Egypt Independent: World-Main news en Muslim men over 50 return to Jerusalem's Aqsa mosque, tension high <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><p>Muslim worshippers over the age of 50 returned to pray at Al Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem&#39;s Old City on Friday, a day after Israeli authorities shut down all access to the sacred compound following violence in East Jerusalem.</p><p>The Muslim quarter of the Old City was calm early in the day, the Muslim holy day, and police said pre-dawn prayers had passed off without incident. However, security was tight ahead of midday prayers, when more people were expected to attend.</p><p>Israeli border police increased their presence in the cobblestone alleyways of the Old City and around the Muslim access points or gates into the Al Aqsa compound, checking identification papers closely.</p><p>Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas described the closure of Al Aqsa as &quot;tantamount to a declaration of war&quot; by Israel.</p><p>His Fatah party and Hamas had called for a &quot;day of rage&quot; in Jerusalem to protest at the closure of the holy site that was partially reopened late on Thursday. Rainfall in Jerusalem, the first in weeks, looked likely to dampen any protests.</p><p>Locals said it was the first time Al Aqsa had been closed to all visitors - Muslims, Jews and tourists - since 2000, when the second Intifada or Palestinian uprising began. But Jordanian religious authorities said it was first full closure since 1967.</p><p>Israel police frequently limit access to Al Aqsa to women and Muslim men over the age of 40 or 50 when they are concerned about potential clashes at the site. It was not clear when the compound would be reopened to all Muslim worshippers.</p><p>&quot;I normally go five times a day to pray, but the police are not letting me today,&quot; said Ahmed Abu Zaaror, 21, who runs a fruitstand in the Muslim quarter of the Old City. Asked if he was angry at the situation he said:</p><p>&quot;What can I say? I have to keep all my anger inside.&quot;</p> Fri, 31 Oct 2014 12:05:00 +0000 Reuters 2439404 at sites/default/files/photo/2013/07/13/5886/aqsa.jpg Burkina president rejects opposition calls to step down after violence <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Burkina Faso&#39;s President Blaise Compaore said on Thursday he would stay in power at the head of a transitional government until after elections, rejecting opposition calls for him to step down immediately following a day of violent protests.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The head of the armed forces, General Honore Traore, had earlier dissolved parliament and announced talks with all political parties to create an interim government to take the West African country to democratic elections within a year.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The move came after at least three protesters were shot dead and scores wounded in clashes with security forces as demonstrators attacked the homes of senior members of the ruling party and symbols of Compaore&#39;s long rule.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Hundreds of people had earlier stormed parliament, looting the building and setting it on fire, while others ransacked state television, forcing it off the air.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Protests also gripped Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina&#39;s second-largest city, and other towns across the gold and cotton-producing country.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;I have heard the message, understood it and taken note of strong desire for change,&quot; Compaore said in a statement broadcast on BF1 TV. &quot;I am available to open talks on a transitional period at the end of which I will hand over power to the democratically elected president.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Compaore, who seized power in a military coup in 1987, said he had dissolved his government and was lifting martial law that was announced earlier in the day.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>He also scrapped plans for an unpopular constitutional amendment that would have allowed him to seek reelection next year, a prospect that had sparked Thursday&#39;s protests.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Regional West African bloc ECOWAS had said earlier on Thursday that it would not accept any party seizing power through non-constitutional means - suggesting diplomatic pressure to leave Compaore in place.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A delegation from the African Union, the United Nations and ECOWAS was due in Burkina Faso on Friday to hold talks with all parties involved.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Fri, 31 Oct 2014 08:06:00 +0000 Reuters 2439393 at sites/default/files/photo/2014/10/30/484151/part-ref-ts-par8016497-1-1-0.jpg Kurds' battle for Kobani unites a people divided by borders <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Cloaked in Kurdish flags, thousands of people lined the roads to cheer on a military convoy headed for what was - until recently - an obscure Syrian border town, now the focus of a global war against the militants of Islamic State.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The Iraqi Kurdish peshmerga were on their way to help fellow Kurds defend Kobani in a battle that has assumed huge significance in the United States&#39; campaign to &quot;degrade and destroy&quot; the hardline Islamist insurgency.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It is unclear whether the small but heavily armed contingent of peshmerga will be enough to swing the battle, but the deployment is a potent display of unity between Kurdish groups that more often seek to undermine each other.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The unified front is being forged as Kurds emerge as the West&#39;s most trusted and effective partner on the ground in both Iraq and Syria.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But preserving that unity be tricky, given the competing ambitions for leadership of the world&#39;s more than 30 million Kurds, the majority of whom are Sunni Muslim, but who tend to identify more strongly with their ethnicity than religion.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Governments in each of the four countries across which they are spread - Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Iran - have tended to exploit internal Kurdish divisions to thwart their aspirations for independence.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;We all want the Kurdish people to be united,&quot; said 33-year old Ayyoub Sheikho, who fled Kobani last month and is now living in a newly pitched row of tents at a refugee camp in Iraq&#39;s Kurdistan region. &quot;If we don&#39;t unite we will be trampled on.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Fuad Hussein, the Kurdistan president&#39;s chief of staff, said Islamic State had &quot;destroyed the borders&quot;.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;It is the same terrorist organization that attacks in (the Iraqi towns of) Khanaqin in Jalawla in Mosul in Kirkuk but also in (Syrian) Kobani, so this created a feeling of solidarity among the Kurds,&quot; he told Reuters.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>National Identity</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><span style="font-size: 14px;">The deployment of peshmerga to Kobani illustrates the unprecedented degree of cooperation that has emerged between Kurdish groups across borders since Islamic State overran a third of Iraq this summer and proclaimed a caliphate straddling the frontier with Syria.</span></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>When Islamic State targeted Iraqi Kurdistan in August, fighters from the Kurdistan Workers&#39; Party (PKK) descended from mountain bases on the Turkey-Iraq border to help blunt the offensive.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Around the same time, fighters from a Syrian Kurd group that has surged to prominence during the civil war there -- the People&#39;s Protection Units (YPG) -- crossed into Iraq to save thousands of minority Yazidis from death at the hands of Islamic State militants who had torn through the peshmerga&#39;s defenses.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Kurds from Iran have also been fighting alongside peshmerga forces in Iraqi Kurdistan.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Kurds today are more unified than ever before, and even if they were to take a few steps back, they will still be much further ahead than they were six months ago,&rdquo; said Henri Barkey, a former State Department official who now teaches at Lehigh University in the United States. &quot;The upshot of all of this is a consolidation of Kurdish national identity&quot;.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Stretched</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><span style="font-size: 14px;">If Kobani were to fall, officials in Iraqi Kurdistan say they fear a domino effect on Syria&#39;s two other Kurdish &quot;cantons&quot;, precipitating a fresh wave of refugees into the autonomous region, already struggling to accommodate more than 1 million people displaced by violence within Iraq.</span></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It would also boost the morale of Islamic State in Iraq, where the peshmerga have been regaining ground in the north since US air strikes began in August.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Nevertheless, some question why Iraqi Kurds have deployed peshmerga abroad when they are still stretched at home, and have yet to win back all the territory they let slip.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The decision to reinforce Kobani was made under intense popular pressure from Kurds worldwide.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Barzani&#39;s efforts to extend his influence across the border into Syria have been repeatedly frustrated by the Democratic Union Party (PYD), the political wing group of the YPG militia, which has emerged as the dominant Kurdish force there.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Rival Syrian Kurdish parties backed by Barzani have looked increasingly irrelevant by comparison. The U.S. government held its first publicly acknowledged meeting with the PYD in October and the YPG says it has been coordinating air strikes with the U.S. military during the Kobani campaign.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Relations between the Kurds in Iraq and Syria have been rocky.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Hundreds of Syrian Kurds trained under Barzani&#39;s auspices in northern Iraq, but the PYD refused to let them back in, saying its own YPG militia was the only legitimate armed force.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In turn, PYD leaders were denied entry to Iraqi Kurdistan, and, earlier this year, the regional government dug a trench along its frontier with Syria, citing concerns about Islamic State infiltration.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The PYD said that was a clear attempt to throttle its nascent administration, which the Iraqi Kurds did not officially recognize until this month.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But, in another sudden sign of unity, the Syrian PYD -- which some say has been tarnished by its association the Turkish militant group PKK -- struck a power-sharing deal with other Syrian factions last week, a move aimed at least in part to improve its image abroad.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Commander in Chief</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><span style="font-size: 14px;">As the peshmerga convoy departed Iraqi Kurdistan for Turkey, en route to Kobani, Kurds held aloft framed portraits of Barzani and his father, Mullah Mustafa, revered as a pillar of Kurdish nationalism. Some prostrated themselves in the road.</span></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>By deploying the peshmerga -- of which he is commander in chief -- to Kobani now, Barzani is boosting his credentials as a transnational leader of the Kurds and their interlocutor with the West.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A senior member of a rival party in Iraqi Kurdistan said the move would also help boost Barzani&#39;s popularity after setbacks on the battlefield this summer, and mend some of the political damage inflicted by his perceived over-reliance on Turkey, which failed the Kurds in their time of need.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Turkey is one of Iraqi Kurdistan&#39;s closest political and economic allies, yet Ankara fears that if Syria&#39;s Kurds follow the example set by their brethren in Iraq and seek an independent state in northern Syria, it could embolden Kurdish militants in Turkey and derail a fragile peace process.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Turkey&#39;s reluctance to support the fight against Islamic State over the border in Syria enraged its own Kurdish minority, complicated efforts to provide aid to Kobani and meant negotiations to enable the passage of the peshmerga through Turkish territory were delicate and complex.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Rival groups&#39; links to different regional powers, remain a threat to Kurdish unity, according to Maria Fantappie, Iraq analyst with International Crisis Group.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;I see this as a temporary convergence of interest more than lasting realignment,&quot; she said. &quot;Beside ideological differences dividing KDP (Barzani&#39;s party) and PYD, these two parties&#39; regional ties, with Turkey and Iran respectively, remain the largest impediment to the formation of a united Kurdish front.&quot;</div> Fri, 31 Oct 2014 07:49:00 +0000 Reuters 2439391 at sites/default/files/photo/2014/10/07/94/download.jpg US 'deeply concerned' by Burkina Faso crisis <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>The United States warned Thursday that it was &quot;deeply concerned&quot; about the crisis unfolding in Burkina Faso and criticized a bid by the West African country&#39;s president to alter the constitution.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;We believe democratic institutions are strengthened when established rules are adhered to with consistency,&quot; the White House said, after protesters set fire to the parliament in Ouagadougou.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Protests erupted in Burkina Faso after supporters of President Blaise Compaore attempted to alter the constitution to remove term limits and allow him to stand for election to extend his 27-year-rule.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>On Thursday, amid widespread unrest, demonstrators broke through a security cordon and set parliament ablaze before confronting soldiers guarding a route to the presidential palace.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The White House statement, issued by National Security Council spokeswoman Bernadette Meehan, urged all parties to act peacefully but blamed the unrest on the attempt to change election rules.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;The United States is deeply concerned about the deteriorating situation in Burkina Faso, resulting from efforts to amend the constitution to enable the incumbent head of state to seek another term after 27 years in office,&quot; she said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;We call on all parties, including the security forces, to end the violence and return to a peaceful process to create a future for Burkina Faso that will build on Burkina Faso&#39;s hard-won democratic gains.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The Burkina Faso government has called off the parliamentary vote on changing the constitution, but it was not immediately clear if this was a temporary concession or an admission of defeat.</div> Thu, 30 Oct 2014 16:52:00 +0000 AFP 2439386 at sites/default/files/photo/2014/10/30/484151/part-ref-ts-par8016497-1-1-0.jpg