informal meeting of EU foreign ministers in Luxembourg on Friday and Saturday.</p><p>&quot;A more efficient asylum system for persons in need of international protection goes hand-in-hand with a more efficient repatriation policy of irregular migrants at the EU level, with the aim of granting refugee status rapidly and efficiently to those who are genuinely in need of international protection,&quot; it said.</p><p>Italy has long called for an EU policy on immigration and the creation of a EU law on asylum, something that would require the reform of existing legislation.</p><p>Accords reached in Dublin in 1990 on the right of asylum oblige refugees to make their case in the first EU country they reach, where they should also be registered.</p><p>But countries in northern Europe complain that Italy and Greece fail to identify the new arrivals, allowing many to continue travelling to seek asylum elsewhere.</p> Thu, 03 Sep 2015 07:37:00 +0000 AFP 2456966 at http://www.egyptindependent.com sites/default/files/photo/2015/09/01/499612/migrants_face_hungarian_police_in_the_main_eastern_railway_station_in_budapest_hungary_september_1_2015..jpg