Egypt Independent: World-Main news en Malaysian PM urges intervention to stop 'genocide' of Myanmar's Rohingya Muslims <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak called for foreign intervention to stop the &quot;genocide&quot; of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar on Sunday, as he joined thousands of Rohingya protesters in Kuala Lumpur.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Muslim-Majority Malaysia has been increasingly critical of Myanmar&#39;s handling of violence and allegations of state abuses in northern Rakhine state, which has driven hundreds of ethnic Rohingya to flee across the borders to Bangladesh.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It described the violence as &quot;ethnic cleansing&quot; on Saturday.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Najib called on the United Nations, the International Criminal Court and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation to intervene.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;The world cannot just sit by and watch genocide taking place,&quot; he told the crowd.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Najib&#39;s attendance came despite warnings from Myanmar that Malaysia risked violating the Association of Southeast Asian Nations&#39; (ASEAN) principle of non-interference in other members&#39; internal affairs.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In response, Najib said ASEAN, which agreed to declare itself a single community last year, had also pledged in its charter to uphold basic human rights.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>He also accused Myanmar leader and Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi of inaction, saying that she had declared the Rohingya issue off-limits during bilateral discussions.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;How can this be? We should be allowed to discuss everything,&quot; he said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The gathering, organized by Najib&#39;s ruling United Malay National Organisation (UMNO) and the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party, attracted around 10,000 people, mostly Rohingya.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Malaysia summoned Myanmar&#39;s ambassador last week to express concern over the crackdown on Rohingya. It also canceled the national soccer team&#39;s friendly under-22 matches with Myanmar in protest.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Rohingya Society in Malaysia president Faisal Islam Muhammad Kassim said he appreciated Malaysia&#39;s efforts to find a solution to the crisis.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;We want the Malaysian government to (send a) message to the Muslim world and the Western countries, to pressure the Myanmar government to solve this Rohingya issue,&quot; he said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The violence in Myanmar is the most serious bloodshed in Rakhine since communal clashes in 2012 that killed hundreds.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Persecution and poverty led thousands of Rohingya to flee Myanmar following the violence between Buddhists and Muslims there four years ago. Many of them were smuggled or trafficked to neighboring countries, mostly to Thailand and Malaysia.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Najib, who has been buffeted by graft allegations he denies, vowed on Thursday to fight to the end for Malays and Islam, as he called on UMNO to prepare for elections that are &quot;coming soon&quot;.</div> Sun, 04 Dec 2016 08:12:00 +0000 Reuters 2474638 at sites/default/files/photo/2012/06/28/72636/s1.reutersmedia.net_.jpg Castro to be laid to rest next to Cuban independence hero Marti <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Fidel Castro will be laid to rest on Sunday alongside the mausoleum of Cuban independence hero Jose Marti, ensuring that the polarizing nature of Castro&#39;s life will continue in death.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Castro and his leftist revolutionaries claimed Marti&#39;s mantle upon overthrowing a U.S.-backed regime in 1959 and later married Marti&#39;s ideals to their brand of Soviet communism, enraging other nationalists, anti-communists and Cuban exiles who also claim Marti as their own.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The interment ceremony, billed as solemn and simple, is due to start at 7 a.m. EST (1200 GMT). Nine days of national mourning come to an end at noon (1700 GMT).</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Castro, who survived five decades of U.S. attempts to kill or overthrow him, died on Nov. 25 age 90, a decade after resigning from office due to an intestinal illness and ceding power to his brother, current President Raul Castro, 85.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Even in retirement, Fidel Castro was beloved by leftists and anti-imperialist&#39;s around the world and hated by political opponents who believe he ruined Cuba with a one-party state and socialist folly.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Hundreds of thousands of Cubans flooded plazas and lined highways in tributes to Castro as a funeral cortege drove his cremated remains some 600 miles (1,000 km) from Havana to Santiago, the city where Castro launched his revolution in the 1950s. Raul said &quot;millions&quot; came out to pay respects.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Marti, a leading poet and writer who penned the lyrics to the song &quot;Guantanamera,&quot; provided intellectual heft behind the reasons for breaking from Spain and safeguarding Cuban sovereignty and national identity from foreign powers such the United States.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>He died in battle in 1895 during Cuba&#39;s war of independence from Spain.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;The union of two ideas was very important for the Cuban people,&quot; said Maria Martinez, 50, who works in a museum. &quot;Fidel is a follower of Marti&#39;s ideas.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Castro&#39;s cremated remains will be entombed next to Marti&#39;s castle-like mausoleum in Santiago&#39;s Santa Ifigenia cemetery.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Busts of Marti appear everywhere in Cuba, Havana&#39;s international airport is named after him, and there is a towering monument to him in Havana&#39;s Revolution Square.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But Fidel Castro will not receive similar treatment. Raul Castro announced on Saturday that, respecting Fidel&#39;s wishes, no streets, plazas nor public buildings will bear Fidel Castro&#39;s name, and no statues nor monuments will be built in his honor.</div> Sun, 04 Dec 2016 08:08:00 +0000 Reuters 2474637 at sites/default/files/photo/2016/12/04/505446/a_woman_holds_an_image_of_former_cuban_leader_fidel_castro_at_a_tribute_to_castro_in_santiago_de_cuba_cuba_december_3_2016._reuters.jpg Italy votes in referendum, with PM Renzi's future at stake <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Italians started to vote on Sunday in a referendum on constitutional reform which will decide the political future of Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, who has promised to resign if he loses.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Financial markets and Europe&#39;s politicians fear victory for the opposition &#39;No&#39; camp could trigger political instability and renewed turmoil for Italy&#39;s battered banks, pushing the euro zone towards a new crisis.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Polls opened at 7 am (06.00 GMT), with about 51 million Italians eligible to vote on Renzi&#39;s plan to drastically reduce the role of the upper house Senate and claw back powers from regional authorities.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>With all the opposition parties lined up against the reform, a victory for Renzi would be a surprise and represent an enormous personal triumph for Italy&#39;s youngest prime minister who often appeared to be fighting the campaign single-handed.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>All surveys published in the month before a blackout was imposed on November 18 put the &#39;No&#39; camp ahead. Private polls have continued to be conducted in the last two weeks and bookmakers say &#39;No&#39; remains the clear favorite to win.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>However, in the final days of frenetic campaigning Renzi insisted the public mood was changing, focusing his attention on the millions of Italians who said they were undecided.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Pippo Nicosia, a stall-holder at Campo dei Fiori market in central Rome, said he would vote &#39;Yes&#39; but had no doubt about the result. &quot;&#39;No&#39; will win, everything will collapse so we might as well all go on holiday,&quot; he said.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div><strong>Crucial Turnout</strong></div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Turnout, expected at between 50 and 60 percent, could be crucial. Pollsters say lower participation could favor Renzi, as hostility to his reform is strongest among young voters and those in the poor south, segments of the population that often don&#39;t bother to vote.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>A turnout above 60 percent could also make the result more unpredictable, as it would suggest many voters who said they planned to abstain ended up going to the polls.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>With bookmakers&#39; odds suggesting a roughly 75 percent chance of a win for &#39;No&#39;, speculation is rife on what Renzi will do in the event of defeat.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>He is widely expected to resign and has said he will play no role in any unelected, &quot;technical&quot; government, which President Sergio Mattarella may try to put in place. Some of his allies have urged him to stay in power regardless of the result.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The result of exit polls will be announced as soon as voting ends and the count begins at 11 pm. After around 30 minutes, the first projections of the result will be announced on the basis of actual votes counted.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>If the result is not close, the winner could be clear after the second projection, some time between midnight and 1 am (00.00 GMT). In a very close race, the winner may not be known until the count is completed, probably between 2 and 3 a.m.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Economy Minister Pier Carlo Padoan sought to calm nervous markets on Friday, saying there was &quot;no risk of a financial earthquake&quot; if &#39;No&#39; wins, though there may be &quot;48 hours of turbulence&quot;.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Market jitters have concentrated on Italy&#39;s banks, saddled with 360 billion euros (US$380 billion) of bad loans, and most specifically on Monte Dei Paschi di Siena, its oldest and third largest lender.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The bank needs to raise 5 billion euros (US$5.3 billion) by the end of the year to plug a capital shortfall or risk being wound down. Government officials say potential investors may be deterred by political instability if &#39;No&#39; should win.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&nbsp;</div> Sun, 04 Dec 2016 07:57:00 +0000 Reuters 2474635 at sites/default/files/photo/2016/12/04/505446/italian_prime_minister_matteo_renzi_speaks_during_the_last_rally_for_a_yes_vote_in_the_upcoming_referendum_about_constitutional_reform_in_florence_italy_december_2_2016._reuters.jpg May's Brexit plans face British Supreme Court test <img src="" alt="" title="" class="imagecache imagecache-media_thumbnail" width="152" height="114" /><div>Prime Minister Theresa May&#39;s government launches a challenge on Monday against a court ruling that it requires parliamentary approval to start the process of leaving the European Union, a decision that could upset Britain&#39;s Brexit plans.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>If the Supreme Court, the United Kingdom&#39;s highest judicial body, dismisses the government appeal it could derail May&#39;s timetable for triggering Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty and leaving the EU.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The government&#39;s legal fight comes against a backdrop of claims by some politicians and newspapers that establishment judges want to thwart the Brexit process.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>It will be the most high-profile and complex case the court has considered since it came into being seven years ago and is due to last for four days. For the first time all its 11 justices will sit on the panel with the verdict due later in January.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;The case raises difficult and delicate issues about the constitutional relationship between government and parliament,&quot; Brenda Hale, the Supreme Court&#39;s Vice-President said in a speech last month.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;What is meant by the exercise of the executive power of the state? We do not have a written constitution to tell us the answer. But I doubt whether many written constitutions would tell us the answer either.&quot;</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>If May wins, she can proceed with her plans to invoke Article 50 by the end of March.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>But if she loses, parliament could in theory block Brexit as most lawmakers (MPs) supported staying in the EU in a referendum in June, though few observers expect such an outcome. Even so, lawmaker approval could open the process to greater scrutiny and delay.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Investors believe the greater parliament&#39;s involvement the less chance there is of a &quot;hard Brexit&quot; in which tight controls on immigration are prioritized over European single market access. The pound surged after November&#39;s High Court ruling.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>In a sign of how thorny the process could be for May, the pro-EU Liberal Democrat party says it would vote against Article 50 unless there is a new referendum on the final Brexit deal, a concession May is highly unlikely to make.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The party won a ninth seat in parliament on Thursday in a local by-election vote.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The High Court challenge was brought by investment fund manager Gina Miller with hairdresser Deir Tozetti Dos Santos the second claimant.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Other parties will also be allowed to offer legal arguments this week, including the devolved Welsh government, a group of ex-patriate Britons, and the Independent Workers Union of Great Britain which represents mainly low-paid migrant workers.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>So too will the Scottish government, which strongly opposes Brexit and has been seeking ways to keep Scotland in the EU.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The case hinges on whether the government can use a historical power known as &quot;royal prerogative&quot; to invoke Article 50 without lawmakers&#39; assent.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>USEFUL DISTRACTION?</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The challengers argued that Britons would inevitably lose rights granted under an act of parliament when leaving the EU, and that under Britain&#39;s unwritten constitution such rights could only be taken away with parliamentary approval.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The High Court agreed with this, rejecting the government&#39;s assertion parliament had given its approval by allowing a referendum and that it was established the executive alone could make or leave international treaties.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>The government&#39;s prepared argument for the Supreme Court is little changed from before. Miller has told Reuters she suspected May might be happy to lose, with the court battle providing a useful distraction to ministerial divisions and Brexit indecision.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>June&#39;s vote to leave the EU exposed deep divisions in Britain, and some pro-Brexit politicians condemned the High Court for flouting democracy. The Daily Mail newspaper called the three senior judges involved &quot;enemies of the people&quot;.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Miller herself has become a target of hate and has received abuse and death threats.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Some lawmakers in May&#39;s Conservative Party have also called for Supreme Court President David Neuberger to stand down because his wife had posted anti-Brexit messages on Twitter.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>One of the court&#39;s justices, Brian Kerr, said judges would not be swayed by personal views.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;That&#39;s not to say we don&#39;t have personal views, but we are all extremely conscious of the need to set aside our personal views and apply the law as we conceive it to be,&quot; he told the BBC last month.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>Meanwhile, upsetting the media, politicians and some of the public is unlikely to faze Neuberger and the other justices.</div><div>&nbsp;</div><div>&quot;Parliament no doubt appreciates that the unelected judges sometimes are more easily able to do what is right, but temporarily unpopular, than politicians who need to submit themselves at least every five years to the electorate,&quot; Neuberger said in a 2011 speech.</div> Sat, 03 Dec 2016 14:41:00 +0000 Reuters 2474632 at sites/default/files/photo/2016/11/06/505446/britains_prime_minister_theresa_may_holds_a_news_conference_after_the_eu_summit_in_brussels_belgium_october_21_2016..jpg