Jordan's King Abdullah II and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas signed an agreement Sunday confirming their "common goal to defending" Jerusalem and its sacred sites against attempts to Judaize the Holy City.
A statement by the palace said the deal confirms Jordan's historic role as custodian of Muslim holy sites in Jerusalem, particularly the flashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque compound, and outlines coordination between the two sides.
"In this historic agreement, Abbas reiterated that the king is the custodian of holy sites in Jerusalem and that he has the right to exert all legal efforts to preserve them, especially Al-Aqsa mosque," the statement said. "It is also emphasizing the historical principles agreed by Jordan and Palestine to exert joint efforts to protect the city and holy sites from Israeli Judaization attempts."
"It also reaffirms the historic principles upon which Jordan and Palestine are in agreement as regards Jerusalem and their common goal of defending Jerusalem together, especially at such critical time, when the city is facing dramatic challenges and daily illegal changes to its authenticity and original identity," the statement continued.
Al-Aqsa compound, known to Muslims as Al-Haram al-Sharif, is Islam's third holiest site after Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia, and houses the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa mosques.
But it is also Judaism's most sacred place of worship, venerated by Jews as Temple Mount, the site where King Herod's temple stood before it was destroyed by the Romans in AD 70.
It is one of the most sensitive sites in Jerusalem, and clashes frequently break out between Palestinians and Israeli security forces.
"Jerusalem is currently facing major challenges and attempts to change its Arab, Muslim and Christian identity," the palace said.
Israel captured the eastern half of the city during the 1967 Six-Day War and later annexed it in a move never recognized internationally, but the Palestinians want east Jerusalem as capital of their future state.
Jordan, which has a 1994 peace treaty with Israel, administers the Muslim holy sites in Jerusalem through its endowments and religious affairs ministry.