Egypt Independent: World-Main news en Australia researchers create 'world first' 3D-printed jet engines <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div><div>Australian researchers said Thursday they have created two jet engines using 3D printing in what is described as a world-first that has attracted the interest of major manufacturers and engineering firms.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The machines -- produced using the template of a gas turbine engine from French aircraft engine maker Safran, which supplies Airbus and Boeing -- demonstrated the potential 3D printing had to produce high-quality products, researchers from Melbourne&#39;s Monash University said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;The significance... is the recognition by major manufacturers and engineering companies like Safran and Airbus that the material you can print using 3D metal printing is of aircraft quality and I think that&#39;s hugely significant,&quot; the university&#39;s Ian Smith told AFP.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;It&#39;s a disruptive technology. We&#39;ve seen a lot happening in the plastics and polymer space but this is exciting because it&#39;s now metals and light metals and things like titanium, nickel and aluminium.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>3D printing was invented in the 1980s and employs lasers to &quot;print&quot; objects from metals or plastics according to a digital design.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>There has been a recent upsurge in interest tied to patents on the original technology expiring -- opening the way for competition that will drive up quality and push down prices.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Wu Xinhua, from Monash University, said her team created the machines by pulling apart the old engine and scanning its components, with the complex project taking a year to complete.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>One of the engines is on display at the Australian International Airshow in Melbourne with the second in Toulouse at the French aerospace company Microturbo.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Xinhua and her Monash team have demonstrated their mastery of additive manufacturing in metal,&quot; said Jean-Francois Rideau, head of research and technology at Microturbo.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Smith said the technology could be used to build prototypes and customised components quickly and cheaply.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The 3D metals printers could also be used in the biomedical industry to create body parts or equipment.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Where we see some of the big opportunities are in the medical space where you can make bespoke parts for the body -- replacement joints and hips designed specifically for that individual,&quot; he said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;A lot of surgeons want to make their own instruments that are customised for them or a particular surgical procedure.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Market researcher Gartner last year forecast that worldwide spending on 3D printing will rise from US$1.6 billion in 2015 to around $13.4 billion in 2018.</div><div>&nbsp;</div></div><p>&nbsp;</p> Thu, 26 Feb 2015 13:25:00 +0000 AFP 2445100 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/02/26/501184/6699185eff774d900048a56f5d5766d89848458f.jpg Poll: Half of British Muslims 'discriminated against' <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Half of the British Muslim population say they are discriminated against in the United Kingdom as it has become less tolerant towards Muslims, according to an opinion poll.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>While almost all Muslims in Britain -- 95 percent -- say they feel a loyalty to the country, 46 percent said prejudice against Islam makes it difficult to be a Muslim in Britain, the ComRes polling and research consultancy published Wednesday.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Only 6 percent of the 1,000 British Muslims polled by telephone between 26 January and 20 February said they felt disloyal towards the country, in a survey conducted after two attacks in Paris left 17 people dead in January.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In reference to the attack on the offices of satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo in the French capital on 7 January, about two-thirds, or 68 percent, said acts of violence against those who published images of Prophet Muhammad could never be justified while nearly a quarter, 24 percent, disagreed.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>&#39;Out of touch&#39;</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Although 27 percent said they had some sympathy for the motives of those behind the attacks on the Charlie Hebdo offices, a total of 93 percent said they believed Muslims in Britain should always obey British laws.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Eleven percent of British Muslims said they felt sympathetic towards people who wanted to fight against western interests, while 85 percent said they did not.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Nearly half -- 49 percent -- said they believed Muslim clerics preaching that violence against the West could be justified were out of touch with mainstream Muslim opinion, while 45 percent disagreed.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It is estimated that there are more than 2.8 million Muslims in Great Britain -- about 4.4 percent of the population.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Thu, 26 Feb 2015 11:07:00 +0000 Anadolu Agency 2445075 at sites/default/files/photo/2014/11/27/43/604.jpg US charges three for planning to join Islamic State group <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>A Brooklyn court charged three men Wednesday with conspiracy to provide support to a terrorist organisation for planning to join the<a href=""> Islamic State group</a>. One suspect had threatened US President Barack Obama in comments online.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Two men arrested on charges of plotting to help the Islamic State group were vocal both online and in personal conversations about their commitment and desire to join the extremists, with one of them threatening to shoot President Barack Obama to &ldquo;strike fear in the hearts of infidels,&rdquo; federal authorities said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The men were among three charged Wednesday with attempt and conspiracy to provide material support to a terrorist organization.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Akhror Saidakhmetov, 19, was arrested at Kennedy Airport, where he was attempting to board a flight to Istanbul, with plans to head to Syria, authorities said. Another man, 24-year-old Abdurasul Hasanovich Juraboev, had a ticket to travel to Istanbul next month and was arrested in Brooklyn, federal prosecutors said. The two were held without bail after a brief court appearance.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A third defendant, Abror Habibov, 30, is accused of helping fund Saidakhmetov&rsquo;s efforts. He was ordered held without bail in Florida.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>If convicted, each faces a maximum of 15 years in prison.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>New York Police Department Commissioner William Bratton said this was the first public case in New York involving possible fighters going to the Islamic State, but he hinted at ongoing investigations.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;This is real,&rdquo; Bratton said. &ldquo;This is the concern about the lone wolf, inspired to act without ever going to the Mideast.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Authorities said Juraboev first came to the attention of law enforcement in August, when he posted on an Uzbek-language website that propagates the Islamic State ideology.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;Greetings! We too want to pledge our allegiance and commit ourselves while not present there,&rdquo; he wrote, according to federal authorities. &ldquo;Is it possible to commit ourselves as dedicated martyrs anyway while here?&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;What I&rsquo;m saying is, to shoot Obama and then get shot ourselves, will it do? That will strike fear in the hearts of infidels.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Saidakhmetov&rsquo;s mother took away his passport to try to prevent him from traveling, according to the federal complaint. When he called his mother and asked for it back, she ended up hanging up on him. She had asked him where he wanted to go and he said that a person who had the chance to join the Islamic State group and didn&rsquo;t would face divine judgment.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Habibov had recently been a Brooklyn resident before moving a few years ago and falling out of contact with the borough&rsquo;s Uzbek community, said Farhod Sulton, president of the Brooklyn-based Vatandosh Uzbek-American Federation.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>At some point, he stopped coming to Uzbek gatherings, Sulton said, and he was reading extremist literature. &ldquo;We had a tense conversation about the ultra-orthodox understanding of Islam. I think he got into the wrong hands in terms of learning Islam.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Loretta Lynch, who is Obama&rsquo;s choice to be US attorney general, said &ldquo;The flow of foreign fighters to Syria represents an evolving threat to our country and to our allies.&rdquo;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Saidakhmetov&rsquo;s attorney, Adam Perlmutter, said his client was a &ldquo;young, innocent kid&rdquo; who would plead not guilty.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&ldquo;This is the type of case that highlights everything that is wrong with how the Justice Department approaches these cases,&rdquo; Perlmutter said. Juraboev&rsquo;s attorney had no immediate comment.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Saidakhmetov is a Brooklyn resident and citizen of Kazakhstan. Juraboev is a Brooklyn resident from Uzbekistan. Habibov had been in the US legally, but his visa had expired. He was appointed a public defender on Wednesday.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The Islamic State group largely consists of Sunni militants from Iraq and Syria but has also drawn fighters from across the Muslim world and Europe.</div> Thu, 26 Feb 2015 11:03:00 +0000 AFP 2445097 at sites/default/files/photo/2014/12/15/499612/islamic_state_in_middle_east.jpg Bahrain sentences three men to death for killing policeman <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Three Shia Muslim men were sentenced to death by a Bahrain court on Thursday and seven others were given a life term for killing three policeman, the kingdom&#39;s Public Prosecution said on its Twitter account.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The ruling is the latest in a series of strict penalties handed down to those accused of seeking to destabilise the Western-allied kingdom.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Sporadic protests and occasional bomb attacks have shaken Bahrain since the Sunni Muslim-led government quelled mass protests in 2011 led by members of the Shia majority demanding reforms.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The men were found guilty of killing three policemen last March, including Lieutenant Tareq Mohammed al-Shehhi from the neighbouring United Arab Emirates.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Three defendants were sentenced to death and life imprisonment (was handed down) for the remaining accused,&quot; the public prosecution said on its Twitter account, adding that a number the men will be stripped of their nationality.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Bahrain crushed demonstrations that began on 14 February, 2011, amid the protest wave sweeping other Arab countries, but it has yet to resolve the conflict between majority Shia and the Sunni-led monarchy they accuse of oppressing them.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In 2011, Saudi Arabia and the UAE sent forces to support Bahrain&#39;s rulers and confront the protests.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Bahrain, where the US Fifth Fleet is based, has accused Iran of fomenting unrest in the country, a charge Tehran denies.</div> Thu, 26 Feb 2015 10:46:00 +0000 Reuters 2445095 at sites/default/files/photo/2015/02/14/499612/bahrain_uprising.jpg